Spathiphyllum (in translation from the Greek. "Cover" and "sheet") - a fairly common plant of great beauty. Its homeland is South Africa, Brazil, the Philippines, Venezuela, Colombia, Polynesia. If you can pick a plant a good place to grow, it will delight with its flowering all year round. If the conditions of detention are violated, the leaves of the spathiphyllum begin to turn yellow and dry, and the tips turn black. To avoid this, you need to follow certain rules of plant care.
Why u Spathiphyllum leaves turn yellow?
Like any plant spathiphyllum has some growing problems, among which are drying and yellowing leaves, as well as blackening tips. Various factors can cause this. The most common cause of yellowing leaves of spathiphyllum is a lack of moist air and improper watering. Since the tropical tropics are the birthplace of this plant, it does not tolerate drought indoors. Usually, the drying leaves of the spathiphyllum appear in the heating season, because often the containers with a flower are placed on the window sills. From the batteries rises warm dry air, which dries the leaves. Another common cause of drying and yellowing of leaves is too frequent and abundant watering. Some owners are trying to fill the lack of moisture, starting to fill spathiphyllum. As a result, water stagnates in the soil, and the root system cannot cope with such stagnation.
In the case when the tips of the leaves begin to turn black at the spathiphyllum, this may indicate a lack of mineral substances. Many tend to think that if you plant a plant in a special substrate, it does not need additional feeding. But this is not so, because the earth only the first time provides the necessary vitamins and trace elements to the spathiphyllum. When earth reserves end, the plant needs additional food. If this is not done, the flowers will wither, the leaves will dry and turn yellow.
Another common cause of spathiphyllum’s drying and blackening leaves is the wrong location. This tropical flower does not like direct sunlight and cold air. If the plant is constantly under the sun or under a direct stream of cold conditioned air, the tips of the leaves will begin to turn black and dry.
Dry, turn yellow and blacken the tips of the leaves of spathiphyllum can also be under the influence of pests. The most common are spider mites, scab, aphid and mealybug. To prevent the development of parasites, regularly inspect the plant. Mealybug can be found through the sugary secretions that most often accumulate on the roots of spathiphyllum, while the pests themselves are hidden between the leaves. In the case when the plant has infected the scarlet, moisten the substance in alcohol and wipe the leaves. If this method does not help, you can purchase an industrial preparation in the flower shop and process the flower according to the instructions.
Spider mite - lives on the leaf from the bottom side, and its distinctive feature is cobweb. Under the influence of the pest, the leaves start to dry, as this tick drinks all the sap from the flower. To get rid of it, you need to prepare a solution with soap, carefully treat the leaves with them, clean the cobwebs and mites.
Aphid also lives on the underside of the leaves and feeds on the sap of the plant. Under her influence, the leaves become lifeless, curl, turn yellow and blacken. If the spathiphyllum is not severely affected, a soapy solution will help you; if it does not help, buy an insecticide. Treat the plant immediately after the discovery of aphids, as it multiplies rapidly.
The shield leaves dark spots scattered throughout the spaliphyllum. Get rid of it is somewhat more difficult than other pests. Florists immediately after the detection of the parasite is recommended to process the flower with special preparations. If you do not want to use chemistry, prepare a tobacco-soap solution (but it will only help in the early stages of infection).
How to care for spathiphyllum at home?
- Spathiphyllum is appreciated for its expressive flowers and spectacular leaves, as well as for its small demanding care. To ensure abundant and long flowering, the plant is placed in a warm room, the temperature in which is maintained within 25 degrees. Be sure to put the spathiphyllum in a room with a temperature of 12 degrees for 2-3 weeks. But note that the flower does not tolerate drafts.
- Spathiphyllum likes diffused, but at the same time bright light. In summer, cover the plant from direct sunlight. The half shade will be the ideal place for its cultivation. In winter and autumn, provide additional light to the flower, if necessary.
- For good growth, follow the basic principles of watering - during the spring-autumn period, do not feel sorry for the water for the plant, and in winter you should reduce watering. Watch the soil - it should not be too dry or too wet.
- To avoid drying and yellowing leaves, provide spathiphyllum optimum humidity. To do this, regularly wipe the leaves of the plant from dust, spray it with a spray bottle. A good moisturizing effect is provided by a bookmark in a pot with a wet moss or peat flower, as well as flooded drainage in the form of pebbles, sand or expanded clay. You can simply place them in a room where there is a water-filled spathiphyllum or place a special humidifier.
- The plant needs feeding. From March to September every week be sure to feed the spathiphyllum with lime-free mineral fertilizers. It is best if potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus are contained in the feedings.
- Periodically, the plant will have to replant. Carry out a transplant in the spring. They use containers larger than the previous ones (but don’t overdo it, as there is no need to pick up too free containers). As a substrate take a mixture of sand, leaf soil, peat, turf and humus in the ratio of 1: 1: 1: 2: 1. Additionally, the substrate can be enriched with coal and perlite. Do not forget to provide the plant with quality drainage.
Spathiphyllum is a spectacular plant with which you can significantly revive any interior. It is especially appreciated for its beautiful flowers and leaves. A frequent problem of this flower is drying and yellowing leaves. To avoid such trouble, it is necessary to ensure proper care for the spathiphyllum and get rid of pests on time.