Lately, more and more special paints and pencils appear so that children can comfortably embody fantastic images on paper. But for beginners acquaintance with the visual arts is the most successful in the process of drawing with watercolor. Consider in stages some of the nuances of this process.
The unity of water and color
Watercolor in Europe appeared in the 15th century, while in China a water suspension of the coloring pigment was used in painting as early as the 2nd century. Even then, artists valued paint for the ability to create stunningly thin color transitions on canvas or paper. It is this property of watercolor that made it so popular not only in professional, but also in amateur art. Drawing with watercolor is recommended to practice and very young creators. For children 2-5 years old and older, this paint is ideal because:
- does not require special skills to get started - you only need to prepare water, brushes and paint;
- mixes well and allows you to achieve a wide palette of colors;
- it is easily washed off the body and washed from the clothes, which is especially important in the case of babies;
- affordable, because usually young artists spend material is very uneconomical.
Types of paints and watercolor techniques
Before you take up the drawing, you need to decide on the plan and choose a watercolor. There are 5 types of paints:
- tiled solid;
- pencils, crayons;
- pearl watercolor.
The first type is suitable for posters and drawings, but not suitable for children's creativity. But other types can be used depending on which texture is easier for a person to cope with. In addition, the combination of liquid form and pencils or crayons adds to the finished product the originality of the combination of painting and drawing.
After choosing the colors you need to decide on the technique of execution:
- on a dry leaf (the picture is bright, with clear contour lines);
- on a wet canvas (makes all transitions blurred, revealing the richness of shades).
In the latter case, you can use either a special paper for watercolor, or put a damp cloth - flannel - under the sheet.
What you need to work with this type of paint?
To work with colors to enjoy, you must prepare in advance everything you need to work. In addition to watercolor and paper, as mentioned above, you will need:
- shallow tank with wide sides for mixing paints;
- paint brushes in sizes from 0000 to 6 of mixed fibers (it is most convenient for beginners to mix paints with brush No. 3);
- a cup for water to calibrate the washout;
- paper napkins to remove excess water or paint;
- solid and hard-soft pencils for sketching the outline of a drawing.
Be prepared that over time a drawing board with a slight inclination may come in handy, as well as masking fluid for areas of the picture on which there should be no paint. How to draw flowers?
Acquaintance with drawing watercolor for beginners should occur in stages. And flowers of semi-solid paint on a dry leaf in this case is a very convenient object for the image. It allows you to demonstrate all the richness of shades of color, but does not contain too small elements with which the beginner will be quite difficult to handle. And, since watercolor painting involves drawing from life, it is advisable to put a vase or a single flower in front of your eyes. It is better to choose tulips, irises, pansies, that is, quite large representatives of the flora.
- We set the nature so that the light is concentrated on it. It is better if it is daytime, and not artificial.
- Sketch the contours with a simple pencil.
- Show areas of the shadow.
- Paints draw the rear petals.
- Making a shadow. To do this, use two shades of the main color - dark and light.
- Proceed to the center of the composition, alternating with leaves and stem.
- Tinted background with a translucent shade.
How to paint nature with watercolors?
Landscape paintings are most impressive in liquid paints, as they allow you to convey all the details of the color. For landscapes it is better to use the technique of drawing watercolors on a wet sheet. However, for beginners, this method of image can be slightly simplified by gradually wetting the desired areas of paper.
- We make a sketch. On objects with shadow, we make pressure a little stronger.
- We moisten a piece of paper under the sky, apply paint and let it spread.
- For the bulk of the foliage, we also lightly saturate the paper with water and, mixing the colors we need, apply paint so that white areas of paper remain.
- We draw large parts of the image (mountains, cliffs, etc.).
- Getting to the foreground of the picture. We draw a grass, adding tone from dark to light.
- Add shadows. Notice that the farther from the foreground, the deeper, that is, darker, the shadow.
- Draw the trunk of trees and branches.
- We specify the contours of the foreground objects.
- Remove paint stains, if any. To do this, we press a paper napkin to the drawing area, then drip water and blot again. Repeat until the stain disappears.
- If necessary, add details. Figure is ready.
Many people like to paint with colors because blurry brushstrokes create a very natural effect - like "with real artists." Phased drawing with watercolor for beginners will help you and your child to master the basic techniques of such a popular form of fine art. And properly selected materials will allow you to easily draw a variety of subjects.