Apple trees are grown in almost every summer cottage. This is understandable, because their fruits contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements. Only 300 grams of apples should be eaten per day to provide the body with a daily dose of vitamin C. These fruits have a tonic effect, so they are recommended to include in the diet of people with weak immunity, underwent surgery and serious diseases.
Processing of apple trees after flowering
After flowering, apples also need care, if, of course, you want to get a good harvest for the next year. After all, after flowering on the tree may appear pests that need timely.
- Scab is a disease that affects leaves, peduncles, flowers and petioles. On the leaves appear oily spots near the veins. Further, the disease can spread throughout the tree. To get rid of the scab, collect the diseased leaves and burn them. It is also recommended in the fall to dig pristvolny circles.
- Mealy dew affects the tips and buds of the shoots. A white mealy bloom appears on the leaves and flowers. During the disease the leaves begin to fall off and lag behind in growth, curling along the vein. Apple shoots bend and stop growing. Be sure to cut and destroy diseased shoots, burn fallen leaves.
- Rust appears immediately after flowering and affects the leaves of the apple shoots. On the leaves appear red spots rounded with yellow tubercles. They turn yellow and fall off. As a rule, apple trees are infected with rust from juniper, so do not plant these plants nearby.
- Common cancer affects the trunk and fork of individual skeletal branches. This disease can occur in open and closed form. In a closed form on the cortex, tumors and nodules appear. The open form manifests itself as deep and non-overgrowing wounds on the bark. To cope with cancer, you need to approach this issue comprehensively: conduct a set of agrotechnical measures, whiten or coat apple trees with lime milk, cut and burn diseased branches, disinfect wounds and damaged bark with a solution of blue vitriol (20 g per 1 l of water), smear cleaned wounds of garden pitch.
- Mosaic affects the leaves, which appear small patches of strange shapes, painted in yellow or cream color. Merging, spots affect the entire leaf, which leads to deformation and falling off. It is possible to overcome the disease only by destroying the infected plants.
- Brooming is manifested in the form of a large number of shoots growing in the form of brooms with yellow or red leaves. You can fight this disease in the same way as mosaic.
- Rosette manifests itself in the form of interstitial convergence. Appear small leaves, which are collected in the form of rosettes on the upper shoots. If you do not treat rosettes, your apple tree will die, and will not bear fruit. Usually, the disease appears due to an excess of phosphorus and lime, and a lack of zinc. To prevent the development of the disease, feed the apple with zinc sulphate and treat the cuts with oil paint, adding zinc to it.
How to spray the apple after flowering?
After flowering, apples just need to be sprayed to prevent the occurrence of pests and diseases.
- Apple trees can be treated with different drugs. After flowering, spray crowns with zinc sulfate - this is to prevent the development of rosette. Treat apples with sulfur and copper to protect the plant from rust.
- Spraying with Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate, copper chloric, polykhom or polycarbacin (4 g per 1 l of water) can help protect the plant from scab. You can also spray apples with a solution of colloidal sulfur (8 g per 1 l of water).
- To protect the trees from powdery mildew, after flowering, be sure to treat them with fungicides, sodium phosphate (10 g per 1 liter of water) or the preparation of Scor (according to the instructions).
- A tincture of tobacco or shag (400 g per 10 l of water, diluted 10 times and add 40 g of soap) is perfect against a sucker and aphids. Infusion sprayed the whole plant. You can also use tinctures from decoctions of dandelion leaves, wormwood, tomato, yarrow and potatoes.
Apple care after flowering
After flowering, the apple is recommended to cover with trap belts, which are made of burlap or three layers of wrapping paper (width 20 cm). Bind the belt in two places: bottom and top. The edges of the belt need a little open. Traps scan once every 10 days and remove from them the caught caterpillars and pupae of the moth.
Watering an apple tree after flowering is also necessary. In the summer, do it in the evening by sprinkling. This helps the crown to grow and eliminates pests. On a hot day, apple trees are not recommended to be watered in order to avoid burns. At a time you need to pour 30 liters of water on one 2-year-old tree. The frequency of watering is determined by the weather.
Feed the apple after flowering is recommended a mixture of urea and humus. You can make and mineral fertilizers, which are sold in specialized stores.
See also: How to plant an apple tree?
Apple tree is a beautiful tree in bloom, which, with proper care, brings many tasty and healthy fruits. From apples you can cook compotes, jelly, salads, juices, jams, pies, etc. Due to the large amount of vitamins contained in the fruit, it is recommended for people who have had serious illnesses and young children!