Bunching onions - a culture that can grow in the same place up to 7 years. It perfectly tolerates winter and frost down to -10 degrees. Onions contain a large amount of vitamin C, as well as a source of vitamins B, PP, A, various trace elements. Batun can be eaten, added to various dishes. The appearance of the onion - batuna resembles the usual green onion, but has wider feathers and a soft taste. Any summer resident can grow this variety, because it does not require careful maintenance.
Bunching onions: features of growing from seeds
This culture prefers a rather fertile, non-acidic substrate. Therefore, never plant onion seeds on acidic, sandy, heavy, marshy and clay soils, otherwise you will not get a harvest. In the middle lane, the batun seeds are recommended to be planted in the middle of spring, as they germinate faster and take root carefully. You will receive the harvest in July. If you plant onions in the summer, the harvest will be only next year.
Before sowing, seeds are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 25 minutes, after which they are thoroughly washed and soaked again, but only in warm water and for 2 days. Do not forget to change the water from time to time.
The seeds are planted into the ground as follows: 5 cm apart, and between the rows — 15 cm, the planting depth should be no more than 3 cm. If the planting is too thick, the feathers will be thin, and when deep, the seeds are not will ascend.
Before planting onions in an open area, the soil must be fertilized with compost and wood ash. Due to the ability of the batun to accumulate salts of nitric acid, it is recommended that nitrogen-containing fertilizers be applied carefully and in moderation. It is recommended to feed onions only in early spring. Before the appearance of the first sprouts, be sure to loosen the soil. Also do not forget to remove the weeds.
Some gardeners use seed tapes to simplify planting tasks. The distance between them should be no more than 55 cm, and between the rows - 30 cm. If the soil is light and sandy, place the tape in the ground to a depth of 1 cm, on clayey soil - to a depth of 5 mm. Note that the batun is moisture-loving, so do not forget about regular watering with warm water. With a lack of moisture, onion feathers grow coarse and bitter.
After each watering, be sure to loosen the crust formed on the soil surface to protect the plant from oxygen starvation. In the spring the batun is recommended to cover with polyethylene. In the autumn, do not forget to remove flowering stems, because, drying out, they become an attractive place for pests in the cold season.
When the period of onion growth at one place expires, it is cut (it is advisable to do this before the beginning of August). A baton is used for cooking when its arrows reach 15 cm in length. During harvesting, it is recommended not to pluck the feathers, but carefully cut them with scissors. After each assembly, add mineral fertilizers (for example, mullein or wood ash) to the soil.
The onion batun is suitable for cultivation not only at the dacha, but also at home on a window sill. To get a good crop of crops, it is necessary to dig out bushes in the garden, which are not less than 2 years old, without shaking the ground from the roots into a container. Capacity with onions is placed on the windowsill, periodically watered and waiting for the harvest. Fresh greens will appear in 3-4 weeks, it can be eaten.
Among the methods of growing onion batuna, which will allow you to pamper yourself with vitamin grass all year round, is cultivation of crops in the greenhouse. To do this, you will need a heated greenhouse and peat soil. To increase the yield, soak the bulbs at 45 degrees, then cut them. Do not forget about regular watering and fertilizer. In addition, in the greenhouse you need to maintain the temperature regime - 20 degrees during the day and 15 degrees at night. In the autumn-winter period, special lamps provide additional illumination for 12 hours. Lamps are installed at right angles to prevent the batun’s feathers from dying.
Onions batun is subject to some diseases. For example, on the stems may appear spots of green with a grayish bloom, which indicates peronosporoze (fungal disease). Because of the fungus, the onion ceases to grow and does not yield a crop, therefore it is necessary to process it in time with fungicides (for example, copper oxychloride). Batun feathers come to taste to the larvae of the onion fly, which can be dealt with by treating the soil with chlorophos. If you notice that onion feathers turn yellow, this indicates a lack of watering in the heat, a lack of nutrients or an onion fly attack.
Bunching onions: varieties and their characteristics
There are several varieties of batun, each of which differs in external features and method of use.
- The April variety ripens early, branches heavily and has large delicate feathers. The April onion batun is well resistant to pests and diseases, and is also resistant to extremes and low temperatures. Growing this crop is not particularly difficult.
- Variety parade different color of feathers - they are greenish with a blue tint and wax shine. It is believed that Holland is the birthplace of the parade. It refers to the average viable varieties.
- Emerald onion-batun is perfect for salads, it was produced by the hybridization of sandy and bulb varieties. The variety is quite resistant to diseases.
- The onion batun Russian winter is distinguished by its resistance to frost and high yields, therefore, it is well acclimatized in our area. The simplicity of its cultivation was appreciated by many gardeners.
- The giant variety speaks for itself - it has large leaves with a wax shine. Onions have a pleasant mild flavor, and their ripening period is about a month.
Bat onions are very useful and easy to grow onions, which we owe to China and southeastern Siberia. Fresh feathers of the plant contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements, it is often used to prepare various dishes. In its raw form, a batun has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, causes the secretion of gastric juice and contributes to high-quality food digestion.