Cherry steppe is a shrub plant. It is not high with twig shoots. Flowers are collected in neat up to four pieces of inflorescence.
The steppe cherry fruit gives a characteristic red hue and sour taste. Not cultivated plant grows widely in Siberia, the Volga region, in the southern Urals.
If you grow steppe cherries from seeds, it will delight you with a rich variety of fruits according to their taste characteristics and ripening terms.
Only vegetative propagation will allow to preserve the characteristics of the variety untouched.
The plant tolerates frost well, but if the cold is up to thirty - forty degrees, the flower buds will freeze and there will be no fruit in the spring.
If your climate is too harsh, then you should still think about protecting your pets.
The height of the steppe cherry can reach from fifty to two hundred centimeters. The crown is spherical and, as a rule, rather dense.
The root system of the plant is quite well developed and goes to a depth of up to sixty centimeters, and, in general, can be up to eight meters in length.
The use of steppe cherries
- It is used very actively by landscape designers in order to create new interesting design solutions.
- Bushes look good both in single plantings and in group.
- Often used for growing hedges. Protection, of course, such a fence will not provide you, but the appearance is very beautiful and neat, and during the flowering period, a pleasant aroma will also be felt around the perimeter of the site.
Planting steppe cherries
- Perfect for our steppe cherries chernozem and chestnut soil.
- Before planting planting material, a place should be prepared for planting. To do this, add humus to the dug pits at the rate of five to six kilograms per square meter, it would be good to add phosphate fertilizers and those containing potassium.
- Cherry steppe plant in one row, while respecting the distance between the bushes and a half meters, and if your hedge does not consist of only one cherry, but the planting will alternate with different crops, then the distance from steppe cherry to another plant should be at least three meters
- In order not only to get a living hedge, but also to rejoice with good fruits, one should plant several varieties of steppe cherries on one plot. It is necessary for pollination of one variety to another.
- Landing spend in the spring. It is possible in early spring, immediately after the ground has thawed and warmed slightly.
- In depth your pit for steppe cherries should be up to fifty centimeters. The width is about the same.
- Best of all, if you dig it back in the fall, then by the spring moisture will gather in it and the earth will go through a warming process faster.
- Before direct planting, trim the bushes to half or one third of the total height. How low pruning should be done can be determined by the general condition of the plant, in particular its root system.
- If the seedlings you purchased in the fall, you should prikopat them on your site. In this case, the position is set not even, but with a slight inclination.
- In the process of spring planting, it is important that the root neck is located just above the soil layer. But if the plant has passed the grafting procedure, then it is the opposite.
- Special irrigation cherry steppe will not require you. Only if in the summer there will be prolonged hot weather, not accompanied by rain, then it is worth helping the plant with moisture.
Care steppe cherry
The first two to three years after you planted your hedge, all your concern for it should be to remove weeds and control pests.
It will not be superfluous to burst the ground once more in the summer time.
Loosening is carried out to a depth of twelve centimeters. The closer to the trunk of the plant, the higher the depth of loosening. This procedure is observed in order not to damage the root system, and therefore does not disrupt the process of nutrient intake from the soil.
Each bush should be thinned only in the fifth or sixth year of growth, when branches with low productivity appear that have worked, what is called, their own warranty period.