In the design of the landscape can be found various plants - grass, shrubs, trees. Some species take root well and grow, without requiring any special care. Others are very whimsical to environmental conditions. In this article we will talk about planting spirea, as well as the rules for the care of this shrub plant.
Popular types of sprayer
There are about 100 species of spiray shrubs. It gained its popularity in landscape design not only because it is very beautiful during the flowering period, by the way, rather long, but also because it is unpretentious in maintenance and is frost resistant.
When choosing gardeners are guided by the flowering period, since some varieties of spirey bloom in spring, others - in summer. The species of this ornamental plant are classified into groups:
- Group I - all species with simple white flowers that appear during May-June;
- Group II - combines species with more complex corymbose inflorescences from white to crimson color, flowering begins at the beginning of summer and lasts the entire season;
- Group III - spike-shaped inflorescences, located at the ends of fresh shoots, appear by the middle of summer, some species of this group are pleased with the color in September.
Here are some types of sprayer:
Spirea Japanese little princesses grow only half a meter high, but the process is long. But the crown of the bush is very lush, more than 100 cm in diameter. Oval leaves have a rich dark green color. Little princesses bloom in the summer with many pink-red flowers.
Her closest relative, Japanese goldfish spirea - shrub larger, up to 80 cm in height. Flowers pink-red. But the color of the leaves of Spirea Japanese goldflyme changes depending on the season. At first they are yellowish-orange, but over time they become saturated yellow. After some time the greens make their way, and in the fall the leaves get a copper-orange color.
Spirea Wangutta - unlike its relatives, this hybrid bush is huge, reaching a height of 2 m. During the flowering period, branches along the entire length are covered with many small flowers. The peculiarity of Wangutta is that one shrub can bloom twice a year. Three-lobed serrated leaves are dark green in summer and orange-purple in autumn.
Spiraea birch - spherical shrubs up to 60 cm in height. Its leaves are, indeed, similar to birch (hence the name). The flowering is abundant, with white, sometimes pinkish flowers, begins in early June. Note that in the wild nature of the spiraea, the birch-leaved is protected.
It is advisable to plant the shrub in the spring before foliage appears or in the fall after leaf fall. Damaged roots and too long shoots should be trimmed carefully. The diameter of the hole should be twice the diameter of the rhizome. To fill it, mixed soil is used - earth, sand, peat in equal proportions. A newly-planted shrub needs to be filled with a couple of buckets of water.
Neighborhood of other plants spirea is not so important, but during the period of growth, before the first flowering, it is desirable that the area is well lit.
- The soil is loose, periodically weeding is required.
- Watering - moderate, increases during the period of drought, but without stagnant water.
- Fertilizer - 2-3 times a year: after planting, pruning and in summer.
- Diseases - slightly exposed, the main pests - aphid and spider mite.
- Pruning - every 7-14 years the maximum removal of all old shoots. After the winter, before budding, the pruned, weak and old shoots are pruned.
- Temperature. Autumn landing for the winter is desirable to wrap up. In general, the shrub plant is frost resistant.
Proper planting and care for spirea will lead to the fact that after a couple of years the shrub will bloom for the first time. During this period, he is one of the most beautiful ornamental plants in landscape design. And this will be repeated annually. Note that some species live up to 20 years.