Radermahera is a plant of the Begonia family, in nature there are approximately 15 of its species. Officially, it was opened by scientists only in the 20th century. And it happened so late due to the fact that the mountainous regions of China and the southeastern part of Asia, where mostly the Rydermahera grows, were closed to the inhabitants of Europe.
This plant received its name in honor of the Dutch naturalist Jacob Radermacher, he in the 18th century. participated in the creation of a catalog of unusual species. Another reader is sometimes called a snake tree, a Chinese doll, or a Chinese stereosperm. In the wild, this evergreen plant can sometimes reach a height of 15-30 m, every year the seedling grows up to 2-3 m in height. In China, this radermacher is called an emerald tree because of its rich green crown.
What is special about chinese radermahera?
In fact, only this type of radermaher is grown at home. The tree is very fast growing and can reach a height of 1 m, and sometimes more. The leaves of this rodermacher are of bright green color, on top they are covered with a brilliant waxy coating. This gives the plant an extra decorative look and a special beauty.
The sheet is notched along the edge and pointed at the tip; it has a peristosyllabic structure. A pot in which several plants of various heights are planted will look especially impressive. You can also plant a live screen out of the rodermacher by tying its stems to a wooden trellis, thus dividing parts of the room.
Home care for the plant
This culture blooms with small yellow flowers, their aroma is similar to the aroma of cloves. At home, the plant blooms quite rarely. Some flower growers believe that only those individuals who have reached the age of 15 can blossom. And the flowers themselves open only at night, in the wild it attracts moths, which are involved in the process of pollination.
The root system of the plant develops quickly, so the growing specimen must be replanted at least once a year. A new pot should be about 2 times larger than the previous one. The roots themselves must either be cut or laid on the bottom of the pot. It is better to use the last option, the root system of this plant even love such oppression. And in order for the radermahera to start branching, it should be pinched a little above. Too large-scale cultures need to be transplanted 1 time in 3 years.
Soil for the radermahyr need to choose fertile and prepared. An excellent option would be the following substrate: 1 part of the peat bog, 1 part of the sod, 1 part of the humus, 2 parts of the ground leaf and some sand. At the bottom of the pot is better to do drainage, so that water can flow freely.
Radermahera is adapted to growth and development even in the northern part of the room in partial shade, but still she loves scattered bright light more. Therefore, the pot with the plant should be placed in the east and west sides. Southern windows will have to be artificially shaded so that the flower grows well and develops. In winter, the plant needs to provide maximum coverage. After all, if the sun is not enough for him, the internodes (distances between the segments of the leaves) can be drawn out and it will outwardly resemble a liana.
Radermahera also needs uniform circular illumination, if the rays of the sun fall only on one side of the plant, his crown may be damaged. To achieve such lighting, the flower pot should be rotated regularly.
In addition to the lighting, the radermacher needs space, because of this its placement on a narrow windowsill will be inappropriate. She will feel good on a table or a balcony door. In the summer, the flower can be brought out onto the veranda, balcony or garden, and it must be ensured that the rays of the midday hot sun do not fall on it.
In spring and summer, the plant should be watered abundantly and also regularly pay attention to the top layer of soil. In the autumn, watering is reduced, and in winter it becomes moderate, that is, it will be necessary to water the flower after the soil dries out after a couple of days. It is impossible to overdry soil, as well as overmoisten. Watering is recommended to carry out soft, pre-settled water. The leaves also need to be moistened - they can be sprayed with a spray bottle.
Rules for feeding and breeding
- In early spring, the radermahera needs feeding. You can start this process from the end of winter: 1 time in 3 weeks the flower must be watered with a special solution of complex fertilizers. Even in the ground, you can pour dry cow dung. In the fall feeding should be stopped.
- During the growing season, indoors with the plant, the temperature should be maintained in the region of 20-25 degrees, but it can completely winter at room temperature. But it is better to create a relatively cool environment for him - about 16-18 degrees and sometimes to ventilate the room.
- The air of the Rydermahera likes moist. In order to create the most optimal conditions for the growth and development of a flower, a pot with it can be put on a stand with wet expanded clay or pebbles, while the bottom of a pot of water should not touch. It is also good sometimes to arrange a radermacher shower, because in the wild it often falls under tropical showers.
- In addition to the fact that this plant can be purchased in many flower shops, it reproduces well at home. There are several options for this: seed reproduction, using cuttings that take root in the soil or using stem cuttings. Since it is difficult to get the seeds of a plant, it is often propagated by the radermacher using cuttings or cuttings.
- Cuttings can be cut off at the end of spring or summer, and after it is necessary to root them in mixed or sandy soil, the roots appear very quickly, especially in the heat. It is recommended to plant in the pot 2-4 cuttings with roots formed on them. Cuttings can be obtained from the upper part of the plant. To obtain them, you need to slant the trunk slightly below the last leaves. Then you need to insert a sliver into this slice so that it does not begin to overgrow. After the cut should be treated with phytohormone and overlaid with a wet mixture of sand and peat. Moreover, the soil should be wrapped in foil and fixed around the cut. A few weeks later, when the roots are formed, the top of the stem should be cut, and the seedling itself should be planted in a pot.
- When propagated by cuttings, the new plant takes root pretty quickly. To do this, the shoot must be cut into pieces and several nodes, the ends of the same cuttings must be treated with phytohormones. Then the cuttings should be planted in a pot with nutritious soil. After they should be sprinkled with water, cover with perforated film on top and put in a bright warm place. After the first roots, the cuttings need to otsadit 2-3 pieces. in each pot.
What diseases are characteristic of radermahery?
Like other indoor plants, the reader can become infected with various diseases or attacks of pests - aphids, mealy worms and spider mites. If the flower was hit by these pests, then the diseased shoots and leaves should be removed, and the plant itself should be washed with water with the addition of a couple of drops of liquid soap. Problem areas of the radermahery can be cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.
If the plant began to infect a mealybug, the leaves and stems of the flower should be treated with insecticidal agents. During the period of such attacks or during illness, the flower should be fed with mineral fertilizers.
If the radermahera began to dry, its leaves turned black, began to fall or even worse - she began to dump them herself, then this may indicate that there are serious problems. The leaves of this plant fall for several reasons: too dry air, lack of light or food. But all this is completely fixable: to increase the amount of light, the pot should be moved to another place, with too dry air, it should be moistened, and with a lack of food, the flower should be fed.
In general, the radermahera, though it cleans the air, will not be able to tolerate exhaust fumes and dust for a long time. In terms of temperature, it takes root very much, but non-compliance with the rules of care can lead to the most disastrous consequences. This flower is very sensitive to odors and the purity of the air itself. Dryness and dust in the atmosphere will adversely affect its development and growth, so if suddenly in the room with the plant will undergo repairs, then the reader should be moved to another place. It is even better not to put it near the tables with cosmetics, where varnishes, perfumes and colognes are often used. This plant is not on friendly terms with the smell of tobacco and will not be acclimated on the window from which it can contact with the exhaust gases.
Radermahera: a selection of photos
Radermahera is a beautiful and unusual indoor plant. It does not require too close attention to itself, but this does not mean that it will properly grow and develop by itself. Follow this homely beauty, so that she will delight you with her appearance for a long time!