Paper crafts are a wonderful way to have fun with friends and children, make an original gift, and simply improve the fine motor skills of hands. Origami birds are created most often, since their schemes for beginners are most understandable, and the resulting product is quite original and presentable.
How to make a bird in the technique of origami?
The most active in the technique of origami is cranes, swans or pigeons. Owls, gulls and other representatives of the fauna are less popular, and more often because of the complexity of working with them. Of course, there are a lot of schemes for each of the birds: they differ in the required level of training and in the general form of the figure.
All of them imply the presence of colored or plain paper, which will not be torn from too frequent manipulations at a specific point, but will also be easily deformed. In addition, it is often necessary to resort to using a simple pencil, ruler, protractor and scissors. However, in some algorithms, these devices may not be needed.
Paper swan is the easiest to do. You can often notice such a bird as an element of table setting when large napkins are put in this way, placing them on an empty dish.
For manufacturing, a large sheet of square-shaped paper is required, on which the center line is marked, and side corners are tucked into it. The figure resembles an elongated rhombus. In the triangles that made up its long part, internal angles are bent away, and the figure in the middle vertical folds in half again.
The sharpest angle (lying at the base) bends diagonally so that this part forms a perpendicular to the base, and its tip is guided by a new hem outward to the side. The head and neck of the swan are ready. The tail is enough to bend the accordion twice in parallel diagonals, and the origami has been completed with this bird.
Making a pigeon: master class with schemas
Dove is a symbol of peace and the most simple origami bird. Certainly, there are a lot of schemes for it, and beginners are offered to use the one that includes only 7 steps. You need to stock up with colored paper, cutting a square of 20 from it by 20 or slightly larger, so as not to cause any special difficulties in addition. At the initial stage, you will need to place it in front of you like a rhombus, and then bend all the edges inwards, combining the vertices in the center. It should be a square envelope.
Now the bottom corners of the figure turn up to the center line and bend, turning the square into a pentagon. After that, along the same median vertical, it folds and the paper turns. The widest side of it looks up, the sharp angle - to the left, the diagonal goes down. At this step, the acute angle is bent, which will become the pigeon's beak: it is advisable to stick to a diagonal of 45 degrees. However, it should be understood that it does not go back or forward, but folds inward, between the paper halves. And the top line now arches the other way around.
Further scissors will be needed: at an angle of 45 degrees, an incision-diagonal is made at the lower right angle. If it is difficult to determine its length by eye, it is possible to find the middle at the right side of the figure, draw a line along its base along it, and the intersection point of this line with a diagonal from a right angle will become the place where the cut is completed. The left side of it bends outward, forming a pigeon's wing: this must be done on both sides.
The right one remains down: this is the tail of the bird, with which one more manipulation is necessary. From the acute angle to the upper base, put a diagonal, measuring the angle of 20 degrees, and then, along this line, bend inside the edge of the figure. This is where the origami dove paper creation is completed.
You can use another scheme of the same bird, which already includes 11 steps, but to someone performed it may seem simpler than the previous one. A sheet of paper is selected with the same parameters, and is also located in the projection of the diamond, after which it is folded in a vertical line in half and straightened back. Then the side parts must be tuck to the same middle, combining them with edges, and the top bend back.
The next step is the basting of the lines: the side angles of the resulting triangle are folded to the middle and straightened, then each of them is curved outward, but only on the front side, so that the untouched vertex remains. She at the final stage will be the head of a pigeon.
The lower ends of the side limbs need to be removed inside, the angle at which this is done, the minimum is taken - 7-10 degrees. After that, in the middle vertical, the figure is formed by moving from itself: i.e. those parties that were in your field of vision should remain visible, being external. Then the product turns to the median line, along which it was bent, looked diagonally upward: this is the back of the bird.
It remains only to bend inside the head - the top corner, and fold the tail. The latter is reproduced as follows: first, the part bends and straightens along the line close to the base, then along the line that is 0.5-1 cm (depending on the initial paper size) to the right of it. Now, thanks to the outlined lines, it is easy to bend the last finger with a finger so that it disappears inside the bird. Simple dove origami ready.
Origami: a bird of happiness with your own hands
There are legends and songs about the bird of happiness, and for sure many at least once were interested in how it looks. However, its appearance is different in the presentation of each nation: in particular, in Japan, the bird of happiness is called the crane. In this East Asian country there is a belief that 1000 of these origami birds are able to fulfill even the most unrealizable, but sacred desire. Of course, this is only a beautiful fairy tale, but perhaps, by the time when the 1000th crane springs from under its arms, would your old dream come true?
To create such a bird, you will need paper, preferably colored on both sides. Sheet sizes are preferred to 18 to 18 or 24 to 24, since with smaller parameters it becomes more difficult to work out every detail if there is no significant experience in origami. And the last nuance that is important to consider when choosing a paper is the degree of its softness and strength. Often you have to bend and straighten one line several times, after which some materials begin to tear at this place, which reduces the result to "no."
- According to the classical scheme of the bird of happiness, origami, the square is laid so as to resemble a rhombus, after which it is folded in half twice and laid out back, each time forming a rectangle. Such a move allowed us to outline auxiliary lines. Now you need to turn the paper and start to bend again, but already along the diagonals of the rhombus, each time getting triangles. This created the last auxiliary lines.
- The sheet turns over again, and then it is necessary to press on its center with a finger, raising all the corners up and combining them: i.e. the paper "embraces" the finger, which is immediately removed. The paper standing on the surface with its base in the plane is the same square, but in the diamond projection. It should be turned over so that the "deaf" angle, which is the base on which it was pressed, is at the top, and the divergent ones look down.
- The new stage - the sides of the diamond must be bent inward, aligning it with the edges along the center line. Then they unbend back. The same must be done for the upper "blind" corner: lower it down and straighten it again. Basting lines are ready. The most interesting and important point: the lower edge of the upper layer should be pulled, lifting it, as a result of which folds should be created along the lines put before and a hollow not fully closed rhomb should be formed. The same actions are performed for the opposite (back) side.
- Now outwardly, the figure resembles 2 elongated rhombus combined with a single base. Continuing to hold it in this position, the sides should be folded inward again, toward the middle line: this is done separately for each rhombus, and in no case can they be combined at this stage. Then it is important to bend each of the parts to the bottom upwards and spread to the sides no more than 45 degrees, then straighten again.
- According to the obtained lines, the ends of the rhombus will again need to be bent, but already inward, and from either side the tip itself will also be bent 45 degrees - this will be the head of the bird. The final step is the lowering of the "wings", i.e. the upper ends of the rhombus, as well as the flattening of the central "hump". Japanese bird of happiness is ready to fly for a dream!
Crane, which brings happiness: video lesson
When you have fully mastered these schemes, you can go to more complex versions of the firebird, the original owl, etc. The number of algorithms for creating origami birds has exceeded 100, so you will definitely find an idea for yourself.