Sansevieria is one of the most common indoor plants belonging to the Agave family. There are about 70 of its species. Under natural conditions, the plant grows on the rocky soils of savannas, deserts and semi-deserts of tropical and subtropical Africa, India, South Florida, Indonesia, Madagascar.
Only in the 18th century Sansevieria began to grow at home. Since this flower is unpretentious, it is often used for gardening office space, as well as inexperienced gardeners.
Meet the beautiful sansevieria!
Three-lane Sansevieria is an unpretentious plant that feels great in the shade and in the sun. Comes from wild species that live in moderately arid and harsh semi-desert conditions. The height of the flower can reach 100 cm. The plant is a perennial with a thick, creeping rhizome, from which grow xiphoid, erect, dark green leaves with transverse dark stripes. Flowers are small, white-green, collected in a long brush, with a pleasant smell. Three-way Sansevieria blooms in spring and autumn.
Cylindrical Sansevieria - a beautiful plant with dark green cylindrical leaves, with a deep longitudinal groove. Long obliquely ascending, rooting, hard shoots covered with triangular leaves emerge from the sinuses of the lower leaves. Flowers are collected in racemes, creamy white, in the upper part have a red tint. The plant is known from the middle of the 19th century.
Sansevieria laurenti is the most common type of home sansevieria. In the West, it is often called the Snake Plant for the peculiar color of the leaves. The leaves grow vertically upwards, have a pleasant dark green color with a beautiful pattern, and a clear yellow stripe runs along the edge of the leaf. White flowers appear at the base of plants in the form of dense spike panicles, but the main decoration is beautiful sword-shaped leaves up to 1 meter high.
Sansevieria is short - she is called Hanni in a different way. This plant is distinguished by its small size. The maximum height reaches 30 cm. The leaves have a dark green color, are short and bent, together form a rosette in the shape of a vase. This type of sansevieria was bred artificially in 1941 by an amateur grower, Hann, based on sansevierilauaurenti. In honor of the gardener and the plant got its name.
Sansevieria: basic rules of care
Sansevieria is a fairly unpretentious and hardy plant, so anyone can take care of it. Despite this, there are a few simple rules, following which you grow a beautiful plant.
This plant is light-loving enough, but it will feel great even in low light. However, good lighting is a guarantee of intense leaf color and health. The ideal location for sansevieria is the windows facing east or west. If you put it on the south side, limit the amount of light, if on the north side - provide additional lighting.
Sansevieria is very unpretentious to temperature: it grows well in warm and cool rooms. However, if the temperature drops below 14 degrees, the plant stops flowering and growing, and also undergoes various diseases. The temperature at which sansevieria grows will determine the nature of irrigation. In the warm season and warm temperatures need to regularly moisten the soil. In cold weather and at low temperatures, watering is minimized (1 time in 3 weeks). Be sure to control the amount of water for irrigation, as its excess can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the entire plant. Due to insufficient watering, the plant will become sluggish, and the leaves will grow dull and wither.
As for humidity, it can not be maintained: the dry air of the room will not damage the plant. But sometimes you still need to arrange shower sansevierii and wipe leaves from dust. When selecting a substrate for cultivation, give preference to a mixture of 4 parts of turf land, 2 parts of leaf land and 1 part of sand. If you additionally add humus or peat, you can increase the nutritional value of the substrate, which will favorably affect the growth and health of the plant. To ensure friability and good breathability, it is useful to add pebbles or any other baking powder.
Even with proper care and primer sansevierii need fertilizer. You can take top dressing, which is used for growing cacti or mineral dressings for indoor plants. It is desirable that the fertilizer contains less nitrogen compared to the concentration of other substances. It is recommended that fertilizer be fertilized only during the period of active growth once a month.
Transplantation is another type of care for sansevieria. It must be carried out annually by young plants. Adult plants are transplanted only when necessary, when the roots begin to protrude from the ground. For transplantation, it is better to choose a pot that is not too deep, but wide enough. Before transplanting sansevieriya, should prepare a good drainage. At the bottom of the pot can be placed claydite, broken shards, crushed stone or gravel. Drainage will contribute to the removal of excess water from the pot, which will prevent the displacement of oxygen from the plant and the decay of the roots.
Sansevieria is a popular home plant that impresses with its unpretentiousness, endurance, and beauty. It is often grown in offices, and many novice growers are practiced precisely on this flower. There is a popular sign that by growing sansevieria at home, you provoke a family into gossip and quarrels, however, according to feng shui, the plant is able to absorb negative thoughts and phenomena.