The lilac blossoming bush is a luxurious decoration of any dacha! At first glance it seems that the plant does not need special care. Indeed, lilac unpretentious, but requires some care and attention.
Planted lilac desirable or in sunny areas or in light partial shade. In the shadow of the plant can not be placed.
The pit for planting should be deep, with overheated loose earth. The plant does not tolerate close to the groundwater, therefore, low areas are not suitable for it. It is better to plant lilac either in early spring or at the end of summer - early autumn, September is most suitable for this. If you decide to start planting in the spring, then buy seedlings in a container so that the root system is closed. Otherwise there is the likelihood that the lilacs will not take root well or die.
After you have planted a shrub, be sure to water it. In the water for irrigation, you can add any drug that stimulates rooting. It is advisable to cover the top layer of soil with hay with a layer of 6-8 cm, which will protect the soil from drying out and weeds, and then, turning into humus, will be food for lilacs. This plant can grow for a long time in one place, sometimes all its life.
Lilac care after flowering
- Lilacs need regular pruning. In the 3rd year of the shrub appear strong numerous shoots. They further form skeletal branches.
- Exactly pruning after flowering determines how well the plant will bloom.
- Lilac reacts favorably to fertilizer. Every spring bushes need to be fed with nitrogen. The top dressing from ashes and organic fertilizers is well acquired during formation of buds, during flowering.
- Phosphate and potash fertilizers are best applied in the autumn of 1 every 2-3 years. They are placed on top of the soil under the lilac, with subsequent digging. This is due to the fact that part of the shrub root system is located in the upper soil layer. The best fertilizer is rotted manure (horse and cow).
- Remember, feeding for lilac is necessary, but you should not get carried away with nitrogen fertilizers, including organic, because of them the plant will bloom badly, it is harder to tolerate frosts.
How to prune the lilac after flowering?
- In early spring, choose on the bush 6-10 strong shoots that are farthest from each other and create the outline of the plant. Cut the remaining branches, with the small ones directed inward to the crown, cut out completely, and the stronger ones, shorten slightly.
- Such thinning and sanitary pruning of lilac should be done every spring, when the buds are already growing.
- Pruning is obligatory, otherwise shoots under faded floral tassels will weaken. Therefore, as soon as the lilac ottsvetet, it should be cut off. The sooner you do this, the better new shoots will develop and flowering will be especially lush.
- It should be borne in mind that pruning sometimes causes the shrub to bloom in a year. Lilac pruning shears are formed, and large branches are cut down. Places of cuts need to be painted over.
- The basic principle of pruning is to remove all small branches. They do not bloom and can take a lot of power from the plant.
- If the branch is small and thin shoots, you need to remove it completely. Inflorescences must be removed immediately after flowering (only inflorescences without a branch are removed).
- Never break off a shrub, it will damage the kidneys that will not bloom next year.
- It is necessary to remove all overgrowths, leaving only healthy shoots, which in the future will replace the old ones.
- To care for the lilac during flowering, you need to cut the branches from the abundant flowering bushes.
- After the plant has faded, all dry inflorescences need to be carefully cut.
- Be sure to carry out sanitary pruning in the spring and autumnwith the removal of diseased and drying branches, growing inside the bush of shoots. Do not forget formative trim, under which you need to follow, so that the kidneys remain.
- Before you cut and put flowers in a vase, you need to know some tricks, so that lush inflorescences longer delight you with their fragrance and beauty:
- Refresh oblique cuts, making a new sharp knife under the water. The best way is to stretch the ends of the shoots with a hammer.
- It is better to cut the lilac from young bushes than from old ones.
- In the water, which is a bouquet of lilac, add a little citric or acetic acid (but not sugar).
- To preserve inflorescences in a bouquet longer, a significant part of the leaves must be removed.
Lilac bush unpretentious, but despite this, it looks spectacular. With landing and leaving anyone can handle, even a beginner, summer resident. Observing the rules of planting, watering and pruning, you will grow a luxurious plant that will decorate your summer cottage.