The quarantus is a medicinal perennial plant that is perfect for gardening summer cottages and various premises, which they began to cultivate from the 18th century. It belongs to the kutrov family and can grow up to 1.5 m in height. Indonesia is considered the birthplace of quarantus. In open areas, it is recommended to grow this plant only in warm regions, as in other places the flower will not be able to survive the winter.
Quarantus: growing from seed at home
The most common among gardeners are the quarantus ampelous and the quarantus pink. The technology of growing from the seeds of these 2 species is no different. Quarantus is valued not only for its beautiful flowering, but also for its medicinal properties. It consists of alkaloids, which are part of drugs for the treatment of oncology.
In our region, it is almost impossible to buy an adult plant, but you can buy seeds. Growing quarantine from seeds is simple. They are planted on seedlings in early spring. Capacities for choose shallow with a lid. Choose a substrate with a high content of peat, then add a little perlite. Periodically moisten the soil and maintain the air temperature in the room at least 22 degrees. If you have containers with a lid, cover them to create a greenhouse, if not, use glass or plastic. The first shoots should appear in a week.
When leaves appear, you can transplant sprouts in separate containers. So that the water does not stagnate in the pot and does not provoke root rot, take care of good drainage (put sand, shards, claydite, etc.) at the bottom of the pot. Picks are carried out in fertile and acidic soil. The ideal option would be a mixture of sand, humus, sod, leaf soil and peat in the ratio of 0.5: 1: 2: 2: 1. Weeks after 2 after the transplant of quarantus, he needs to make complex fertilizers.
Quarantus: features of care
When all activities for growing seedlings will be completed, you can plant them in open ground at a permanent place of growth or plant them in flower pots and put them at home. This plant likes well-lit areas, but be sure to limit it from direct sunlight. For planting carantus is better to give preference to the eastern and western side of the garden. The flower prefers moderate watering, but high humidity. It is necessary to regularly spray the quarantine.
In spring and summer and during flowering, ensure that the plant has a temperature regime of 22 to 27 degrees; in winter and autumn, during dormancy, the temperature for the quarantus can be maintained between 13 and 18 degrees. Each year, the plant needs to be transplanted, and if this is not done on time, its roots will intertwine with each other and around the soil, and the plant itself will begin to weaken, flowering will stop, the leaves will turn yellow and fall off. The shoots of the cataractus are quite strongly drawn out, and in order to avoid this, in spring they are cut off by about 1/3 of them. In the spring, do not forget to make universal feeding 2 times a month. Pay attention to the leaves of the quarantine - if you notice pests, get rid of them in a timely manner.
Quarantus is a beautiful plant, the flowers of which look like flox inflorescences. It is familiar to gardeners from different countries, but it grows particularly well in warm areas. The leaves of the plant are rather elongated, beautiful and with white veins. Flowers of quarantus reach a diameter of 3 cm and can be painted in a variety of colors. The plant looks great in the gardens, in flower pots on the balcony and windowsill.