If you are not familiar with such a plant as lobelia, then after seeing it, you will undoubtedly want to grow this beautiful flower. It happens different colors - and white, and pink, and red, and blue, as well as lilac. Lobelia looks harmoniously in a flowerbed, but no less attractive, sitting in balcony drawers, containers, hanging baskets and pots.
This flower is rather tender, therefore, care for it is necessary patient, painstaking and persistent. The most important thing is to grow the seedlings of the plant, by the way, it is in this process that the most problems arise. But if you follow the rules established among flower growers, then lobelia will grow beautiful and healthy!
Lobelia: growing from seed at home
- To grow lobelia seedlings at home, you will first need plastic trays from under the eggs or special containers, flat boxes, fertile soil, glass or plastic film, a watering can with a strainer, and, of course, the plant seeds themselves. Land for planting seeds does not require very much.
- The seeds of this flower are rather small and should be sown superficially, while not sprinkling on top with soil. Instead, a small layer of snow can be poured on top of the soil, and then sown seeds can be sown. In this case, you should not be afraid of too dense sprouts. Some flower growers use toothpicks to sow similar small seeds, namely: moisten their tips with water, then put them in the seeds, and only then on the ground itself. This technique allows you to achieve a bunchy and uniform sowing seedlings.
- After the sowing process is completed, the tray should be covered on top with plastic wrap or glass. You need to know that such crops need to be regularly aired to prevent mold, and the drops of condensate that will accumulate, do not trample the seeds into the soil.
- At a temperature of 18 degrees, the first shoots will appear in 1-2 weeks. Watering them should be very careful not to wash off with water. This is best done with a simple syringe with a needle or a tray. It is necessary to try to keep the top layer of the soil dry, otherwise the plant can infect the "black leg" disease.
- After the first true leaflets appear on the plant, they need to be dived, that is, set apart from each other in different capacities. This can be done not by the 1st germ, but by bunches, that is, several pieces. Then it is necessary to grow seedlings at a temperature of 12-15 degrees and in a lighted place.
- The grown seedlings are planted both in partial shade and in the sunlit places, after the probability of frost has completely passed away. That is, approximately since May. A dense planting and fertile land will eventually result in a rich flowering. If there is a lot of fertilizer in the soil, the plant will produce more greenery than flowers.
- For planting lobelia in containers and balcony boxes you need to use garden soil, which can be purchased at hardware stores. The soil in the growing tank should always be wet. After 3 weeks after disembarkation, the stems should be plucked to better branch the plant. Also, lobelia should be fed every week with fertilizer solution, only it should be diluted in a concentration that is 2 times less than indicated in the instructions for this tool.
- In order for the plant to bloom magnificently, the shoots must be cut to 1/3 immediately after the first flowering. New shoots from Lobelia will grow, and then it will bloom again until the frosts. When autumn comes, you can dig up a bush of a plant and plant it in a pot, that's when it will delight your eyes with its flowering until late autumn. And if you keep it until spring, then dividing it into cuttings, you can get ready seedlings without sowing seeds!
Lobelia varieties are quite a few, most suitable for planting in pots and baskets suitable: Cascade, the flowers are white, pink, blue and purple. Also from the varieties of lobelia can be distinguished: Mirinda (dark pink flowers with a huge white speck); Crystal Palace (many dark blue flowers); Kaiser Wilhelm, also called the Emperor Willy (big flowers in dark blue); Sapphire (bright blue flowers with a white eye).
How to grow lobelia ampelnaya "Sapphire"?
In height, this variety of lobelia reaches 27-35 centimeters, and the bush itself is very branched. The leaves have a light green color, and the flowers themselves are bright blue with a white spot at the bottom of the flower. Since the seeds of this varietal lobelia are very small, before planting they can be mixed with sandy sand and in no case dig up into the ground.
This plant is not too picky for the soils, it survives perfectly on loams with neutral acidity. If too often to feed this species or to plant on the soil too enriched with organic fertilizers, then lobelia will give less flowers and more greenery. So that the ground is less airborne, it can be mixed with sand.
When growing lobelia sapphire in pots or hanging pots, it needs to provide high-quality drainage system. Put it in each cache-pot a few pieces, so it will be more harmonious and more beautiful to look. During the flowering period, lobelia sapphire will be useful fertilizing with potassium sulfate. It is possible to prolong the flowering of the plant by cutting off the bush itself.
To do this, the stems should be cut at a height of about 6-7 cm from the ground, and then fertilize the plant. Then go new shoots, which will begin to bloom in a couple of weeks. So you can extend the flowering period of lobelia of ampelous sapphire until late autumn. By the way, the plant will be better to bloom in well-lit places. Lobelia is very resistant to various floral pests, diseases and insects.
Lobelia ampelous - the most magnificent plant which will become the real decoration of your garden or a balcony. Caring for her, though laborious, does not require any special skills. It is enough to follow the rules of planting seeds, temperature, and also pay attention to the appropriate watering and fertilizing.