Very beautiful fern with the unusual name Nephrolepis belongs to one of the most undemanding species. It grows rapidly, forming unusual fluffy feathery leaves, called fronds. The length of these leaves reaches 70 cm.
Nephrolepis species grows in the tropics of America, Australia and Southeast Asia. To date, a huge number of varieties that are perfectly adapted for keeping at home. Thanks to this breeding work,Nephrolepis belongs to the group of the most resistant ferns growing at home.
How to care for nephrolepis?
- The enduring nephrolepis is afraid of direct sunlight on its beautiful leaves. Therefore, in the warm season it is recommended to take it to fresh air where there is no direct sunlight. He very much respects the penumbra and the most suitable location will be the windowsill facing north.
- Suitable temperature for nephrolepis 14 to 200C. In winter, the optimum temperature - 15-180C, in the summer - 200C. If the temperature is higher, it is necessary to ensure frequent spraying during the summer period. For spraying, use warm and soft water every other day, as dry air has a bad effect on flower development.
- For the plant will be very useful and the radiation from the TV or computer. If there is such a place, you can safely put a fern near it.
- The flower needs high room humidity. It must be regularly sprayed so that the tips of the feathers do not turn brown.
- Nefrolepisa wateringshould be moderate. In the summer period, abundant watering with soft infused water is necessary, but it is not necessary to pour it. Water it liberally 1 p. a week in winter and 1 p. in 2 days in the summer. At the same time, the soil should not be waterlogged, but moist. At the bottom of the pot should not be water. It is very good to water nephrolepis just by immersing a flowerpot with a flower in it.
- In summer, the fern requires additional feeding. For this 1 p. in 2 weeks feed it with mineral and organic fertilizers, using them one by one. Fertilize the flower usually, starting in April and ending in August. In addition, fern requires good drainage.
- Nephrolepis reproduces by dividing during the transplantation of the maternal shrub either by the offspring at the end of the antennae, or by the shoots. In spring or summer, young branches appear on the lateral parts of the nephrolepis. They need to be carefully separated from the rhizome along with the roots. After that, the young sprouts of fern transplanted into plastic pots, sprinkled with earth. For them, it is necessary to create good air humidity and temperature within 180WITH.
- Saplings are not recommended to feed, until such time as they do not take root. To speed up the rooting process, the scourge should be periodically sprinkled with earth. As soon as 4 leaflets appear on the nephrolepis, it can be transplanted into a separate pot.
Nephrolepis transplant at home
As nephrolepis grows, transplanting into a larger pot is required. The optimal time for a transplant is spring. The soil is a mixture of peat, coniferous and greenhouse lands. The soil is perfect, which consists of 1 part of sand, 1 part of peat and 4 parts of hardwood soil, or a ready-made earthen mixture with the addition of humus, sand and peat in equal parts. Leafy or soddy soil is very suitable as a soil.
When transplanting, nephrolepis should be removed from the old pot along with an earthy clod and free the roots. After that, move the flower to a new larger pot, where to prepare the desired drainage and a shallow layer of moist soil. On the sides of the rhizome, gently sprinkle with a new earthen mixture, not crushing it. Feed and water it.
Nephrolepis: difficulties in care
- When caring for nephrolepis, there may be such a problem as drying and falling leaves. The reason for this lies in the lack of moisture in the air or soil. It is also worth paying attention to the illuminated location, direct sunlight is unacceptable. Because of it, the leaves become faded in color, and a burn mark is formed on their surface.
- Of the pests, nephrolepis can infect a spider mite. With insufficient nutrition, feathers are distinguished by a dull color and slow growth.
- Another problem is the appearance of brown stripes on the lower surface of the leaves during sporulation. This is due to insufficient watering. The lack of growth in new leaves and their yellowing at the base is also associated with dry soil or air.
- The most frequent problems in growing nephrolepis- This lack of moisture, excessive light and high temperature. Therefore, when signs characteristic of them appear, it is necessary to ensure a normal mode of irrigation, remove nephrolepis in partial shade and spray more often if the temperature is too high.
Caring for nephrolepis at home does not require much effort. He is quite unpretentious and does not cause trouble. If you put a fern in the zone of electromagnetic radiation, it will help absorb harmful radiation and cope with fatigue, while increasing the immunity of all family members.
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com.ru- Yuliya