Rhodiola rosea got its specific name due to the similarity of the smell of a freshly broken rhizome with the smell of a rose.Rhodiola rosea, or golden root, is a popular medicinal plant. Substances contained in it, stimulate the nervous system, and also increase the body's resistance to adverse environmental influences.
Description of rhodiody pink
Rhodiola rosea is a perennial herbaceous dioecious plant. It has a thick rhizome with few roots and a lot of renewal buds. The second name - the golden root - Rhodiola received due to the golden glow of rhizome. The stems and leaves of the plant are fleshy, juicy. Stems erect, not branched, up to half a meter tall. The leaves are entire, pointed, oblong-ovate, the upper ones often larger than the lower ones. The flowers are small, yellow, gathered in corymbose inflorescences on top of the stem.
Male and female flowers are located on different plants. Rhodiola blooms in late May - early June. Fruits - leaflets. Seeds are small, ripen in late June - in July.
- Choose for Rhodiola outdoor sunny area in the garden. Rhodiola grows well in ordinary garden cultivated land. Better suit her light sandy soil. Sand should be added to heavy and clay soils.
- Rhodiola must be watered moderately, evenly. Often the rhizome bulges above the soil surface. To close it periodically sprinkle the ground or a little spud plant.
- The golden root is propagated by seeds and vegetatively. We must remember that Rhodiola has male and female plants. Therefore, if during reproduction in a vegetative way, the plants did not form seeds, you have individuals of only one sex. Segments of rhizomes five centimeters long with a pair of renewal buds are planted in the ground. The kidneys should be below the ground not more than one and a half centimeters.
But more often, Rhodiola is propagated by seed. The best seed to sow in October. For sowing in spring, stratification of seeds at a temperature of 0 ° C is needed for one month. For this seed, there are two ways. The first is to mix the seeds with sand, put it in a box and bury it in the snow. The second is to wrap the seeds in cheesecloth, moisten them and put them in a dish in the refrigerator.
When sowing in spring, stratified seeds germinate very quickly. For germination only a temperature of 15 ° C -20 ° C is needed. Before sowing seedlings, the ground must be very carefully treated from weeds. Seedlings need watering and pritenyat. Rhodiola, grown from seeds, blooms in the second or third year of life.
Pests and Rhodiola Diseases
Rhodiola affect insects such as Badanov and sedy weevils.
If you find badan weevil larvae, remove them, and rhizome (on which they are parasitic) soak in a solution of salt for ten minutes.
Sedum weevil parasitizes the nanostem parts of the plant. If the number of beetles is up to five on one bush, then you should not treat the plants with special means. Beetles just collect and destroy.
Use of Rhodiola Rosea
Golden root is grown as an ornamental plant in various flower gardens, for alpine hills and rockeries. Rhodiola is also used in folk medicine (its root is used). Sometimes on the market, instead of pink rhodiola, they sell certain types of stonecrop (large stonecrop). Rhodiola is easy to distinguish from them: the rhizome of it has a golden or metallic glow, and when it is scraped, a lemon-yellow layer appears. Yes, and the smell of rhizome resembles the smell of a rose.
By choosing Rhodiola Rosea for your garden, you will not only beautify its appearance, but also be able to strengthen the health of your loved ones with folk remedies based on a golden root.
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