Maple trees are tree and shrub plants with a broad dense crown.
There are about one hundred and fifty species of maples. The plant has a powerful trunk, which is covered with brown bark. The bark with age is all dug up with small cracks. It is very dark color sometimes closer to the black shade.
Maples grow in temperate climates. Their habitat is focused on the territories of the countries of the Mediterranean and Central Asia.
The height of the maples can reach thirty meters.
In young shoots cover gentle reddish-grayish tint.
In springtime, leaves start to bloom on maple branches. In their full size, they are eighteen centimeters in length. The leaves are elongated in a very interesting shape, which is caused by the fact that the edges of each leaf are cut, as it were, forming a pattern of five blades.
The usual color of the foliage of maple is dark green, but by the autumn season they acquire pleasant red and orange shades.
During the flowering period, fragrant flowers of deep white color can be observed and felt. They are not located alone, but are collected in small neat inflorescences.
A big plus is maple in its attitude to the cold climate. Cold and hard frosts maple tolerates normally. This is the reason for its active use for the formation of forest-park zones.
Maple is chosen by experts in the field of landscape design. As a rule, this plant is used in group plantings or to create hedges.
Maple hedges can be as single-row planting, and consist of two or more rows.
If you decide to form a hedge in several rows only of maples, it is better to plant them in a checkerboard pattern. Planting will look beautiful when combined with several types of maple with different shapes and colors of foliage.
In landscape design, maple is valued for its peculiar foliage relief, sprawling, thick, well-developed crown and slender tall trunk.
Pleasing to the eye can and maple planting with pine trees. Such hedges look very peculiar in the autumn, when there is a pronounced contrast between the red-orange foliage of maple and evergreen needles.
Maples are very fond of wet soils. Well tolerated shadow.
As for the soil composition, the garden land most suited to humus will suit the maple trees.
You can independently prepare the soil mixture. To do this, you should only mix peat compost, turfy ground and sand in a simple ratio of 3: 2: 1.
Planting procedure takes place in the spring or in the autumn. If maple is used for group planting, the distance between plants is maintained at two to three meters, and when forming a hedge the interval will be between one and a half to two meters.
Planting pits should be prepared, which are up to fifty centimeters in depth, and up to seventy centimeters wide.
You can dig a plant, but a maximum of five centimeters, no more. And best of all, the deepening is not performed.
If your site is located near groundwater or close to a swamp, then it is important to lay drainage in the landing pits. For it, use broken brick or river pebbles. The drainage layer must be at least fifteen to twenty centimeters. The very bottom of the landing pit should be very well loosened.
After laying the drainage, add organic fertilizers to the planting pits and plant your young maples.
After landing, water them well.
Reproduction maple occurs seeds and cuttings.
If you did not apply fertilizer when planting, be sure to add mineral fertilizer next spring.
Make regular loosening of the upper soil layer. Regular watering and eliminating weeds will not be superfluous either.
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