Pahira- An exotic plant of the Bombac family, the so-called "bottle trees". The birthplace of pachira is Brazil, then it was grown in Mexico and Peru. The natural habitat is stony desert, so the flower stores water between the bark and lower parts of the stems.
If a pachira lives at home, it grows slowly, but in height it can reach about 3 meters with a diameter of 1.5 m of the crown. If the pachira grows in its natural habitat, the plant can reach a height of up to 20 m. Usually, the young pachira grows in one trunk, begins branching at a height of more than 2 m.
Leaves growing on long cuttings are colored bright green and resemble chestnut leaves. Pachira flowers are extraordinarily beautiful: large and white, gathered in a panicle. The fruits of pachira are rather large oval berries of olive color. Berry seeds are eaten both raw and fried.
Pachira at home
- Lighting. Since the pachira is an exotic plant, it needs good lighting, otherwise the stem will lose its decorative effect due to its stretching. The flower tolerates direct sunlight, but prefers a bright diffused color. Gardeners recommend growing pachira at home on an east or west window. In summer, the pachira can be placed in the garden, but it will need to be protected from wind and rain. In the spring with bright sunny color may burn leaves.
- Temperature.In the summer, the pachira prefers a moderate temperature - from 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to maintain the temperature from 14 to 16 degrees. At home, the plant is not recommended to be placed near the batteries and drafts, especially in winter.
- WateringPachyr is poured over the diameter of the pot, while avoiding water entering the base of the barrel. In spring and summer, moderate watering is required, and the topsoil should dry out for the next watering. In winter, it is recommended to water the pachira at home rarely, but without drying the topsoil. Water for irrigation should be soft and warm. If a pachira lacks watering, its leaves will lose turgor and hang. If the flower is poured, the stem of the plant may rot.
- Air humidity. For pakhira at home, humidity does not play a significant role. It perfectly carries dry air, but will not refuse to spray with soft and distilled water. Make sure that the trunks do not get a lot of water, otherwise, they may rot.
- Fertilizer. Pahir at home should be fertilized from April to August 1 time per month. In the fall and winter, the plant does not need fertilizer.
- Pruning. In the spring, the pachir needs to be trimmed, cutting off the upper branches. At the site of the cut, it grows and becomes thick. Gardeners often give the crown a ball shape.
- Transfer. The young pahira is transplanted in the spring - once a year, and the old plants are transplanted 1 time in 3 years. The pot is taken not deep, but wide enough. The roots of the pachira are not located deeply, so if you plant it in a deep pot, the plant will start to hurt and die in a few months. The substrate for transplanting pachyrs at home is made from sand, leaf and sod soil in equal proportions, adding brick chips and charcoal.
- Breeding. Pachira is propagated by seeds in early spring, as well as cuttings in August. When breeding seeds need to ensure that they are quite fresh, because their germination during storage is reduced. Seeds are poured into a wide container and sprayed with earth. The container is covered with glass or polyethylene, but periodically aired from the formed condensate. Seeds sprout in 3 weeks. When breeding pachyras at home, cuttings must be cut from the heels at the end of the summer.
Pachira at home: growing difficulties
- Rotting of the roots and stem of the plant - with abundant or improper watering, especially in winter.
- Brown tips or edges of leaves - insufficient watering, drafts and dry air.
- Twisted and soft leaves with brown edges - sudden changes in temperature: warm during the day and warm at night.
- Pulling the stem - lack of lighting.
- Dry spots on the leaves - too much light and sunburn. Pachira tolerates direct sunlight for a long time.
Caring for pachyra at home is not difficult if you follow the prescribed rules..
Pachira is a very beautiful, exotic and amazing plant that will not require much care and attention from you to your person. Growing pakhira at home, you get a beautifully decorated room, from which you do not want to leave!