Most species of stonecrops are bred not because of the flowers, but because of the leaves. The decorative effect in your garden can be created with the help of variously colored, unusual foliage patterns. Of course, there are flowering species, it will be doubly pleasant to grow them.
Description of Sedum
The plant is winter-hardy, reaches a height of 15 cm to half a meter. Stems lying, raised or branched, spreading. The leaves are fleshy, rounded or obovate, with a serrated edge. The flowers are small, numerous, gathered in small inflorescences of yellow, red or pink color. The flowering period is from June to October, depending on the type or variety. Sedum, or Sedum, can grow in one place for up to five years.
Types of Sedum
The most common are the following types:
- Sill falsereaches a height of 10-15 cm. Its leaves are small, fleshy, bluish-green, shiny. It blooms from the beginning of summer with small pink-red flowers.
- Causticreaches a height of 10 cm. It is a prostrate plant. The leaves are small, dark green, fleshy. It blooms from June with small golden-yellow flowers.
- Evers Sedum- creeping plant, reaches a height of 10-20 cm. The leaves are small, fleshy, green with a bluish tint. The flowers are small, pinkish-red. Flowering plant from August to about October.
But this is not all representatives of Sedum.
All kinds of stonecrops are very light-requiring (except spanish). In the shadows suffer. The color of the leaves depends on the light, in many species of light the leaves are brighter, they can even get the so-called tan or blush. With a lack of light, the stonecrop is strongly drawn out and ceases to bloom. It should be placed so stonecrop, so that in the fall they will not fall asleep falling leaves. In the spring, the plant simply cannot grow through it.
All stonecrop drought-resistant and unpretentious. The land will suit them for growing any. It is important only the presence of a small amount of humus.
Literally all stonecrops are prone to growth or loss. Therefore, after 3-6 years, they must be propagated by division or grafting. Somewhere in five years you need to rejuvenate stonecrop. This is done by removing old shoots, as well as adding fresh substrate. Some species should be cut inflorescences during flowering (Evers sedum, fine-leaved) in order not to spoil the general appearance of the plant.
When cultivating stonecrops, thorough regular weeding should be arranged so that the land does not overgrow with weeds and they do not overgrow the cultivated plants.
Large stonecrop usually cut off after the first frost, but lovers of dry snow-powdered inflorescences can remove dried stalks in the spring.
Breeds Sedum cuttings, seeds and division (mostly in spring).
Pests and Diseases of Sedum
Sedum are very resistant to pests and various diseases.. However, some species are still affected by insects. For example, street visitor often affected by the tracks of real sawflies. If you have noticed this, then the plant should be treated with aktelik solution or another similar drug.
Ochitki ordinary, prominent, red dot and some others may be affected by fungal infections. If you see dark spots on the leaves and stems, cut and burn them. Preventing the disease will help the proper observance of growing conditions.
On large stonecrop can meet aphid. It will help in this case treatment with insecticides (it is better to use drugs recommended for black currants).
Stonecrops and weevils are affected. Hunt them at night. A white cloth or paper is spread under the plants and, shining with a flashlight, they are shaken off and then destroyed.
Use of sedum
Sedum is used to create alpine slides, in curbs, as well as to create flower carpets. Caustic releases substances that inhibit other plants (weeds). Therefore, they can be turned over to different flowerbeds, but this should be done carefully, because it can also have a bad influence on cultivated plants.
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