Such strange names - "scary onions", "mouse hyacinth" - Muscari owes its musky flavor, which not everyone will like. Nevertheless, this flower, whose birthplace is Turkey, is perfect for flower beds due to its early flowering time: along with crocuses and daffodils, it decorates still empty areas with barely penetrating grass from the very beginning of spring.
Muscari: planting and care in the open field
This South-European flower is included in the bulbous group, which requires special graphics and conditions for its planting, as well as further movements, both in the area and in the pots. Muscari is a perennial, can even multiply self-seeding, but flowering in this case will not be before the third year of life. The easiest way to grow it is in the summer cottage, in the open field, however, the so-called forcing is allowed: sowing in closed ground, as well as further cultivation of the flower in containers.
- When planting muscari in open ground, the bulbs need to be pretreated with any fungicide and checked for surface damage. It is possible to replace the fungicide with a solution of potassium permanganate, which should also be shed holes one day before seeding.
- The planting date is the end of August or the beginning of September, experienced gardeners recommend doing this on the growing moon. Being winter-hardy, the bulbs grow well in the ground, even if they are not covered, but in a snowless winter, it is recommended to throw dry grass on the planting area or simply put a covering material. This is especially true for broad-leaved muscari, which needs mulching in the fall.
- Muscari bulbs are very small, so it is recommended to plant them in a bunch of 15-30 pieces, practically not keeping the distance between them: 3-4 cm is enough, and if necessary, in the spring you can separate some bushes. In some cases (from the idea of a particular landscape design), up to 150 copies of mouse hyacinth per 1 square meter can be sown. At the same time, the depth of the pit for planting is 5-7 cm, but it can be a little deeper if the bulb is large (size irregularity is characteristic of muscari even within the same species).
- The soil is suitable for muscari any, except for clay: the flower does not like stagnant moisture. A loose substrate with a low content of fine pebbles and sand, with a pH of weak acidity, and with the addition of compost, humus or other organic fertilizer in the well before planting is optimal. This is practically the only moment of feeding, which is carried out no more than once a year and only with organic matter: muscari does not like mineral fertilizers very much - this negatively affects its flowering.
- The location for planting muscari is chosen to be well lit, it may even be the constant presence of direct sunlight - the more light, the better the mouse hyacinth. However, weak shading will not cause any harm to the appearance of the plant, or its further flowering, except that the latter will be less abundant. It is desirable that the site is located on a hill or on a slope - this will also prevent stagnant water that is dangerous for the plant in the soil.
The following points care for Muscari depend on what period it is included. Flower growers divide the entire life cycle of the plant into 2 parts: the stage of flowering and the stage of rest. On each of them the conditions of detention vary.
- During the flowering period, muscari become very demanding of water: the irrigation schedule is made in such a way that the substrate near the bush always remains wet. This is the only time when the viper onions need watering - all the rest of the time it is satisfied with natural moisture, and even a prolonged drought is not terrible for it.
- Also, during the flowering period, muscari is sensitive to the environment, so if weeds grow around it or lawn grass is pulled up, the latter is not cut, and weeds are not removed until the mouse hyacinth blooms.
- In the dormant period, muscari should not be watered - this process ends 10-14 days after the end of flowering, at the time of the leaves wither away, but it is necessary to constantly weed the area around it. Fading buds are removed immediately after flowering.
When to replant muscari?
In the care of this flower, there are several nuances inherent in almost the entire family of bulbous. In particular, the change of zones on which the mouse hyacinth grows.
- If the soil is fertile enough, muscari can grow up to 10 years in the selected area, provided that the substrate is constantly renewed naturally. Otherwise, transplantation every 3-4 years is desirable, with the new section necessarily digging up, a certain amount of organic fertilizer is introduced into it, as well as river sand and pebbles. Transplantation is always carried out in the autumn, in the period of rest.
- If muscari is to be seated from a common nest, it is also carried out in September-October, but it is recommended that small bulbs first be planted 7–10 cm from the mother bush, and only after a year should be moved to a new location. Large can be transplanted immediately. The bloom of the copies multiplied by the vegetative way will happen in the 2nd year of life.
Features care for muscari in containers
Since this flower is often grown indoors, but also in summer cottages or well-lit balconies, attention should be paid to a few nuances of care in such conditions.
- If muscari is planted in a container, it will require complex fertilizers during the flowering period, since the soil is not renewed on its own, and for a large number of beautiful buds, there is no place to eat. Schedule feeding - every 2 weeks.
- At the time of planting (autumn), the plastic container should be buried in open ground: this will avoid damage to the roots when digging sprouted bulbs in the spring. The container is buried in the ground every autumn, in order to further the proper development of the bulbs: of course, the container with the holes below is chosen.
- Watering for container muscari is also more frequent: besides the fact that it must be constant during the flowering period of the plant, it is also necessary to water the muscari 2-3 times a month and during the rest period. The only exception is the time from mid-autumn to early spring, when the container is in the ground.
Mouse hyacinth is usually not touched by diseases and pests. When all the above conditions are fulfilled, the flower grows with practically no outside intervention for 8-10 years. On the site looks good in small flower beds, in the company of daffodils, crocuses and tulips, and solo over a large area with dense sowing. Muscari are also attractive as residents of stone gardens.