Orchids are beautiful flowers that you never get tired of admiring. Proper care allows them to enjoy their beauty for many years, but sometimes you want to increase their number. With the help of breeding, you can grow some more beautiful orchids, which can become an ornament or a desired gift, especially for flower growers.
How do orchids breed?
Orchids usually breed in two ways.: seeds, the so-called sexual method, and from a piece of the mother flower - asexual method.
If you want to get orchids similar to the mother flower, use the asexual method. When propagated by seeds, orchids grow, not similar to the mother plant. But the seminal method is quite long and complicated.
A simple way to grow orchids
The division is the easiest way to grow growing sigmoidal orchids. To do this, simply divide the rhizome of the flower. Quite often, these orchids are separated by themselves. The main thing is that while the orchid was already an adult.
Each of the resulting parts must have at least 3 false bulbs, which are fully developed. The best time to divide is considered the beginning of spring.
- In order to divide the orchid, remove it from the pot, separate the substrate from the roots.
- Cut the rhizome between the false bulbs. Before using the knife, ignite it on the fire to prevent infection of the flower.
- Sprinkle the rhizome with charcoal, better powder. This will help to avoid diseases.
- After that, plant new orchids in pots prepared in advance.
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Ways to grow orchids at home
Orchid breeding methods also depend on the type of flower. Certain species, such as Wanda orchids, breed with apical cuttings. These are orchids that have a clear distance between the shoots. For reproduction in this way, the shoot must be cut with a sterilized knife at half the height. Then put in a pot. Before planting the cutting, the cut must be disinfected with charcoal. This breeding method is suitable mainly for fast-growing orchid species. When breeding other species will have to wait several years to cutting turned into a plant that can bloom.
For orchids of the genus Dendrobium, the species of reproduction by “side shoots” is suitable. As soon as such a shoot appears on the orchids, it is necessary to spray it often. As soon as he grows up and he has roots, you can separate him from the maternal runaway and plant him in another pot. Do not forget to sprinkle the cut with charcoal. In order for orchids of this genus to quickly grow side shoots suitable for reproduction, it is necessary to provide it with a large amount of fertilizers with a high nitrogen content and high temperature.
How to propagate Phalaenopsis orchid at home?
This type of orchid grows in the humid tropics of Southeast Asia. Because of the rather simple rules of care for them, they are most popular in indoor floriculture. Such orchids reproduce by babies appearing on peduncles. A well-developed young plant with 4 perfectly formed leaves can be grown on an adult orchid.
- For reproduction at home, you will need an adult orchid, pine bark, charcoal powder and fertilizer intended for orchids.
- To grow an emerging baby, the orchid must have a peduncle not older than 1.5 years. Part of the peduncle, which has faded, must be cut straight to the sleeping bud.
- At the very end of winter or early spring, watering an adult orchid should be stopped, watering only once in 10 days.
- Orchid should be removed to a place where at night the temperature is kept between 16-180C. During the day, the temperature should be between 22 and 240C. In order for the sleeping kidney to become active, it is necessary for the orchid to provide sunlight every day for an hour.
- As soon as the sleeping bud is activated, the orchid is transferred to a place where the temperature at night is at least 200C, and there is no direct sunlight.
- An orchid is fed with special fertilizers for it 2-3 times a month. Use two methods of feeding, spraying a solution of leaves and adding it to the ground.
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- Now it is necessary to restore full watering. The water temperature should be slightly above room temperature. During watering once a week, the ground in a pot should dry out completely.
- As soon as a young orchid growing on a flower stalk grows 3 cm more roots, you need to prepare a pot, best of all transparent. In the pot put the substrate of pine bark. Take bark from 5 mm to 1 cm in size, and add the second part of the substrate from the pot where the mother plant grows.
- A young orchid must be cut from the mother flower, capturing 1 cm from it. Process the cut to charcoal powder. Plant a neat orchid in the pot, while trying not to damage the roots. Sprinkle them with the prepared substrate.
- Pot with young orchid phalaenopsis put in a place where the air temperature reaches 250C, and the humidity is in the range of 80 to 100%. If it is possible, it is better to place it in a small greenhouse, where it is easier to create such conditions.
- A young orchid from a greenhouse can be taken out in a year and provide her with ordinary care.
In order to propagate orchids in the seed way, it is necessary to show perseverance and patience. Orchid seeds without a special nutrient solution can not germinate. But such an environment is sufficiently nutritious for mold, so it is necessary to ensure sterile conditions.
The first sprout appears only after 9 months, and after 2 years a young plant that can already be transplanted. Before the orchid blooms, it will take about 4 more years. An orchid with a beautiful name "Lady's Slipper" may bloom for the first time only after 10 years. Therefore, the simplest method of reproduction of orchids at home remains the asexual method - cuttings or buds.