How do you want to fill the garden not only with beautiful colors, but also with scents. Fragrant tobacco is ideal for this purpose. This plant of the family Solanaceae was brought along with potatoes and tomatoes from America and, of course, it is thermophilic. In our climate, this is an annual which blooms from June to autumn frosts.
Most often fragrant tobacco is in white-purple colors. And these are the most fragrant flowers. Now many varieties and hybrids of this amazing plant have been bred. Therefore, you can find a variety of colors. But not all of them are suitable for collecting seeds. Usually this plant is tall (60 cm - 1.5 m), but there are also dwarf varieties (30-40 cm). You can find species that almost never close the whole day. But usually this plant is nocturnal. Fragrant tobacco is a powerful natural phytoncide (with its smell it frightens off many pests not only from itself, but also from its neighbors). Therefore, it is very useful to plant it under the trees and near fruit bushes. He looks very beautiful both independently and in groups.
Fragrant tobacco: photo
How to grow a miracle flower?
Sweet tobacco in the cultivation of seeds is very simple. Therefore, this is the main way of cultivating flowers at home. Tobacco can be grown seedling and seedless, self-sown, it can also bloom in the southern regions. For abundant and early flowering seedlings are used.
How to grow seedlings of fragrant tobacco by yourself?
If you have the opportunity to provide the necessary light-thermal regime, grow the bushes yourself, starting from the last week of February to April. Consider the sequence of works.
- Land preparation for sowing. You can buy a ready-made lightweight primer for indoor flowers. But it is allowed to mix in equal parts sand, compost and earth from the garden. After thorough mixing, warm the soil in the house for a day.
- Sowing and the first shoots. Tobacco seeds are very small, so they are not immersed in the ground, but only slightly pressed and sprinkled with water. Cover with a piece of oilcloth or glass. After 10-14 days, shoots appear. Now you need to make sure that they do not stretch. Therefore, we reduce the temperature to 17-18 degrees and provide 10 hours of daylight. And so on until the appearance of the first 2 true leaves.
- Pickup and preparation for planting. With the advent of 2-4 true leaves, the seedlings are ready for picking. That is, you need to plant each seedling in a separate container, pinching a little thin root. It is important to keep the soil moist, and after 1.5 to 2 weeks, you can fertilize the plants and start hardening them - open the window or carry it to the balcony.
Minor care and a lot of fun
Fragrant tobacco (planting and caring for it) does not take much of your time. When planting, you need to remember that it is better to choose sunny areas, but partial shade is also suitable. In the shade, he tends to stretch. Fragrant tobacco has wide expanding leaves, so you need to maintain a distance of 30-40 cm between the bushes. Land should be plowed up.
Leaving consists in watering, loosening the soil after each flowering, cleaning the flowering buds and pinching on a 3-4 sheet, which will give 4-5 flowering branches instead of 2-3. You can also fertilize plants every 2 weeks with organic fertilizers. This will help maintain flowering until the first frost.
But in winter you can arrange a garden in a pot on the windowsill. To do this, cut the bush by 2/3 and shorten the root. Transplant in a pot and cover with a package (do not forget to air!) And restrict watering. After some time, fragrant tobacco will grow and bloom in winter. You can also choose dwarf varieties and plant seedlings immediately in pots. When the cold comes, just bring them into the house in a cool, well-lit place without drafts.