For a long time the dog lives next to a man, being his faithful friend and helper. In the course of their lives, animals face various diseases, and rabies is one of them. This is an infectious disease that affects the central nervous activity, which is dangerous for humans. That is why the signs of rabies dogs and the features of its manifestation everyone should know.
Forms of rabies in dogs
A healthy dog can become infected with this infection if the infected animal’s saliva hits the damaged area of the skin at the bite site. There are two forms of rabies in dogs: violent and quiet. Occasionally there are abortive and atypical forms of the disease.
Lush form flow in three stages, which follow each other:
- the initial stage is melancholic;
- maniacal (excitatory) stage;
- final - depressive (paralytic).
Rabies in four-legged pets: symptoms of the disease
Each stage of the disease has its own symptoms. The first sign of rabies in dogs is a change in the behavior of the animal: alertness, unresponsiveness or, on the contrary, excessive tenderness. Pet tries to retire in dark places. There is increased excitability, decreased appetite and itching in the place of the bite. In an infected animal, one can observe vomiting, increased salivation, difficulties in swallowing food. The duration of the initial stage is from 2 to 3 days.
The second stage is accompanied by excessive excitement and anxiety. The dog has a desire to break off the leash, she gnaws at everything that he sees, attacks on those around him. Increasing convulsive seizures, paralysis of the pharynx and extremities, jaw dropping can occur. Salivation increases, and hoarseness appears when barking. The second stage lasts up to three days.
At the last stage, the sick animal's eyes sink deep, the jaw drops, the tongue falls out of the mouth, the mobility of the backside is lost. Paralysis occurs in an emaciated animal. This process is irreversible, and soon after the coma becomes fatal. This stage lasts up to five days.
The form of quiet rabies in animals proceeds without manifestation of aggressiveness. It is characterized by rapidly developing paralysis. The disease progresses faster. Atypical frenzy is rare, a characteristic feature of this form is a sluggish course of the disease without aggression. The dog is inactive, weakened, refuses to eat, sometimes there is vomiting. The disease can last up to five months without division into stages.
Abortive form (returnable) ends recovery after alternating clinical symptoms 2-3 times at intervals of up to three weeks. Often, it corresponds to the stage of the rush form.
Hope for recovery of our pets is small. A sick dog does not take any tests, does not carry out treatment - this is the risk of being infected by a person. The diagnosis is established after the death of the animal. Sometimes resorted to sleep, to alleviate his suffering.
Signs of rabies in a person from a dog bite
A person most often becomes infected with rabies from domestic dogs who have been in contact with a sick stray animal. Infection from the wild is no more than of all reported diseases. Spring and summer are the most dangerous periods for infection. Infection is carried out by contact with saliva during the bite. The risk increases if the damage occurred in the region of the upper extremities and the front part. Loss of control over the behavior of a person infected with rabies is the most dangerous period.
In an adult, the latent period lasts from 9 to 40 days, it depends on the place of the bite: if he fell on his hands, then the interval is reduced to five days. In children, rabies develops much faster.
Stages of development of the disease in man and his symptoms
The initial stage lasts up to three days and is characterized by features such as:
- pulling pain at the site of infection, sensitivity of the skin, swelling;
- increased body temperature up to 37.3 °;
- sharp pains in the head and lethargy, accompanied by nausea;
- hallucinations (when bitten in the face);
- depression and unwarranted fear;
- loss of appetite.
The stage of arousal lasts up to three days and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- increased excitability of nervous activity;
- hydrophobia, the occurrence of spasms of breathing and a violation of the swallowing reflex, which may result in vomiting;
- breathing becomes intermittent;
- convulsions of the facial muscles, as a reaction to bright light and harsh sound;
- palpitations become more frequent, salivation increases, excessive sweating, pupils dilate;
- bouts of violence, dangerous to others.
Stage paralysis passes during the day with such changes as:
- motor system failure;
- drop in blood pressure;
A reliable method of protecting animals against rabies is vaccination, which is necessary for your pet throughout life. Only a healthy animal is vaccinated, and if a sick dog is vaccinated, then immunity to the vaccine will not be developed. The first vaccination is given to a puppy at the age of 3-4 months (until the teeth have changed), then it is done once a year at regular intervals.
Contraindications for vaccination dogs are pregnancy, stress, lactation. Rabies vaccines do not cause complications in healthy animals. Very rarely, swelling at the injection site, diarrhea and vomiting may occur. For vaccination, you can choose a vaccine imported or domestic production, which are not significantly different. The most popular anti-rabies drugs are Nobivac and Eurican, Rabican can be distinguished from domestic drugs.
We hope that the information obtained will help preserve the health and life of your four-legged family member, as well as protect yourself and others. Remember, we are responsible for those who have tamed.