Room jasmine, home care for which does not require any special skills, want to grow many plant growers. This plant belongs to the genus of olive trees and is an incredibly cute and gentle liana. A small white or pink flower of indoor jasmine looks quite simple, but it exudes a divine scent. In addition, some species of this plant are able to bloom even in winter, filling the room with a wonderful fragrance.
The aroma of jasmine flowers is not only surprisingly sweet and pleasant, but also has beneficial properties for humans. Many people note that thanks to the plant that blooms in the room, they quickly get rid of insomnia, headaches and even migraines. In addition, this scent adjusts in a positive way and helps to forget about problems and troubles.
Compared with other known plants, such as ficus or asparagus, it is not so easy to grow indoor jasmine, therefore it is not suitable for beginner growers. But if you have at least some experience in growing plants at home, you can easily acquire this shrub.
What varieties of indoor jasmine can be grown at home?
There are more than 200 varieties of this plant in nature. Meanwhile, not all of them are able to grow in an apartment. Most often at home planted the following varieties of indoor jasmine:
- grandiflora jasmine or medicinal. This type of evergreen shrub can grow up to 10 meters in length. It blooms very long and colorful, almost the whole plant is covered with pretty beautiful white flowers. Usually it is woven around the support, giving the bush the necessary shape. The plant will have to be cut annually, otherwise its stem will begin to bare;
- the multi-flowered jasmine variety is very similar to the previous one, but its flowers are slightly smaller and pink in color;
- golotsvetkovy jasmine is so called because every year from January to March, it drops all the leaves. At the same time, only bright yellow flowers remain on the plant stems;
- Sambac - a variety of jasmine, which came to us from India. It is distinguished from other species by year-round flowering, in which an incredibly pleasant aroma spreads throughout the apartment. Sambac flowers have a rather original reddish color.
How to care for a plant?
In order for room jasminism to settle down in your home, it is necessary to properly prepare the soil before planting it. To do this, mix sand, deciduous and clay-turf soil types in equal proportions. You can also take 3 parts of clay soil and 1 part of peat.
The shrub is very unfavorable to lime - it must be watered with acidified water, which was settled for at least 24 hours. It is moisture-loving, so it needs to be watered often enough. However, it takes only a little to overdo it - and the plant will rot very quickly. During the flowering period, try to water the jasmine every 4-5 days, and the rest of the time - no more than 1 time per week.
In the hot season, jasmine is best grown in the garden or on the balcony. If this is not possible, put it on the windowsill, but make sure that the direct sunlight does not burn the leaves. In addition, regularly spray the green pet with clean water from a spray bottle. In winter, the pot with this plant should be placed as far as possible from the heating devices. Do not allow drafts: jasmine can very quickly catch a cold and wither.
The optimal air temperature for an exotic guest is 16-18 degrees. However, it can fairly easily tolerate any temperature in the range from +8 to +23.
In summer and spring, the shrub must be fed with special liquid fertilizers intended for this species. This is desirable to do 1 time in 2 weeks.
At least once a year, in early spring, indoor jasmine (especially its medicinal variety or sambac) must be trimmed. If you want to get a shrub pruning plant can be done 3-4 times a year. To do this, use a sharp knife to remove the twigs with flowers and pinch off the tops. Pruning stimulates the emergence of young side shoots and has a beneficial effect on flowering.
What to do, if jasmine does not bloom?
Most often this shrub does not bloom for the following reasons:
- too high or, conversely, low air temperature;
- lack of moisture;
- lack of light;
- excess lime;
- too acidic soil;
- deepening of a neck of a trunk when landing more than on 3 cm.
If your indoor jasmine does not bloom at all or blooms, but not as abundantly as you would like, you should, first of all, find out the reason. Depending on the situation, it is necessary to transplant a flower or revise care.
As a rule, indoor jasmine propagated by cuttings. To do this, cut off the tops of the shoots with a length of 10-15 cm with 2-3 internodes and keep them in water at room temperature for about 1.5 months.
Before planting young shoots, the soil is prepared from a mixture of 1 part of sand and 3 parts of leafy ground. Next, young plants are planted in medium-sized containers. It is necessary to spray them as often as possible, water from time to time, avoid direct exposure to sunlight. When shoots begin to appear, shrubs are planted already in large pots intended for permanent cultivation.
How can I use indoor jasmine?
If an incredibly beautiful and fragrant plant grows in your home, you can not only enjoy the wonderful smell, but also find a more “tangible” use for it. Most often, dry petals of jasmine flowers are added to black or green tea, thereby obtaining not only a tasty, but also a healthy drink.
In addition, jasmine gives an unusual flavor and exquisite taste to various desserts. For example, you can make ice cream with its flowers. To do this, the petals are placed in a saucepan, pour in cold water and leave so at room temperature for 3-4 hours. Then add sugar and cinnamon to the jasmine infusion, put the pan on the stove and bring to a boil. After that, the dishes must be removed from the stove, cooled, added to this mixture whipped egg whites and rum, mix all the ingredients and put the resulting mass in the freezer.
If the dried flowers of jasmine in the room are poured with vegetable oil and left for several weeks, then you will get a wonderful infusion for the skin, which improves its condition and helps with many skin diseases.
Thus, for anyone who wants to grow a beautiful flowering plant in a pot, indoor jasmine is perfect, taking care of yourself at home is not difficult. Having spent quite a bit of time and effort, you can fill your house with a wonderful aroma that will give it an atmosphere of comfort and harmony.