Physalis is called the Chinese lantern, cherry cherry, Peruvian gooseberry and Mexican tomato. Its bright orange fruit is pleasing to the eye and uplifting. This exotic plant can be cultivated in the climate of the middle zone.
How to grow Physalis?
Physalis loves a rich, organic-rich soil containing calcium. Plant care consists of weeding and fertilizer every 3 weeks. At the same time, organic and mineral supplements should be alternated.
Physalis has a great nutritional need.. It can grow in bright sun, in partial shade, and on moderately moist soils.
Physalis blooms when its entire stem is covered with small faded flowers and toothed leaves. The most beautiful plant in the fruit, namely from the end of August to the beginning of frost.
It is popular in floristics to create bright autumn arrangements, as well as the original dried flowers.
From each bush Physalis really get at least 3 kg of fruit.They have a pleasant specific taste, are used to prepare many dishes. In addition, the fruits have healing properties. Especially they are recommended to be used by those who suffer from chronic kidney diseases (it is believed that Physalis absorbs stones well).
How to propagate Physalis?
Physalis is propagated both by seed and vegetatively.Its seeds are sown in March or April. They emerge very slowly, within 30 days. A month later, they need to dive into individual pots, and in June, seedlings are already planted in a permanent place.
In late autumn or early spring, Physalis rhizome can be divided.
Decorative Physalis is rapidly multiplying the growth of new shoots from creeping rhizomes. The roots grow so quickly that sometimes it is necessary to limit their territory in the flower garden by digging plastic or slate barriers into the ground. New shoots are great for breeding Physalis. They are dug out in spring or autumn and planted at a distance of about half a meter from each other. This is the easiest way to grow a plant. Also physalis can be propagated by cuttings.
The cuttings are done in July, when the tops of the stems with 2 developed internodes are cut. Cuttings are planted in loose soil, deepening them in half, watered and kept a little under the film. In sunny weather, they shade and make sure that the soil does not dry out. When the cuttings take root, the film is removed and the plants are tended as usual.
Physalis: useful properties
- Physalis fruits contain useful acids, minerals, phytoncides and protein.They have a diuretic, hemostatic and analgesic effect. They are used for rheumatism, gout, urinary tract inflammation, herpes and other diseases.
- Physalis fruits for food are usually used fresh. They are added to vegetable soups, salads. With the purpose of treatment they use fruits, their juice and roots. Rhizomes need to harvest in the fall. They have especially many useful substances.
- Decoction and infusion of fruits taken with bronchitis, edema, bruises.
- Fresh fruits and juice are used for dermatosis, gonorrhea, hypertension.
- A decoction of the roots is recommended as an antitussive, pain reliever when menstruation stops.
- In medicine in Central Asia, fruits are used in the treatment of anemia. To this end, patients are recommended to use fresh Physalis - 5 pcs. 2 times a day. People suffering from hypertension benefit from tea from the dry leaves of the plant.
- Bulgarian traditional medicine uses a decoction of the fruit in difficult urination and treatment of hemorrhoids.
Physalis Preserves: Recipe
Physalis is a sweet berry, which is used to decorate cocktails and desserts. However, it may be the main ingredient - for example, for making unusually tasty jam.
- Physalis - 300 g
- Lemon juice - 2 tbsp. l
- Brown sugar - 400 g
- Cinnamon stick - 1 pc.
- Water - 150 ml
- First you need to clean the Physalis from the leaves, wash it well and pierce each berry with a toothpick.
- Put the berries in the pan, and pour in the sugar.
- Pour water into a container and put it on medium heat. Do not cover with a lid.
- When the sugar is well dissolved - increase the heat. Bring to a boil, throw a cinnamon stick and simmer for about 10 minutes.
- Then reduce the heat to almost a minimum, add lemon juice and leave to boil for about 2 hours. After 2 hours, remove the cinnamon stick and the jam itself, preventing it from cooling, pour it over the sterilized jars and close the lids.
Physalis has a delicate and original taste, as well as a lot of useful properties. The plant is easy to grow in the garden. Care culture is not difficult. It is enough to weed and fertilize Physalis in time, to maintain moderate soil moisture.
See also: Aspidistra: landing and care