Coniferous plants, perhaps, were once associated only with the forest. Today, they honored to occupy the niche of dacha residents and even settled in apartments. Often planted thuja. It takes up little space, requires almost no maintenance, and easily reproduces.
Growing thuya from cuttings: process features
There are 2 breeding opportunities for thuja: cuttings and seeds. The second is much more convenient. From seed shoots are obtained with much greater probability. But such a method of growing a thuja, if you wish to use it as a living fencing, does not always give the desired result. Often this leads to deformation of the whole structure. Yes, and with the variety is not always possible to guess.
If it is required, for example, to create a whole alley of identical trees, it is necessary to grow and plant them using the vegetative method. Another nuance is stratification. Each coniferous culture requires a certain period for this, and in the case of the thuja, it is necessary to wait sometimes as much as 6 years. During the entire period, the seeds will first live under the snow, and then the seedlings will begin to slowly stretch, gathering strength. But their stamina in the end, pretty please. They will become stronger than those that were planted by the vegetative method. And yet, reproduction of thuja cuttings is more profitable and reasonable, albeit somewhat more expensive in terms of effort.
It is possible to develop the root system of thuja cuttings not only in a variety of special formulations, but also in a jar of clean water. Its volume should be such that the height does not exceed the phalanx of the index finger. The bank does not put more than 3 cuttings at once. If grafting is necessary for more trees, a greenhouse will help. It must maintain a certain humidity (70%) and a sufficient amount of light. In the absence of a natural source, fluorescents are used.
In addition, the grafted handle must be constantly ventilated so that its root system does not rot. The rest of the needles should not touch the substrate. Optimal depth of not more than 3 cm: this size is sufficient for proper development of the roots.
How to propagate Tui cuttings?
- First of all, it is necessary to wait for the onset of autumn, because at other times of the year the vegetative propagation method is not suitable for the species. Attempts to do this in a warm period lead to a quick drying of the cutting. The root system simply does not have time to develop. In a young tree (not more than 3 years old) side shoots are selected. The length should be 50 cm. To get the correct lower edge, the cutting is cut off with a sharp movement or cut off along the oblique.
- Part of the shoot to the width of the palm below loses all existing needles. After that, for 3-5 hours it is worth sending it to a container with water. During this time, prepare another vessel filled with turf and peat, as well as river sand. The proportions between the components of the substrate are equal. The soil is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and cuttings are planted in it. They will be located in a transparent greenhouse with previously specified conditions for humidity and light.
- Watering gardeners recommend replacing spraying. As for the moment of transplantation, it comes only after the tree has fully rooted and hardened. On warm days, containers are carried out on the open balcony. Their time in the air increases smoothly. Gardeners recommend starting with 15 minutes, bringing to 10-12 hours.
- Only after hardening and strengthening the root system, the thuja is transplanted either to the summer cottage or to a more spacious pot. This is done by the method of closed roots, when around them there is still enough land. If the plant is transplanted into the open ground, then with the onset of cold, the soil around it is necessarily insulated with spruce branches and leaves. Then the tree itself is protected by covering material. So it will be necessary to take care of it the first 2-3 g, if it is winter-hardy.
Thuja: planting, care and reproduction
Particular attention is paid to landing at the dacha. The depth of the hole, dug under the strengthened sapling, should reach 70 cm. Let this figure not be frightening, especially if the tree itself is not yet 1 m in height. When filling the notch, part of the depth is leveled. Drainage is poured to the bottom. It will prevent stagnation in the rainy season. Then water is added to the same place. The plant "sits down". Its root neck will not go low after the substrate has settled, but it will not be bare. This factor will be the guarantor of the correct and long growth of the tree.
Those who are going to create a landscape composition from thuja should be aware that it is not worthwhile to plant several trees closely. They grow very actively. Next year they will be crowded. The halo around each of them is in the range of 1-2.5 m. As a result, the distance between adjacent specimens will be 2-5 m.
Asian beauty with a dense crown, characterized by high density, in the past 15 years, actively grown in the middle lane. This tree can even be dwarf - from a force of 30 cm in height. This allows him to "sit down" on the windowsill in the apartment. Larger copies easily mastered in the garden. There, after simple manipulations, they become one of the best decorative elements. Due to the simplicity of cutting and shaping the crown, the number of landscape compositions in which you can use thuja is inexorably growing.
She has a lot of varieties. Even extremely frost-resistant, tolerating a decrease in temperature to -45 ° C, have been derived. Therefore, the question of planting Tui in the middle lane is resolved. Those kinds of it that do not feel too much cold, adventurous gardeners are initially grown in large portable containers. They are brought into the heated room for the winter. More resistant varieties allow either to bend the trunk to the ground so that it is completely covered with snow, or to wrap them with a cloth and tie them up. The latter is required to maintain the tender twigs in the original state. From falling snow they can simply break.
In addition, too bright sun, characteristic of spring in some regions, also requires covering material for Tui. Here in the course goes the white fabric, which has the ability to reflect the rays. And for this reason in the apartment thuja should not live on those window-sills that are too bright. At the cottage should determine the tree in partial shade.
Tuyu likes abundant watering. It is recommended not to exercise it very often, but with high quality. Optimal daily watering in the morning. Thuja will not refuse from the shower with a hose, affecting the tree from the crown to the base of the trunk. This will not only refresh it, but also deprive of dust, small insects and other troubles. If it grows in an apartment, then you can put a container with a tree in the bathroom and pour it from the shower. It is also worth it plentifully spray from the spray.
Top dressing, unlike watering, is not so relevant. For the purpose of prophylaxis, gardeners recommend introducing a little complex fertilizer into the substrate. But basically it is required for a plant located in an apartment, where the earth cannot be renewed independently, and there is no place to draw nutrients. At the summer cottage there is no special point in working with fertilizers for thuja.
Reproduction of thuja cuttings is not such a difficult task. Even if this is your first year as a grower, and you have never tried a vegetative method before, you should not expect a bad result. If you follow all the above tips, the process will go smoothly.