With the arrival of autumn, the days are getting shorter, the evenings are cooler, and so you want to quickly get into the heat, hide in the house. But this desire covers not only us. Uninvited aliens can hide in our house. No, these are not pesky cockroaches and annoying flies, but terrible centipedes. Scolopendra: Is it dangerous for a person, and how to get rid of it?
What does skolopendra look like?
Look, here is one of these millipedes peeking out from under the baseboard. Is it scary? Meet - skolopendra from the family of bladder centipedes. There are about 90 species of skolopendry detachment. They can be quite large and look just awful. Usually, scolopendra live in the open air, in damp areas, under fallen leaves, stones, or under the bark of trees. And only the home centipede spends all its life inside the dwelling.
Most of them lead an active nightlife. The home centipede is gray-yellow in color with three black stripes along the back and white specks and has very long legs. The body consists of segments, and on each of them there are two pairs of legs. In total, the scolopendra has 15 pairs of legs, so the centipede does not justify its name. Apparently, so it was called because of fear. The length of the scolopendra reaches from 2 to 4 cm.
Home centipedes prefer damp rooms, such as basements, closets, bathrooms or toilets. In the warm season they can be found in the attic. Centipedes usually overwinter outdoors. In the summer, the skolopendra lays up to 35 eggs, mainly in damp places, as well as behind baseboards or under the bark of trees.
Young centipedes have four pairs of legs. In the process of growth, they molt and gradually add new pairs of legs. Their life expectancy is from one to six years, and they grow all this time.
What is dangerous house centipede?
As already mentioned, there are several species of centipedes, and some of them are quite dangerous. Dangerous species of scolopendra inhabit forest or grassy areas. They are usually orange or dark red in color and most often reach large sizes in comparison with the home centipede. Their length is in the range between 60 and 80 cm. Such creatures have from 30 to 350 pairs of legs. They are equipped with poisonous glands on the sides of their bodies.
With such dimensions and weapons, scolopendra easily hunt small rodents, including rats. But do not worry, these centipedes live in tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. Their bite is not fatal to humans, but rather unpleasant. Blisters and redness occur at the site of the bite, accompanied by pain and swelling. Symptoms disappear within two days.
Centipedes, which you can find in your home, are absolutely harmless and do not contain deadly poison for us. So if between you accidentally happens contact of the first kind, you can be completely confident in their safety, despite their aggressive appearance. The home scolopendra is also called the flycatcher, as it feeds on small insects.
And to calm down completely, consider why we should not be afraid of home centipedes. So, home skolopendry absolutely safe:
- they are not carriers of disease;
- do not eat our products;
- do not penetrate our wardrobe;
- if possible, avoid a person, and when meeting with him, the Scolopendra will quickly seek refuge in a darker place.
Meanwhile, the presence of scolopendr in our house may indicate increased humidity and possible mold. Also, centipedes live in a dwelling where there are other small pests. Centipedes are predators. They survive at home due to the presence of food supply - other insects. And some of them can disrupt our comfort and cause harm to health, such as bedbugs.
How to get rid of scolopendr?
So, if you decide to fight the intrusion of unwanted guests, then first take the following environmental measures:
- Air the rooms and basements.
- Repair or replace leaking faucets and water taps.
- Clean the area surrounding the house of possible centipede habitat, including debris, stones, boards, compost heaps and other possible insect shelters.
- Ensure tightness and tightness around siding, windows, doors, pipes, wires and other structural voids. This will help you foam, which effectively fill all voids and block access to insects and rodents.
Another way to get rid of the scolopendr is to destroy their food base, that is, to disperse spiders, bedbugs, termites, cockroaches, ants and flies. To do this, you can use insecticidal aerosols, such as Raptor, Reid, or Combat. These products are sprayed near cracks, cracks, baseboards or potential points of entry of unwanted elements.
Processing should be carried out around the perimeter with a spray range from one to three meters. As a rule, the effect of insecticides has a prolonged nature and lasts about three months, and is also suitable for all types of surface.
For greater confidence in the victory over the enemy, you can treat the cracks and cracks with special insecticidal gels such as Globol, Fas or Sturm. They compare favorably with aerosols in that their toxic ingredients are not contained in the atmosphere of your home, do not require total surface treatment, and are easy to use. The disadvantage of gels is that for the complete destruction of insects will require a longer application of the tool: at best, it may take several weeks.
We only want to remind you that scolopendras may seem terrible, but they are not pests and do not pose a danger. They even help keep other minor aggressors away from our home.