Mastitis is an inflammation that occurs directly in the breast. The development of the disease can occur not only in a nursing cat. Before you start looking for methods to combat this disease, you need to try to determine the exact cause that provoked the beginning of its development. If it is not removed, all medical therapy will be in vain. Mastitis is a very dangerous disease and carries a serious risk to the life of a pet.
Mastitis in a cat: symptoms of illness
During pregnancy, many changes begin to occur in the animal's body, including hormonal ones. There are cases when the cat begins to increase the mammary glands much earlier than the belly grows. This is the first alarming sign, the appearance of which you need to seek help from a veterinarian.
The doctor will conduct a study of the hormonal background of your pet. Not only hormonal imbalance can trigger the onset of mastitis, but also premature lactation, when the kittens are not yet born, and too much milk is produced. As a result, the milk begins to stagnate and turns into flakes, which in turn provokes the onset of inflammation.
Pregnancy is a serious stress for the animal's body, which can easily provoke a strong exacerbation of old chronic ailments. With the onset of an acute period, the development of mastitis can occur even in an animal that has never given birth. As a result of a decrease in immunity, old diseases will dramatically progress.
To provoke mastitis can and increased dryness of the skin, as a result of which nipples begin to crack, dirt gets into the formed wounds, which provokes inflammation. There are cases when mastitis develops as a result of various complications resulting from a false pregnancy.
The development of the disease can occur after childbirth, when the milk stagnation process begins. As a result, a lot of fluid accumulates in the mammary gland, which simply goes dead. This problem may appear at the birth of one or two kittens or with increased lactation.
At an early stage of development it is very difficult to determine mastitis, since many cats do not like it when they touch the stomach. And if the animal has thick long hair, only an experienced veterinarian can diagnose the disease.
The owner should regularly inspect your pet. You can determine mastitis due to the following symptoms:
- there is a slight swelling in the nipples;
- skin reddens;
- palpation felt hard nipples, which can also be hot to the touch;
- nipples are covered with painful cracks, the skin around them cracks;
- when touching the nipples, the animal begins to break out and scratch;
- with a slight pressure on the nipple, a mass resembling a liquid curd occurs.
Mastitis in a cat after weaning kittens develops quite often. At the initial stage of the disease, the host can help the animal himself. However, with the omission of this point, if the disease is allowed to drift, pyrogenic bacteria will trigger the onset of a serious inflammatory process, which in turn causes the formation of a purulent form of the ailment.
How to treat darling?
If the formation of the disease was triggered by increased milk production, fluid consumption is minimized, and the nipples are dragged by pure matter. Perfect sterile bandage. To tie the nipples should be tight, but not dragging, so as not to constrain the movement of the animal. Water is cleaned for a day, but not longer. From the diet you need to completely eliminate the liquid, this also applies to soups, liquid porridges.
Provided the disease flows into a purulent form, during feeding, the kittens must be transferred to artificial feeding, otherwise there is a possibility of death of the entire offspring.
It is not necessary to isolate the animal from the kittens - it is necessary to rewind the nipples, a blanket is put on top, due to which the litter will not be able to reach them. With inflammation of only a few nipples, the bandage is applied solely on them, and the offspring may continue to feed on milk.
If the purulent form of the disease was formed after childbirth, only an experienced veterinarian can treat the animal, so you should not try to carry out independent therapy so as not to aggravate the situation. To remove the severe pains experienced by the animal, a novocainic blockade is used, an abscess dissection is performed. With the help of antibiotics, the infection will be eliminated, and the veterinarian will also perform a local anti-inflammatory treatment.
If the disease manifested itself in an animal that did not give birth, depending on the complexity of the symptoms, it is necessary to contact the clinic. Milk stagnation occurs very often, but with timely detection can be completely eliminated.