Lilies of the valley are perennial plants that begin flowering in late spring. They have beautiful white or slightly pinkish flowers with a very pleasant and rich aroma. Now several varieties of these plants are bred. Their advantage is that they do not require specific care and special conditions, and lilies of the valley also reproduce rather quickly. That is why many people plant these sweet and delicate flowers on their sites.
How to plant lilies of the valley and properly care for them?
It is recommended to plant these flowering plants in areas of the garden where their scent will be immediately noticeable. Arbors and garden paths can be the most suitable. It is very important to restrain the growth of lilies of the valley, especially this is important if you decide to plant them near cemented paths and gazebos. The plants have very strong and powerful roots, they can lead to cracking of the coating. Even when the lilies of the valley blossom, they will still maintain their decorative effect, thanks to the beautiful green leaves.
Culture refers to those plants that do not like the neighborhood with others. But nevertheless it can be cultivated in joint plantings with species whose roots are close to the surface of the earth and which multiply with the help of whiskers or layering. Ideally for planting along with lilies of the valley, such plants will do: Yasnotka, akvilegiya, zhivuchka, Zelenchuk. Planted next door, they will create an excellent picture of forest raznotravya. When growing lilies of the valley you will not have to spend a lot of effort, they will not require painstaking care and a lot of time. The main thing is to plant them at the right time and you can forget about flowers for a long time. Even in abandoned areas without regular watering and care, they grow and multiply perfectly for many years. But still, if you want your plants to be healthy, beautifully and richly bloomed, then when planting and care should follow certain rules.
The choice of location is a very important stage in the landing of any culture, and the lilies of the valley is no exception. Since these flowers are forest, they are very fond of moisture and shade. It is necessary to plant lilies of the valley where various trees and bushes grow. They perfectly tolerate shading, unlike other garden ornamental plants, and will decorate your garden where other flowers do not grow well. But do not plant lilies of the valley in thick shadow, if you want them to bloom.
Plants do not like the wind, especially strong. Therefore, they are not recommended to land on well-blown areas. Lilies of the valley growing in the wind are not likely to bloom. The place where you need to grow these flowers should be protected from the wind by powerful trees or dense bushes, a wall of a building or a fence.
Propagated plants rhizomes. On the site they grow well without human help. After flowering, lilies of the valley form red small fruits with seeds, but the method of reproduction by them is unproductive. Although sometimes new instances grow as a result of self-seeding.
How to transplant lilies of the valley and restrain their growth?
It is advisable not to replant the lilies of the valley too often, they do not like it. Ideally, they should immediately be planted on the place where they will grow for several years. It is desirable to transfer to a new site in autumn time, namely in September or October. The soil must be prepared in advance, it must be deeply dug up and fertilized with humus and mineral fertilizers.
For planting, it is necessary to select the rhizomes, on which there are already buds or leaves in its infancy. When disembarking you need to ensure that the roots do not bend. Sprouts need 1-2 cm sprinkle with loose and moist soil. Lilies of the valley should be planted in rows, keeping a distance of 10 cm between the bushes, between rows - 20 cm.
Gentle and fragile at first glance, the plant has strong and powerful roots that can penetrate the soil 40 cm and completely braid the upper layers of the earth. If you want to grow many different types of flowers in a flowerbed and in the garden, lilies of the valley will have to be restrained in growth and reproduction. The simplest thing you can do is to protect the place with lilies of the valley with iron, slate or similar materials. Moreover, the fence should go deep into 50 cm or more.
Features care for lilies in the open field
When newly planted plants take root, they will need to be fed with humus or other organic fertilizers. Rooting occurs 25-30 days after disembarkation. In mineral fertilizers, the plant will need only 2 years of life.
It is very important to constantly maintain the moisture of the soil on which the lilies of the valley grow, but it is not worth much to pour it. Excessive damp in a flower bed is destructive for any plant. Weeds in a bed with lilies of the valley are very few, because they survive the rest of the plants. But still, if there are weeds, pull them by hand immediately after watering.
In addition to the containment of growth, you will sometimes have to thin out the plantings of the lilies of the valley. It is best to do this procedure every 2-3 years. If they grow too thick, flowering may stop or decrease significantly. And instead of 12-14 flowers on 1 stalk there will be only 2 or 3.
The frost resistance of these flowers is very high, they winter well without any shelter even in very cold climatic zones. If you purchase breeding varieties, pay attention to the recommendations for wintering.
If we talk about diseases, often lilies of the valley affects the gray vegetable rot, which is easy to get rid of with the help of special means - fungicides. You can buy them in stores for gardeners. Of the pests, flowers are often attacked by nematodes, onion rattles and sawflies. Sick plants must be immediately destroyed so that the disease is not transmitted to all the rest of the bushes.
Lily of the valley is a very beautiful, but poisonous plant. Try to explain this to your children. Cases of poisoning are very common when babies try red berries of a culture appetizing in appearance. In addition, the flowers have a very strong smell, so they are not recommended to put in the bedroom. But on a shady flowerbed, lilies of the valley have no equal in beauty! At restraint of growth and the minimum leaving this fine flower will please you for many years.