Some plants are acquired because of the attractive foliage of an unusual shape, some because of the colorful petals, and the pedilanthus arriving from America can please almost everyone. He draws attention with all his appearance. What should be the care of pedilanthus at home? Which variety is preferred, and what are their differences?
Pedilanthus: photos and characteristics of the plant
Born in the dry tropical forests of America, pedilanthus belongs to the genus Molochaina, which indicates a number of features in its care and cultivation. A key feature of all members of this family is a thick white juice, similar to milk, which flows from the stem when it is damaged.
Because of its origin, pedilanthus belongs to a group of plants whose appearance strongly depends on the conditions in which it grows. Therefore, even if it is unpretentious in itself, one can be greatly surprised by planting 2 identical cuttings in different areas. It will be difficult to draw parallels between them when they turn into adult individuals. Most of all, the humidity of the air and the soil affects the appearance of the pedilanthus: when it is abundant, it stretches upward, and when it is deficient, it appears as a dwarf plant.
Most pedilanthuses are shrubs, however, in the homeland, in tropical rain forests they can turn into small trees. But, undoubtedly, its species identity will influence this. As for the specimens that are grown in the middle lane, these are large shrubs, which take root equally well in the summer cottages (in the warm season) and in city apartments.
As a decorative home plant, pedilanthus was used because of its exotic look: few representatives of the flora have flowers resembling shoes. The leaves of some specimens are reduced to spines or small rudimentary forms; in others, they are distinguished by an uneven color — a white border and a dark green core.
In particular, the foliage is deprived of large-fruited pedilanthus, which is a low shrub that has special fabrics in its thick stem that store water. This is explained by the fact that this species naturally grows in arid forests. From this position, the large-fruited pedilanthus is the ideal choice for a novice gardener, since he will not die in a dry and hot summer, as well as in the case of a forced absence of care for him. Its stems are round in shape, but there are cases of a change in their state to a flattened one. Crescent-shaped flowers with elongated ends, on which their entire color is concentrated: closer to the stem, they take on a natural green tint.
Peculiarities of growing pedimalus titimaloid:
- Titloid pedilanthus is interesting not so much with its small pink flowers, gathered in compact inflorescences, as with a bent stem, which changes the direction of growth with each leaf that appears, as a result of which it has a zigzag shape. Foliage with short petioles, compact, with a light border, may have white patches over the entire area. In some varieties, the rim may acquire a burgundy shade. Flowering begins in mid-October-November, and during this period it is especially necessary to ensure that the substrate retains moisture. Otherwise, the pedilanthus will shed not only the leaves, but also the flowers that have formed.
- In the matter of care, the titimaloid pedilanthus differs little from other species, but it is necessary to focus on the diseases and pests characteristic of it. Often gardeners complain that with the external health of the bush leaves are covered with gray spots, quickly twisted and fall. Often this contributes to abundant watering, which is detrimental for pedilanthus: as a result, decay of the foliage begins, and then the root system.
- An important point regarding the location of titimaloidopedilantus: the difference in the temperature of the layers of its soil should not exceed 2-3 degrees. For this reason, a tub with a plant is not placed on a cold floor (floor, window sill): a heat spatter surface like wood is obligatory. If the temperature is different, the roots of the pedilanthus will stop taking water and nutrients.
- Among diseases titimaloidopedilantusa and fungal lesions are noted, which are eliminated by treating the plant with a solution of fungicide 1 time per week and the mandatory destruction of diseased cuttings and leaves. Also found aphid and spider mites, which can be identified by twisting the leaves and yellowing, respectively. Each of the pests is afraid of insecticide, and the affected areas should be removed.
Home care for the plant
Pedilanthus are planted in large tubs, in which the diameter and height are equal. They are filled with light soil with a neutral acid-base balance, which cannot be shifted towards acidification; therefore, a layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom. It is important that the substrate has good air and water penetration, for which sand is necessarily mixed into it. It is also desirable the presence of turf and foliage in a 1: 2 ratio. The general air temperature must be maintained at 14-16 degrees, and in summer it can be increased to 25 degrees, but with mandatory air circulation: the room must be well ventilated.
In the southern regions, pedilanthus is grown in garden plots, excluding the winter period, but in the middle lane the presence of this plant in open ground should be minimized. The best option for him is the option of carrying out the tubs on the balcony in the summer. In addition, when the plant is moving to fresh air, it must be protected from direct sunlight and possible precipitation.
If the pedilanthus is in the apartment all the time, it is placed closer to the window, but in such a way that the lighting in its zone is diffused. However, in the winter for the plant include additional lighting, although they also shift the direction of its rays from the bush.
To the humidity of the air, as already mentioned, the pedilanthus is unassuming: almost all of its species have the ability to store water. Almost the same applies to the irrigation schedule: there is no need to water the bush intensively, but the substrate in the tub should always be wet, especially in summer. In winter, you can keep the soil a little more dry, but its complete draining is not allowed. In such a situation, the pedilanthus will begin to shed the leaves, so as not to waste on them the precious moisture accumulated in the stems. If it is difficult to understand whether there is enough water for the pedilanthus, it is possible to track its state in the foliage - as soon as the turgor goes down, they begin to lean to the ground, and this serves as a signal for the substrate to immediately moisten.
Gardeners reproduce 2 ways of pedilanthus breeding: seed is considered classic, through sowing, but reproduction through apical cuttings is also rarely used. Which of the options is preferable and what are their key differences?
It is recommended to propagate pedilanthus through grafting in the spring-summer period, before flowering begins. A length of 10 cm is removed from the top, after which it is required to leave it in warm water, cutting the cutting half in half. This is done so that the juice is removed from it. Then cut off the shoots must be stripped of the lower leaves and dried, but not under direct sunlight. 24-36 hours may be needed for the complete elimination of moisture, after which the substrate is prepared for rooting.
It is best to use river sand for this purpose, which is slightly moistened with a spray bottle. Replace sand can be perlite, but it does not need to be moistened. A container with rooting cuttings must be placed in a shaded place, maintaining an air temperature of 20-23 degrees in this zone. Cover it can not, so as not to increase the humidity, which will lead to rotting cuttings. Often, it takes 14-20 days to start developing the root system.
Pedilanthus transplantation, as well as its reproduction, is carried out in the spring and summer, if the root system becomes crowded in the tub. Taking into account the fact that it is rather compact and almost does not grow, it suffices to immediately plant the cuttings in a large pot so that they do not have to be moved later. Feeding the plant in the winter is not needed, and the rest of the time 1 every 30-35 days fertilizer is applied to it for succulents, which has a low nitrogen content. And as new shoots form, young pedilanthus is cut off to prevent its active branching.
Pedilanthus - an unpretentious plant in the care, but because of its belonging to the genus euphorbia can be dangerous. Interact with the bushes is required in gloves, because its juice adversely affects the skin. Also, it should not allow small children.