Stained glass is a work of art from stained glass designed for through illumination. Previously, stained glass was used mainly in churches, now it is a new-fashioned current in decor, which is becoming increasingly popular every year. Stained-glass windows became much more accessible, it became possible to insert them into door panels, ordinary window frames, partitions and screens.
In order to make stained glass windows with your own hands, it is not necessary to invite a master, almost everyone can handle this business. Enough desire to achieve the goal, a little perseverance and accurate execution of these tips.
How to make a stained glass window?
You will need:
- PVA emulsion;
- Special stained paints or aniline dyes;
- Whatman paper, cardboard or graph paper;
- Alcohol or acetone;
- Aluminum wire 1.6 mm thick.
- Before you begin to work, decide what pattern you want to see the glass and from which colors it will be folded. A drawing can be absolutely anything: an ornament, an image of flowers, birds, animals, etc. The image can be limited only to your imagination. Attract children to creating a picture - they will definitely give you an interesting idea.
- Draw the outlines of the pattern on Whatman paper, cardboard or graph paper. Mark where and what color you put. If you are not able to draw, ask friends or use a carbon copy. Remove the glass from the item to be decorated with a stained glass window. Defat that side of the glass on which the stained glass will be placed, with alcohol or acetone.
- Using adhesive tape secure the picture on the back. Using the level strictly horizontally position the glass. Along the contours of the picture, bend the necessary elements out of the wire. Liberally lubricate them with PVA emulsion on the side of contact with the glass and place them on the glass. To glue the wire more tightly, put a metal plate with a weight on it. Somewhere in 1.5 - 2 hours the wire should stick.
- While the wire is attached, prepare the colorings. Dissolve the aniline dyes in distilled water and strain the resulting solution. As a result, there should be no lumps and other solid particles in it. Mix the solution with the PVA emulsion to a cream consistency.
- To check the saturation of the color scheme, apply a little mixture on a small piece of glass. After polymerization you will see the final shade. If it is too bright, you can add more PVA to the mixture; if it is too pale, add a dye solution. In addition to aniline dyes, you can use ready-made stained paints - they do not have to be diluted in emulsion and water.
- Do not get carried away only bright colors. The overall color scheme should be harmoniously balanced. When all colors are cooked, pour them into glass jars and cover with a lid so that they do not dry out prematurely. Now you can proceed to the most important and crucial stage of work - painting the design on glass.
- Before you start, prepare a clean brush and practice a little. Kohler should be applied in a strictly consistent manner, gradually pouring the solution at the contour of the wire drawing with a brush. When adding new colors, follow the total layer thickness - the saturation of the area covered and the uniformity of its tone will depend on it.
- During operation, do not touch the already formed layer, otherwise, the emulsion will begin to dry out under the influence of contact with air, and new portions of the color will break the balance, which will lead to a defect. If this happens, gently wash this piece and let the glass dry.
- After covering all the necessary areas with the 1st color, rinse the brush thoroughly and proceed to applying the next color. In order to avoid possible scratches of the 1st color in the other, in the case of loose gluing of the contour wire, it is better to fill the color only in the vicinity of already hardened spots. In any case, be careful with respect to the already painted areas and just in case, put a clean cotton wool and a container of water next to you.
- When you completely paint the picture, carefully look at the reverse side of the stained glass. Sometimes, the places of glued wire cores look messy - this can be fixed with white enamel paint (degrease the glass beforehand). When the white strip dries, you can mount the stained glass in place.
Patterns of stained glass: options
Stencils for stained glass: examples
Stained glass - a beautiful decoration of the glass surface. With its help you can make any glass more elegant, and the design of the room is more unusual, emphasizing the uniqueness of your home. Creating a stained glass window is quite simple, especially if you can draw. If not, use stencils or templates.