Many flowers have a connection with the ancient myths and legends of any people. But as many stories as told about young, did not add up to any of the plants. In the Middle Ages, it was settled on the roof, believing that this would help protect the house from lightning. The tradition has reached the present time, but for aesthetic reasons.
Rejuvenated: stone rose at their summer cottage
This flower has long been called a stone rose, which is quite justified. An exotic plant, often mistaken for a cactus, revealing its petals, really has a lot of similarity with a full-blown rose bud. But it looks more rough, as if carved out of stone. In other nations, it is called hare cabbage, again, because of the visual similarity with the small-headed cabbage.
The rosette of a flower consists not of petals, but of fleshy dense pointed leaves-triangles, sometimes with a matte wax coating, and sometimes with a touch of a short gun. It is noteworthy that it also differs in shape: cobwebs, needles or even small stars - the edges of the leaves are varied. In regions with a sharp continental climate, dew accumulates on them after nighttime, which is absorbed a little later. Thus, the young stockpiles moisture inside, and in the case of drought, it does not create its deficit.
The rhizome of most varieties is quite powerful, but there are also compact lobes capable of absorbing nutrients. Moreover, even if the roots break, they grow back from the injury site. Therefore, an unsuccessful plant transplant will not be disastrous for him. Moreover, the stock of trace elements in the leaves of young leaves constantly updates, which contributes to its survival in almost any conditions.
The plant belongs to the family of pulpwood and arrived in Europe from the south-eastern part of Asia. Also often found in the Caucasus. Given its unpretentiousness, young people are getting accustomed, even in mountainous terrain, which makes it a frequent inhabitant of rock gardens and house roofs, on barren soil. He is not afraid of rain and drought, as well as pests, it is not susceptible to disease. In addition, the stone rose has medicinal properties: various parts of the plant are used for decoctions, ointments and tinctures. Due to such features, young gardeners choose a young, wishing to have a spectacular flora on the site, but without any difficulties with care. Dense carpet, not shedding leaves, not losing attractiveness and always green - an indispensable detail of any alpine slide.
Nevertheless, there are some nuances in its cultivation that affect not only the condition of the plant, but its appearance: color of leaves, shape, size. And, of course, each variety has a number of features, depending on which the rules for caring for them change.
Seasoned: photos of flowers and tips on growing
- Although in most cases the young has a green tint with edges that are barely touched by purple, there are varieties with burgundy, purple, yellow, pink and crimson. Opened petals, leaves expose long stamens. Each variety blooms in its month, the duration of this period is more than 8 weeks.
- The seeds of most varieties can be lowered into the ground in March, after 1-2 weeks they will germinate and root in the substrate. And in July, they move to the area where it is planned to create a carpet of stone roses. If sowing is carried out in the roof, further transplants, of course, will not be required.
- Diseases of the young are not terrible, but there are frequent invasions of birds adoring these fleshy leaves. Also rhizomes can damage the larvae of Maybirds. The latter is stopped by the annual movement of the plant to a new place. It is somewhat more difficult to fight with birds: for this, it is recommended to either treat bushes with means whose smell will scare away pests, or plant plants with the same function next to a stone rose. Only here we must not forget that they should not give a shadow on the young.
Subtleties of planting and plant care
- In the issue of growing young, it is particularly unpretentious, and therefore this, exotic at first glance, the plant will succumb even to a novice gardener. Its only requirement is a well-lit area. If it gets direct sunlight, the carpet will grow actively, and the hues of peduncles will be bright. The location of the young in the shadow zone will affect its growth: the sockets will increase in volume, but the saturation of their color will fall, the varieties will mix, becoming a single green tint, the other nuances of color will disappear.
- It is recommended that the soil for stone roses is not fertile and very light. Ideal sandy areas or having a significant proportion of sand in its composition. Additionally, they are carefully drained, helping to reduce the risk of stagnant water. Drought for this plant is preferable to waterlogging. Since, as previously mentioned, it accumulates moisture in its own leaves. If there is an excess of it, begin to die radical leaves and increases the likelihood of rotting rhizomes. For the same reason, watering is required only at the time of planting.
- Experienced gardeners are advised to introduce lime or ash into the substrate in order to shift the pH. And the most ideal option for molodil is considered rocky terrain. For the same reason, there are frequent cases of his landing in the roof, where, of course, a certain amount of land is added.
- Planting a stone rose is simple: most often it is produced by cutting. At the same time, even if the root system did not have time to develop qualitatively, it will do it, having already appeared in the ground. Season can be any, but it is not recommended to plant young in the fall: most likely in the spring the roots come out of the soil. The size of the rosettes is considered to be a factor influencing the survival rate of the plant: only young individuals, small in size, are suitable for planting. Those that have reached their final parameters often die immediately after flowering, without giving fruit. It is impossible to change this algorithm set by nature.
- Sockets are distributed so as to withstand a free zone of 15 cm between them: this distance is enough for expansion without an influx. In some varieties, the value varies in a big way, if the length of their shoots is large. At the same time, it is allowed to transfer a stone rose without digging it out in single copies. The desired group is planted on a shovel with the preservation of a 5 cm layer of earth and moved to a new place. In addition, flowering will continue as usual for the plant, and will not move for a year. And the need to rid the sapling of weeds will disappear: with its rosettes a young one will be crushed by any weed.
Rejuvenated roofing: features of the plant
The reproduction of this plant is quite interesting: in the axils of the lower leaves of the maternal rosette appearances appear, topped with a bud. Later, young plants will appear from it, first receiving all the nutrients along the stem. Then slowly growing roots. At this point, they can be moved to a new site. If this is not done, they will be woven into the already existing carpet, gradually separating from the mother outlet.
At the same time, the outlet is fruited only once, and when it reaches 3 years old, it loses this ability. Its stem is gaining height, leaves appear on it, smaller in size than those at the roots. Gradually a large peduncle (up to 30 cm) is formed, capable of having the shape of a cylinder or a pyramid. At its apex, the corymbose (less commonly, racemose) inflorescence is revealed. At this age, young ceases to bear fruit, remaining until the very end of a purely ornamental plant.
However, seeds appear in it as soon as the flower dries out. For further reproduction they are not suitable - very small, comparable to dust. Even if they fall down on the ground, they will not germinate on their own. Therefore, dying flower stalks and stems can be destroyed without regret, pulling out or cutting. At the same time it is desirable to hold nearby sockets in order not to damage. Communication in the general carpet in young is high. There is no need to cover the empty space that has formed - it will drag out on its own in a short time, since, by analogy with the roots, new sockets will appear at the place of the removed old ones.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the question of dressing: stone rose is a rare plant that does not need it. Otherwise, it will be followed by too active growth, which, more often than not, is not necessary.
It was extremely attractive not only from the aesthetic side, but also in relation to its cultivation. The plant is unpretentious, can grow even on stony soils and roofs of buildings. The flower is excellent without top dressing and watering. It can be successfully entered into the decor of any suburban area. It looks especially profitable on the alpine hills.