Liatris is an unusual and beautiful flower. It has large complex inflorescences, which consist of many very small buds. The aroma of this plant is pleasant and pronounced, a lot of insects gather on it. Butterflies and bees are especially popular with liatris. Grow this perennial on the site is quite simple.
Common types of liatris: plant description
Liatris refers to perennial flowers. It has a rather powerful underground part, represented by an abundance of roots with tubers. Upper - refined and delicate, represented by inflorescences that can be purple, blue and white, as well as pink. The leaves are in light green color. The minimum height of the aerial part of the plant is 50 cm, and the maximum is 1 m. Most of the flowers are collected at the top of peduncles.
At the moment there are about 20 types of liatris, which are actively used to decorate flower beds, gardens and city parks. Varieties differ in plant height, density of small flowers on the inflorescence, shades, periods of active flowering. But these differences are not so pronounced, all varieties are very similar to each other, sometimes it is difficult to distinguish them.
Liatris spikelet Came to us from the southeast of North America. The height of the plant is on average 50 cm, it has many leaves and powerful rhizomes with bulbs. The leaves of such a liatrix are elongated, linear, light green. Small flowers are collected in small baskets, each is from 8 to 13 flowers. The length of the spike inflorescence is 35 cm. The flowers have a tubular structure, the color is purple red or white. The period of active flowering in spikelet licatrix begins in June and ends in July. On average, it lasts from 35 to 40 days. In place of flowers form peculiar fruits with seeds.
Grungy liatris has small flowers of a very beautiful lavender hue. This species is considered to be rare, but now it can be purchased in many flower shops. There is also a white variety of rough liatris, it is called "White Spire".
The membranous liatris has wide leaves, in the diameter of their size is 2.5 cm. The inflorescences are beautiful and deep lavender-pink shade. In the variety "Alba" the flowers are white and tender, and the variety "SeptemberGlory" has large buds, the height of the inflorescence is at least 1 m.
Liatris: features of landing and care with photos plants
It is very important to choose the right soil and place for planting. Liatris loves good light and plenty of sunshine. It is important for him to grow in a spacious area, so the distance between the flowers should be quite large. It is recommended to give preference to places where there is direct access to the sun's rays, the plant needs the earth to constantly warm up.
The soil must be fertile or well fertilized, and just before planting the plants, the ground must be well loosened and watered. It is better to plant the bulbs at once on the place where it will grow constantly. He doesn’t like frequent transplanting, so think over the design of your flower bed in advance.
The flower with other perennial ornamental plants looks beautiful, it is in harmony with almost all flowering plants in the flowerbed. Liatris looks very impressive at the borders and alleys, make them walkways in your garden or plant them near the veranda. The dried inflorescences of liatris can be used for decorative purposes to create flower arrangements.
Liatris: planting and care in the open field
- Like other plants. Liatris also has individual subtleties of cultivation and care. It reproduces mainly with bulbs, although planting of seeds is not excluded. The bulbs should be planted on the prepared, fertilized and loosened soil in early May. The immersion depth should be no more than 3 cm. It is important to observe the correct distance between the plants, the bulbs should be planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other. If it is cut, the tuber will be. Buy bulbs in special flower shops or floriculture centers, there for each bulb you will be given a description, a photo of an adult plant and recommendations on cultivation and care.
- Growing by dividing rhizomes is the simplest and most effective. Reproduction shifts practiced as well, but very rarely. The fact is that the seeds of this plant are mostly inferior, they have poor germination. The plant has a lot of seeds, and if you decide to multiply it in this way, you should follow certain rules.
- Sow seeds need in a cold greenhouse at the very beginning of April or even at the end of March. You can sow liatris and open garden beds. After 10-14 days seedlings should appear, they will be much less than the seeds that you sowed. Small plants need to be grown until mid-October. When the above-ground section dies off in the autumn, it will be necessary to dig up the bulbs and store them in containers filled with earth until spring. After they are planted in a permanent place.
- Before planting, sort the over-winded liatris tubers. Good bulbs should be large and tight, not less than 6 cm in diameter. In spring, the plant begins to germinate, the first seedlings can be seen in early April. You do not need to cover the plant for the winter, it is well tolerate frosts up to - 5 degrees. But if you live in an area where there is very cold weather, it will still be necessary to cover the flower.
- Liatris needs preparation for wintering. In the autumn, it is recommended to cut above-ground parts and cover the soil surface with leaves or peat. This is done in order to keep moisture in the ground. It is necessary to protect the flower tubers from various rodents, they love them very much.
- As for watering, the liatris does not like a large amount of moisture. Watering it is required as needed when you find that the ground near the stem has dried. Drought is also detrimental to the flower, the optimum will be moderate regular watering. If you add too much moisture, the tubers and roots will rot and die. It is also necessary to regularly remove weeds and loosen the soil between the plants, the bulbs need free access of air.
- Liatris is a strong and unpretentious plant, but it can still get sick or be attacked by pests. All parts of the crop from rhizomes to flowers are exposed to adverse factors and insects. Often liatris harms the bear, the striped beetle, a nutcracker and many others. other garden insects. Roots and tubers can eat snails and slugs, you need to deal with them with insecticides, which are scattered in the right quantities at the roots.
Such a beautiful and original plant as liatris will become a luxurious decoration of your flower bed and garden. To care for him is quite simple, the flower grows quickly. Liatris can be used to form a garden plot in combination with other perennial plants and small bushes.