A person's attachment to their pets, in particular to cats, is sometimes limitless, and their loss becomes a real tragedy. There are a lot of diseases that await our pets. Panleukopenia is one of them.
Panleukopenia, popularly called the distemper, carries a mortal danger to all members of the cat, goose and raccoon family. If you do not go to the veterinarian in time and be late with the treatment, the animal is likely to die.
This virus from the group of parvoviruses is extremely tenacious. It calmly withstands temperature fluctuations, many cats that have had a distemper continue to carry the virus, secreting it with feces, saliva.
As we have already said, the panleukopenia virus is very contagious. A healthy cat does not have to come into contact with a sick animal, it’s enough to rub against a wall, follow the trail or smell the feces of a sick cat. The incubation period lasts from 2 days to 2 weeks. Most often, the disease is manifested by a sharp deterioration in the condition of the animal. Vomiting and diarrhea possible, the temperature rises. A clear sign of the disease is intense thirst, the animal tries to stay near water, but refuses to drink because of acute pain in the abdomen. Panleukopenia virus affects almost all organs of the cat, especially the nasopharynx and intestines.
Kittens are most vulnerable to this virus. The disease develops quickly, the kitten does not eat, does not drink, the nose is dry and hot, the hair is disheveled, purulent discharges appear from the eyes and nose. Animals fade away before our eyes. Mortality of kittens up to a year reaches 90%.
How to recognize such an insidious disease at the initial stage? Drowsiness, apathy, heavy breathing, lack of appetite, atypical stools are the first alarm bells: something is wrong. High fever, vomiting, discharge from the eyes and nose, and sometimes a dry cough are grounds for immediate medical attention. Delay or self-treatment will lead to the death of the animal.
Of course, the first to come under the threat of plague are not vaccinated animals. Kittens are vaccinated at the age of 8-9 weeks and repeated after 3 weeks. Adult cat enough to vaccinate once a year. A vaccinated cat can also become ill with panleukopenia, but the disease will be much milder, and the animal will quickly recover.
If you suspect a panleukopenia virus in cats, the owner should immediately contact a veterinarian, and it is better to call him home. To date, a specific drug for this virus has not yet been created. The doctor, based on the symptoms and condition of the sick cat, makes a regimen of treatment with a complex of drugs. As a rule, antibiotics, vitamins, possibly painkillers, antiviral drugs, enemas are prescribed.
Dehydrated body needs to restore water balance. From the owner is required to comply with the regimen of drugs. You must complete the entire course of treatment to the end. Sometimes it becomes easier for the animal and the treatment is stopped. This can not be done, because the disease may return.
At the time of rehabilitation, the animal must be placed in a warm, preferably dark room, next to put a container with water. Forcibly feed and feed the cat. As your appetite returns, you need to offer it a small amount of oatmeal. Then diversify the menu of the animal meat, fish broth, gradually returning to the usual menu. During the entire time of the pet's treatment, the physician must observe, as some drugs may be adjusted or canceled.
What is the danger?
Panleukopenia virus for humans is not dangerous. But the owner himself can be the cause of the disease in cats. The virus can penetrate into the house on the clothes, shoes of a person. If you still have a pet, at least a year is better not to get a new pet because of the survivability of the virus. Or, if you started a cat, despite this, at first track the symptoms of the disease.
Like it or not, and we are responsible for those who have tamed. It is necessary to remember several rules: to vaccinate an animal in time, not to forget to repeat the vaccination once a year. At the first symptoms of the disease immediately consult a doctor. This will save the life of your furry homebody, and you will give joy and bring a lot of positive emotions from communicating with him.