Miltonia - beautiful orchid, which is often compared with the flower of Pansies due to the fact that its flowers are similar to large motley butterflies.
Many hybrids of this species lost their initial grace in the process of development, but despite this, the flowers of this plant - flat, almost round, saucer-like in shape, with bright color - are very attractive and have a huge number of fans all over the planet.
This orchid is named in honor of the once-living collector of these magnificent flowers - Edlajen Milton. Almost all hybrids are sold for cultivation at home, because they are less whimsical than species orchids.
In nature, miltonia grows at high altitudes, in climates with low temperatures (about 23 degrees), scattered, but abundant lighting and high humidity - up to 80%. Only when creating such conditions at home, you can be sure that the flower will grow and develop and bloom in your home.
Conditions for keeping miltonia at home
- In order to grow miltonia under home conditions, it is first of all necessary to try to create an environment for it that is as close as possible to the natural growth environment. If there is a high air temperature in your house in summer and in winter, the miltonia will have to be kept in a special greenhouse or aquarium, the so-called "orchidarium", where the increased humidity will be constantly maintained, due to this the increased air temperature will be compensated.
- If the windows in the room face north, the flower will have to highlight. In summer, miltonia needs to be protected from direct sunlight, by currying windows to curtains and performing regular airing of the room, but avoiding drafts, because miltonia orchid, like any other flower, suffers from a sharp temperature drop.
- Humidity in the room can be improved by placing a flowerpot on a tray with expanded clay and water, but the water should not touch the pot. The roots of miltonia can not stand the water, but they are very fond of the air.
- in order to prevent overmoistening, a loose and fast-drying soil is used for miltonia, which consists of dried fern roots and boiled pine bark, small charcoal and peat from the top. Drainage of expanded clay, clay shards, foam is mandatory.
- The temperature in winter should not be lower than 12-15 degrees, and in the summer it exceeds 25 degrees.
- Plants for plants choose transparent, so that you can monitor the status of the roots and to ensure photosynthesis. If at the bottom of the pot is salting, you need to change the pot and start watering the plant with soft water.
How to water miltonia?
- It is advisable to water the flower depending on the air temperature and during the year.. during the period of active growth of the plant - in summer and spring, watering should be carried out every day, but in winter, during a lull of growth - as the soil dries up, sometimes reaching even once a week.
- It is best to make a hole in the soil from above and plug it with a piece of moss, and before each irrigation get moss, thereby checking the level of soil moisture. If miltonia is contained in the "Orhidarium", then watering can be replaced by spraying.
- After watering, miltonia needs to be fed with a special fertilizer, but this should be done no more than once a week. In the period of setting the buds, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers should be stopped.
- During the emergence of new sprouts in the plant, with a deficit of moisture, the covering scales may shrivel and prevent the leaves and shoots from developing normally. To prevent such situations, the scales need to be sprayed with water, and if this does not help, then with your hands a little tear them.
- If the water in the plant pot stagnates, the root may start to rot, and this will lead to the death of the plant.
- It is necessary to transplant an orchid only when its growth has noticeably slowed down, and the roots began to outgrow the pot. More often transplantation required every 3-4 years.
- The pot should be of medium size, based on the size of the plant itself. If you choose to transplant too large a pot, there is a risk of slowing the development and growth of the plant. The best thing for this purpose is a plastic pot that has the ability to retain moisture.
- In the hardware stores, a soil mix is sold for orchids, but it can also be prepared by yourself: to do this, you need to take 25% of the small roots of fern, sod land, 25% of small moss and 25% of leafy land.
- Also, when transplanting miltonia, it is necessary to remove the rotted roots, and cuts the sections with crushed activated carbon. The first transplant must be carried out immediately after the purchase of the plant, because it is often sold with already rotted roots.
- After transplanting watering plants need to pause for several days.
By purchasing this wonderful flower, you will never regret it! Let him require special care, but all the efforts invested in caring for the miltonia will be returned to its owner in the form of the delightful beauty of home decoration!