Everyone is used to mustard, which is sold at any grocery store. We add such mustard to the dishes as a seasoning or spice, spread on a loaf or bread. We know the excellent property of mustard - to protect the human body from the harmful effects of microbes, equating it with products such as horseradish or garlic.
But you must eat mustard green, there are a lot of useful substances in it. To eat green mustard, people grow leaf mustard, or salad.
Leaf mustard description
Mustard leaf, or salad - an annual plant. In height can reach one and a half meters. Her stem is naked, branched. The leaves are pale green with purple-blue veins. The leaves have the smell of mustard and delicate thin bitter taste. The flowers are quite small, golden-yellow color, collected in inflorescences. The fruit is a pod. Seeds are yellow or dark brown in color, small, round shape.
The most common varieties of leaf mustard are: early ripening, southerner, non-sprinkling, as well as some Japanese varieties.
Useful properties of mustard leaf
Leaf mustard is a very useful plant, rich in vitamins. Its leaves contain large amounts of vitamin C, as well as vitamins Bone, AT2, PP, A. In addition to vitamins, mustard leaf is useful for iron, phosphorus, magnesium.
Mustard leaf cultivation
- Leaf mustard is a fairly cold-resistant plant. In addition, it is famous for its precocity. It can be eaten within half a month after sowing.
- It is possible to grow leaf mustard both indoors and outdoors.
- Leaf mustard is not demanding on the composition of the soil. However, it is best suited for her fertile soil, well-fertilized, rich in organic matter.
How and when to plant leaf mustard?
Lettuce mustard seeds should be planted in early spring. Usually they are sown thickly, if necessary, they can then be pulled through. 15-20 days after sowing the first mustard seeds, the seeds should be sown again. So during the summer do several times. It all depends on the amount of leaf mustard you need.
- Rows in the garden should be located at a distance of thirty centimeters (plus or minus five centimeters). The embedment depth must be no deeper than half a centimeter.
- Thin out the mustards ten centimeters between plants. It is necessary to thin out only when two or three leaflets appear on them.
- Leaf mustard leaf is weeding and sufficient watering. Salad mustard is very demanding on the amount of moisture. With a lack of water, crops are developing poorly.
- Leaf mustard is a relative of watercress. Therefore, it should also be grown with a slight shade. In the sun, with high air temperature and low humidity, mustard leaves become coarse and acquire a not particularly pleasant aftertaste.
- If mustard does not grow well, it can be fed (after thinning!) With nitrogen fertilizers.
- When the plants have grown ten centimeters, they can already be collected. To do this, they are pulled out along with the root.
- To get seed seedlings, shoot arrows 25 days after sowing. They bloom and give seeds.
Mustard leaves are used fresh. They are put in sandwiches, added to various salads, used as a side dish for all kinds of fish and meat dishes.
Juicy young stems of mustard salad canned, dried and salted. Leaf mustard increases appetite, promotes the release of gastric juice, has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.
Mustard leaf sprouts are used to make spicy seasoning for sandwiches. Enjoy your meal!