Plants from the family of vines - the most frequent guests in the suburban areas of any type, as well as balconies. In most cases, they can boast of unpretentiousness, resistance to temperature extremes and climate change. Their decorative functions are almost the main reason for the high demand for them. Ipomoea, planting and care for which does not cause any particular difficulties, is especially loved in the middle lane.
Ipomoea: photos of flowers and variety
Another name for this plant is farbitis, although more often it is called simply convolvulus. At the same time, it can be familiar not only from dacha plots. Vertical carpets with green leaves, hearts and opened pink and purple gramophone colors adorn the city walls, even in public areas. Masking any of the most unsightly parts of the surface, decorating the column, creating a shady area in the gazebo - all this can be done ipomee. But in order to get maximum efficiency from the plant, you will have to go a little deeper, especially in growing it.
Of the currently existing varieties of this liana, 3 groups received a special distribution in the middle lane: Batata, Kalonikton, and Tricolor Ipomoea. With the first all is more than clear. This is not so much an ornamental plant as functional: its tubers are suitable for food. Among the remaining, there are several varieties.
- The genus Kalonikton is famous for its blooming ipomoea, which is distinguished from other species by stunning delicate white “caps” and very long shoots, sometimes reaching 6 m. The branchiness in this variety is increased. Therefore, it is ideal for hiding walls or even creating a dense and wide carpet. The diameter of the flowers can be 15 cm. In addition, they have a pronounced aroma.
- In tricolor ipomoea, shoots are slightly shorter - 4-5 m., But this fact does not detract from the attractiveness in the eyes of gardeners. Its name, as it is easy to assume, she received for the variability of shades. The core of the flower does not change, remaining yellow, but the petals can be either pure white or blue, or with a mixture of these tones. In addition, there are purple and raspberry species. For life expectancy - annual.
- Sort FlyingSaucers love for blue (rarely - pink) flowers with white divorces and can be considered one of the most unusual in terms of colors among other types of Ipomoea. At PearlyGates, on the contrary, the base is white. But the middle is often golden yellow. EarlyCallMixture is famous for its crimson gamut with purple and lilac splashes. Also interesting white edge and easy deformation of flowers.
- But it is worth noting the Spanish flag. Of all her fellows, she is knocked out in the form of flowers, similar to drops. The inflorescences resemble spikelets 18-20 cm long. The variations of shades are interesting. Over the entire period of flowering, they go from red to cream stages, gradually changing. You can observe such beauty from the very beginning of August until the first severe cold. In terms of life - annual. Not the largest - its height will not exceed 3 m.
Characteristics of growing seeds
Garden Ipomoea species are most often planted with seeds. The landing scheme for them is the same as for other annuals. The start of work is in March. Sowing is carried out in small containers that will be kept at home. Immediately send seeds to open ground in the spring can not. Initially, they are soaked in a special solution for 3-4 hours. Only then they pour out randomly into the prepared soil.
The soil is selected so that both peat with humus and earth are included in it. Some varieties require peat pots. Like other annuals, morning glory seeds are covered with a thin layer of substrate, after which shoots are expected within 10 days. All this period, the capacity of seedlings is in the temperature range of 18-20 ° C. For those 2 months that the lianabud will gain strength and stretch at home, it will have to be transplanted several times, changing the volume of the pot. If there is not one instance in the container, the rest should be 10-15 cm away from it.
Planting ipomoea and plant care
In the open ground Ipomoea moves after the retreat of the cold. This is usually the 10th of June. Despite its loyalty to frost, immature shoots are very sensitive. In addition, travel from one place to another. Liana does not like. Therefore, in order to maintain the conditions comfortable for it, it is necessary to dig it out, leaving a lot of ground around the roots from the previous pot. This is relevant both for transfer to the open ground, and for the usual procedure of changing the tank in an apartment. Between themselves, copies are spread by 30 cm.
Like any vine, Ipomoea requires a support that will not allow it to become a horizontal carpet. At the dacha it can be any walls or columns. At home you will need a thick and high stick. Or, ampelous varieties are selected, and the tub with the plant is attached to the ceiling. But the most preferred solution is the grid and placement of the Ipomoea on the balcony, along the wall or curb.
Fertilizers for the Ipomoea are recommended to select those that contain a low proportion of nitrogen. Mostly mineral. Increasing the nitrogen content will not destroy the plant, but will reduce the abundance of its flowering. But the foliage will grow. Top dressing is carried out 2 times a month: it is introduced into the substrate in liquid form. In itself, the soil is not enough that must be drained, so also must have available humus and lime.
When choosing a place for Ipomoea, you should know that she loves the sun very much. In Asia, she was called her morning face for such a feature. Attentive gardeners will notice that during the day flowers will follow the luminary everywhere, turning in the course of its movement. In the afternoon they may close at all. Without a proper amount of sun, the ipomoea will begin to languish and even stop blooming.
Watering - another nuance, which is in the schedule of care for liana. Although she doesn’t thank for the excess moisture, the drought on her is reflected in the flowers. With a shortage of water, their diameter will be less than expected.
Like other plants, ipomoea is prone to pests. Her favorite was the spider mite, whitefly and aphid. Certain insecticides are chosen against each of them, and in order to prevent the first parasite from attacking, it is worth constantly spraying the vine with water. Another possible disease is rotting of the roots, usually caused by over-irrigation. Here you just need to change the schedule for wetting the substrate and loosen the soil.
We grow a flower in the apartment
In apartment conditions, the most common ampel is bred. Unlike garden versions, home is not so simple. To the above nuances, a special composition of the substrate is added. It should contain sand with peat, as well as leafy and sod land. They add a little humus. The very bottom of the tank, in which the vine will live, is laid by drainage.
Watering is carried out with the frequency that does not allow the top layer of soil to dry. In the warm season, fertilizers are introduced once every 15 days, and in the cold season - once every 30 days. The choice stops either on universal blends, or on highly specialized (for ampelous colors). If you wish to propagate such ipomeyu, it is worthwhile to act according to the grafting algorithm with the creation of a greenhouse by covering the seedling containers.
Purely outwardly ampelous species are slightly different from garden varieties. At a minimum, leaves are tinged with purple instead of green. And the flowers are usually red or light lilac, at the edges going into whiteness. An additional nuance is the strong dislike of the plant for drafts and wind. Therefore, the place where there will be an ampelous ipomoea is selected as protected as possible. Experts advise that the pots themselves should look for light shades so that they do not overheat when exposed to sunlight.
Even if you do not have a dacha, nothing prevents to grow ipomeyu on your balcony or even in the living room. Armed with these tips, you are able to provide proper care for such a difficult flower in any conditions. A luxurious carpet with small "gramophone" diversifies any terrain.