What gardener does not dream of fresh cucumbers all year round? That is why lovers of work on the land create all the conditions for growing garden crops: watering, lighting, temperature regulation. It remains only to decide on the best varieties of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses - the most practical material of the modern greenhouse.
Determine the requirements
Agro-technology of cucumbers is considered one of the most difficult, but as an inhabitant of greenhouses, this vegetable still remains the most popular. For the cultivation of greenhouse specimens should be considered:
- landing dates;
- time and frequency of dressings;
- airing and watering mode;
- features of the formation of the bush.
When "greening" the greenhouse with different types of cucumbers, these parameters should be special.
Variety or hybrid?
The most crucial stage in planting a greenhouse is the choice of cucumber varieties. It would seem that there may be difficult, because there are about 60 types of greenhouse varieties! However, in this matter it is important to imagine the ultimate goal, that is, what products are we waiting for at the output - a hybrid or a variety?
The advantages of the first more: yield, good adaptability and keeping quality. But at the same time - the absolute unpredictability of parental seeds and a smaller amount of vitamins. On the seed packaging, the hybrid name is labeled with the F1 code.
Varietal species definitely win the competition. First, they are stable - the “children” will be the same as the “parents”. Secondly, they are economically beneficial (the variety is cheaper than a hybrid), thirdly, they are tasty.
Young greens are used in salads, but are not suitable for salting for the winter: over time, turn into a "porridge". But those that are needed for preservation are unlikely to fit for cutting: their skin is too coarse. That is why Dutch hybrids are grown for salads with a thin skin and practically no seeds. The last couple of years it has become fashionable to grow Armenian cucumbers of yellow-green color and shape, resembling lemons.
The undoubted leader in the salad varieties are varieties of bush cucumbers. They are called so because of the characteristics of the seedlings: the lash is only about 80 cm (for comparison, they are rarely less than 1 m in habitual cucumbers), with two branches and low yield. But these greens are sown in just 20 days! The most popular varieties include "Baby", "Shorty", "Baby".
Terms of ripening
There are three types of greenhouse cucumbers in terms of fruiting.
- Winter-spring varieties and their hybrids: "Blagovest", "Relay", "Finger boy", "Moscow hothouse", "Emelya F1", "Granddaughter F1" and others. Early varieties of cucumbers bear fruit for long, but they are resistant bad weather and calmly endure the lack of sun.
- Spring-summer varieties: "Crispina", "Hercules", "Moscow evening F1", "Temptation F1", etc. They are very fruitful, unpretentious (although they require abundant watering), resistant to diseases, but hardly survive shading.
- Summer-autumn cucumbers: "Annie", "Courage", "Amur", "Hector", "Major F1", "Cartoon F1", Dutch varieties, etc. Representatives of this group are unpretentious and fruitful, distinguished by good germination and rich taste.
From the school course of botany, we know that there are plants that cope with pollination on their own, and there are those that need bees. For protected ground, they and other insects are unwanted guests, so cucumber seeds for a greenhouse should only be self-pollinated. From this point of view, Hector is considered an ideal variety (its flowers appear already with the ovary), as well as Zozulya F1, Courage F1, Tournament F1 and Sultan F1.
And if you want to grow a crop of cucumbers pollinated by bees? There is a way: to attract insects to the greenhouse. To do this, you need to sprinkle with sweetened water. The Spring of F1 and Libella F1 are recognized as the most fruitful variants of such a growing scheme. But it is necessary to immediately consider how to drive out the "helpers" who have completed their mission from the greenhouse.
What is the result?
Each of these hybrids and varietal species has its fans. All varieties, especially the first, provide good fees. But still for a polycarbonate greenhouse there are several ideal "tenants" who favorably relate to such a "house" and give a great harvest:
- "Ant" - a variety of early cucumbers with small shoots and graceful greens, dotted with delicious tubercles
- "Bidretta F1" - gherkin hybrid, very tasty, but requires pollination by bees;
- "Courage F1" - resistant to bad weather and the most common diseases
- "Masha F1" - ultra-ripened cucumbers, not only very suitable for any salad, but perfectly saltable;
- "Suomi F1" - vegetables with a "Nordic character", they have almost no flaws - a great choice for the cities of the middle zone
Summing up the above, we can say that finding the best varieties or hybrids of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses is not so difficult if you follow a certain algorithm. It is important to determine what should happen at the outlet and at what time of year, as well as take into account the conditions of a particular greenhouse. From this will depend on which type of popular vegetables to prefer.