A cozy corner in a house with numerous exotic plants is the best atmosphere for relaxation. Potted flowers not only decorate the interior, but also purify the air, and some of them are even healers. Phalaenopsis orchids are considered the royal variety. Care at home for these exquisite flowers, we consider in our article.
Royal flower - proper care
Orchids are exotic flowers that grow in wild conditions. There are even varieties that grow on stones. Argued that orchids require careful and troublesome care, and not all housewives like it.
In order to grow on the windowsill of this greenhouse, dazzling with a riot of bright colors and having an alluring aroma, it is not necessary to choose whimsical plants. In nature, there are a huge number of orchid varieties, and many of them are already adapted to room conditions and are distinguished by ease of care.
Home care for Phalaenopsis orchid is no exception. It is this plant that mistresses, who have no extra time for hard work, prefer to grow in their homes.
We buy an orchid: a guide for the hostess
If you have not yet mastered the skills of breeding flowers, but really want to replenish your collection of houseplants with Phalaenopsis orchid, going to the store, do not forget to learn how to choose it correctly. When choosing orchid seedlings of Phalaenopsis variety, attention should be paid to the following aspects:
- the flower must be sold in a pot of transparent material;
- the root system should be light gray, dry, without mold;
- leaves should be bright, complete, free of stains and irregularities;
- appreciate the quality of the substrate, it should not be peat impurities.
The peculiarity of the Phalaenopsis orchid is that this plant can fully develop and blossom only in a well-transmitted air substrate. That is why experienced gardeners use only pine bark or coconut shell to grow orchids. Pieces of substrate must be large. No excessive moisture should accumulate inside the pot. It is this substrate that protects the rhizome from rotting.
Choosing a place in the home greenhouse
So, we have already purchased a flower. It remains only to choose a suitable place for its cultivation in room conditions. Every housewife who propagates ornamental plants knows that the proper development of a flower, and especially orchids, requires proper lighting, moisture and heat.
It is best to put the Phalaenopsis orchid in the western or southern part of your dwelling. The flower does not need direct exposure to sunlight: for the full development of sufficient and diffused light. Excellent orchid blooms and in partial shade. If the lighting in the room is insufficient, then you can compensate for it by turning on the lamps.
The humidity of the air in the room where the Falenopsis orchid grows must also be acceptable, or rather, optimal. In the wild, the root system of the flower is open and located on the soil surface, but in the home it is hidden in the substrate. Orchid will receive the required amount of moisture when watering.
So that the foliage cover does not turn yellow, the buds do not fall off, and the flowering takes place fully, the relative humidity in the room should not be less than 30%. The maximum permissible figure is 60%. The room should be well converted air, if desired, you can install special moisturizing system. Please note that spraying and irrigation of orchids do not affect the level of room humidity.
In the care of Phalaenopsis orchid at home, the temperature mark is considered to be an equally important indicator. This indicator can be divided into three groups:
- optimal - from 18 to 22 °;
- permissible - from 25 to 35 °;
- limit - up to 45 °.
During the period of active development of buds and flowering, the temperature mark in the room where Phalaenopsis orchid grows should not exceed 22 °. Maintaining a constant temperature is the key to long flowering and long life expectancy of a decorative flower. This exotic plant does not tolerate low temperature, so if it drops sharply, especially when it reaches minus marks, the orchid may die.
One drop, two drop ...
As you already understood, it will be about watering an exotic plant. To water the Phalaenopsis orchid can only be separated and filtered water. In no case should it be tough. The optimal frequency of watering - 1 time in 7 days. In summer, at high temperatures, the frequency of irrigation can be increased to two times a week.
For irrigation, you can use the shower nozzle and slightly warm settled water. Great for watering and rainwater.
If you want your flower to feel in a familiar exotic environment, periodically do this procedure instead of watering:
- Fill the tank with filtered and lukewarm water.
- And then put a pot with an orchid in it.
- After a few minutes, remove the flower from the water and put it in the pan.
- We drain the water accumulated in the pan to avoid rotting of the root system.
In addition to watering, Phalaenopsis orchid needs fertilizers. Feeding should be carried out only during the growing season. Nitrogen-containing mixtures are excellent for orchids.
Phalaenopsis orchid babies: reproduction features
At home, it is quite realistic and for each mistress to independently propagate the Phalaenopsis orchid. In the wild, this exotic flower propagates in the seed way, but at home this method is ineffective and not at all possible.
To multiply Phalaenopsis orchid is best for kids. In no case can one remove the escaped shoots during the period of active flowering, and it can last up to six months. At the end of flowering, wait about a month, and then deposit the children in a separate pot. It is preliminary recommended to withstand aerial roots in soft water fertilized with growth activator.
If kids are not formed, do not despair. You can help your orchid in releasing babies. To do this, look for the stem, which has already faded, a bud and make a circular incision on it. Lubricate the kidney with fresh birch sap or growth promoter. You'll see, after a while the Phalaenopsis orchid will delight you with new shoots.
Royal mini orchid care
Along with the usual orchid varieties, in the greenhouses you can find exotic mini-flowers. Home care for a mini-orchid variety Phalaenopsis is almost no different from the features of growing ordinary plants.
A mini orchid should be pruned, but only after the flowering period. For pruning, select the appropriate days. Pruned should escape just above the active buds. As a rule, mini-orchids do not require transplantation. The exception is a deterioration of the substrate, an unpleasant smell or a small container.
Orchids Falenopsis variety, unfortunately, are not insured against diseases and pests. Most often they are attacked by such parasites:
- mealy bug;
When treating, the pathological areas of an exotic plant are treated with a suitable group of pesticides and thoroughly washed with warm water.
Make an exotic greenhouse in your house - plant a royal flower. Phalaenopsis orchid is unpretentious in care. Her bloom will delight you for 2-6 months. As you know, features of care directly affect the duration of flowering. I wish you happiness and good luck!