Mallow or, as it is also called, stock-rose is a perennial ornamental plant that can reach a height of up to 250 cm. The plant came to us from Egypt and Greece, where it was already cultivated more than 3 thousand years ago. Mallow is now quite common in Europe, America, Asia and North Africa.
The stock rose is a beautiful and fairly common flower growing in the gardens of central Russia. There are about 30 species of mallow. The flowers of the plant are located in the axils of the leaves. The leaves themselves are covered with fuzzy, petiolate, rounded and have from 5 to 7 blades. Mallow is often cultivated as an ornamental plant for gardens and flower beds.
Mallow: species and varieties
There is a one-year and two-year mallow. By the one year Mallow forest, which, as a rule, does not require special sowing, but reproduces on its own. This may also include the Malvian Moorish.
Perennial species include Malva Sudan, musky, hybrid and wrinkled.
Malwa Sudanese grown seedling way. Before sowing, it is recommended to treat the seeds with potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). When the seedlings grow a little, it is transplanted into disposable cups so as not to damage the roots. In September, a flower is planted in a rather sunny place. Malva turns the garden into a particularly picturesque place that attracts everyone's attention.
Malva forest, unlike other species, must be fed and provide a backup. When the flowering plant ends, the stem is pruned. The flowers of the plant are honey, therefore they are bait for insects, including bees. Mallow forest has beautiful and tender buds, exquisite forms and long stems.
The plant does not require special and careful self-care. The main thing is to provide moderate watering once a week. In a drought, you need to water the flower more abundantly, but so as not to cause stagnation of moisture, because the mallow difficult to tolerate the abundance of water in the hole.
Mallow responds well to the easy fertilization of phosphate-potassium fertilizers and the periodic loosening of the soil. If the plant was planted in open ground, be sure to make a support - this will prevent the stem from breaking. So that in winter your flower will not freeze, cover the bushes with fallen leaves.
Mallow is propagated by seeds, cuttings and division of the bush. Cuttings and division are suitable for hybrid varieties and reproduction occurs in spring.
It is recommended to collect mallow seeds in the middle of summer when they are fully ripe and begin to crumble. Seed can only be planted next spring.
Malva: diseases and pests
As a rule, all diseases of mallow occur due to an overabundance of moisture when you water too much or it rains a lot. The main pests that appear due to moisture are mosaic and powdery mildew. If you find a nidus of disease, be sure to cut off the affected leaves and treat the plants with a fungicide. "Phyto-Doctor" and "Mikosan-V" will be excellent assistants.
Another disease is rust. It can be detected by looking at the back side of the leaves: specks of red-brown color appear on them. Affected leaves quickly wither and fall. Leaves affected by rust are removed, and the mallow is treated with Bordeaux mixture. The following year, refrain from planting a flower in the place where the diseased plant grew.
Aphids and spider mites also belong to pests of this culture. When detecting parasites, be sure to treat the branches with insecticide preparations.
Mallow - a beautiful plant that can decorate any garden area. The most remarkable thing about him is flowering. Large flowers are connected to the outlet, spreading through all the shoots. Mallow color is very diverse. You can grow pink, white, red, yellow, orange, blue and purple plants.