The saxifrage is a perennial crop, the favorite of gardeners and those who grow mainly indoor plants. Planting and caring for saxifrage do not require a lot of strength, but in garden compositions it is amazingly beautifully in tune with phloxes and tiarellas, and at home the plant attracts attention with its bright, colorful foliage color.
What is attractive saxifrage?
More than 400 subspecies of plants belong to the genus Kamnelomka. All of them are characterized by dense fleshy leaves. The height of the culture reaches a maximum of 20 cm. With age, the leaves begin to emit lime and acquire a grayish-smoky shade. The culture has a complex root system, the leaves grow from the roots and form dense rosettes.
For the first time the plant blooms in 2 years under favorable growing conditions. Flowers can be white, yellow, pink and dark red. The shape of the inflorescence collected in small umbrellas. In nature, saxifrage is found in a temperate climate zone. Under natural conditions, saxifrage grows predominantly on the slopes of the rocks, breaking through the rock mass to the sun, light and heat.
The most common types of saxifrage are the following:
- Arena's saberjack;
- Squabera Bedraren;
- cedarfishes plaiting (indoor);
- stoneworm turfy;
- kamnelomka leathery.
Planting and care of saxifrage in the open field
All types of saxifrage do not tolerate soil with excess moisture. Even a slight stagnation of water can destroy the plant, causing the roots to rot. Therefore, it is best to plant crops in light soil with a good drainage layer. As for the availability of nutrients in the soil, the less nitrogenous fertilizers it has, the better, because from their overabundance, it becomes too susceptible to fungal diseases.
When plants are planted in planting containers, they are filled with a mixture of soil from peat and sand of large fractions or limestone gravel in a ratio of 1: 2. In group plantings, 15 cm of free space is left between the seedlings, as the stonebird grows quite quickly.
Young seedlings are planted in the spring, when the soil is warm enough and the threat of morning frost is bypassed. Transplantation of adult bushes is best done in late summer, when the plant has a flowering period. Transplantation of adult specimens with the division of the bush is desirable to produce every 6 years, because adult plants eventually lose their decorative properties.
Care for garden stone-sawing stones consists in timely watering and fertilizing once a month with superphosphate or complex fertilizers. It is also recommended to mulch the soil around the plants with expanded clay, to loosen the soil. The saxifrage is resistant to the severe frosts of the Russian winter and does not require shelter during the cold period.
Among garden species, Arends’s stonefoil has gained wide popularity, planting and caring for which is as simple as for other species. It is attractive with bright, variegated leaf color and high resistance to diseases and pests, as well as easy reproduction. It is from this type that it is advisable to begin your acquaintance with stonefrag
Features of growing indoor plants
Indoor culture is grown primarily as an ampelous plant. It feels most comfortable in the penumbra. Under the influence of direct sunlight, its leaves lose their bright pattern and turn white. Culture is resistant to temperature extremes, so in the summer it can be carried out on a balcony or loggia.
The saxifrage requires moderate watering. Waterlogging is unacceptable. Water the plants at room temperature. To allow the drying of the soil in the pot is also impossible.
The saxifrage responds well to spraying water. This is especially useful in summer and winter, when the air in the room becomes too dry.
The best container for culture is a shallow flat bowl. In one pot you can plant several plants. Then the stonefish will take a decorative look faster, releasing many mustaches with new tiny rosettes of leaves. Kamnelom is transplanted when the former container becomes small for an overgrown root system.
The soil for culture should consist of a mixture of coarse sand and peat (2: 1 ratio). Good drainage is a must. This is the main condition for the successful growth of saxifrage.
In the active period of growth and flowering, the plant is fed every month with mineral fertilizers. If the nutrients are not enough and the petioles of the plant become strongly drawn out, feeding can be carried out more often - 1 time in 2 weeks. In winter, the feeding is carried out no more than once in 2 months.
The saxifrage is well seated on the rosettes and the division of the adult bush. Seed propagation is rarely used. Outlets from an adult culture are cut off only after it has faded. Small rosettes with leaves immediately rooted in moist soil in a small container. When they take root, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Good to know!
Planting and caring for saxifrage is an easy and enjoyable experience. Dried flowers and leaves must be removed so that it retains decorative for a long time. The plant is rarely sick, resistant to pests. But under adverse growth conditions and high soil moisture may be subject to fungal diseases.
Garden species of saxifrage look very impressive on the alpine hills. For its growth it is enough to sprinkle stony soil with nutritious soil and plant young specimens.
Easy planting and easy care for saber-saws made her the favorite of all gardeners without exception. Unpretentious, ideally adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia, it will effectively decorate your garden or apartment. A bright and long flowering will surely turn your home into a real corner of the heavenly nature.