The turn is a small thorny shrub. As for its distribution, southern and central Europe, southern Russia, as well as Siberia and the Caucasus are considered to be the natural habitat of thorns.
The slope grows in the meadows, along rivers and ravines.
The varietal group of thorns that has been crossed with a plum has become very widespread. This plant is characterized by large fruits.
Thorn bush is recognized as perennial. It is thick, strongly branched with a powerful trunk. In the height of the turn can reach three meters, but most often grows to a half meters or two.
The young shoots of thorns have small cannons, and in some places with a bare surface.
The turn blooms pretty early on. Flowering period: April - May. And after the completion of this period, leaflets are dismissed.
Flowers are not collected in inflorescences. They are single pinkish white.
The fruit of the thorns is a drupe. Very small to two - three centimeters, no more. The shape of the fruit is round, and the color is dark blue or black.
The taste does not deserve high marks. Fruit pulp is tart, but, however, there is a way to improve its taste by freezing in the freezer. After this heat treatment, the fruits become sweeter.
The trunk of the bush is covered with brown bark.
The root system of thorns is very well developed, as the roots are all powerful and are presented in large numbers.
Use of thorns
The turn is used in various decorative plantings. The design idea has already worked on many options for combining the bush with other shrubs, both deciduous and coniferous plants. The results are not bad.
Especially successful turn is used to create hedges. This is a very powerful design, which is equipped with natural armor from numerous spikes. Not everyone, even the strongest fence can compete with the hedge of their bushes.
This protection and greens, pleasing to the eye, and the fruits, what or what, but still. By the way, many people eat thorns for food, so, for example, adding thorns in preservation, consisting mainly of berries, is the place to be, as well as excellent compotes of thorns, jam and jam.
Thornwood wood is also highly valued because of its strength.
The turn tolerates frost well and does not need to be sheltered for the winter. The land is fertile for him. You can, of course, its nutritional properties and enrich through fertilization before planting plants in open ground and then, during the growth and development.
It is better to choose a sunny place, although there will not be a thorn bush against the shadow.
Dig a landing hole up to fifty centimeters deep and forty to fifty centimeters wide. Provide drainage. This is a prerequisite for tern. Drainage is formed from broken bricks. Then fill the hole with organic fertilizer and plant a thorn bush.
The bush should be young and healthy. When buying, be sure to pay attention to the state of the root system and the overall level of plant development. The condition of the leaves and bark, the thickness of the trunk - all will tell you about the health of the purchased shrubs. Than it is stronger, it will take root and take root there faster, although in the situation with tern it is not a very serious problem, as the plant adapts well to the new conditions for it.
After you put the turn, it should be poured abundantly. The turn is a moisture-loving plant.
The breeding of thorns takes place both by seeds and root suckers, which the thorns produce in large quantities. You can plant new young plants with cuttings or graft thorns to other cultures.
If you use thorn seeds for sowing, sow them immediately after the flesh has separated. So you definitely get good shoots. However, you can wait until the early spring.
Saplings that have grown out of seeds can be transplanted to a permanent place for their further habitat in the open ground only after they have grown stronger and have grown well. As a rule, experts in the field of gardening call the terms in two years. So biennial seedlings can be planted in the ground in spring or autumn.
When landing, count intermediate distances. Thorny bush very well branching and growing. It is better to plant the plants, for a hedge observing intermediate distances between plants in the same row to at least two meters.
Care for thorns
Caring for thorns is reduced to regular watering, so the plant is very moisture-loving, loosening the soil, but not too deep, weed control, elimination of damaged branches and dry fruits, as well as inflorescences. Top-dressing with mineral and potassium-containing fertilizers (it will be best and most convenient to use liquid fertilizers that dissolve in water and are absorbed faster by the plant) is also a far from unimportant element of care.
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