Lavender is a beautiful ornamental and medicinal plant. She is called the queen of aromatherapy because lavender essential oil used to treat many ailments and relax the body. It helps with headaches, fights insomnia.
The name of the plant received from the word "wash". In Latin, this verb sounds like lava. It is no coincidence that this verb gave the name lavender, because in ancient times women often used lavender decoction for washing, and also took a bath with lavender.
The appearance of lavender
Lavender - a perennial evergreen ornamental and medicinal plant. It belongs to the family of Labia. In height reaches 60- 80 cm.
The leaves of lavender narrow, lanceolate form. The flowers are small flowers, collected in inflorescence. The color of flowers lilac - purple. The exact color of the flowers takes its name from the name of the plant - lavender.
Because of the pleasant strong aroma, flowers are widely used in perfumery, aromatherapy. Medicinal properties of the plant are used in medicine, cosmetology, and traditional medicine.
Types of lavender
To date, rarely meet a plant that does not have its variations. Lavender is no exception. Lavender has several types. The most common of them are the following types:
- english - the most popular of all kinds;
- french - the most beautiful of all kinds, though not so fragrant;
- spanish - moderately beautiful, widely used in perfumery.
French lavender is often used for decorating areas.In addition, there are many hybrids of these types of lavender and its other species.
Lavender - unpretentious in growing the plant. Even lean but light soils are suitable for it. However, choose for it all the same dry places or areas sown with steppe culture.Lavender looks good on the slopes and in rock gardens.
If your site is created in the English style, then lavender should become an integral part of the decor. Best of all, it will be combined with flowers of yellow shades and roses. By the way, the combination of roses and lavender is a classic.
Planting and reproduction of lavender
Try to grow lavender from seeds. Harden the seeds a little before planting seedlings at home. Plant two or three month old seedlings in open ground in spring, as soon as the earth warms up well. If you do not want to grow seedlings at home, and want to sow the seeds immediately in open ground, then do it in the late fall.
The distance between the plants should be equal to their height. However, if you decide to use lavender as a hedge, then plant it more closely.
Yet The best way to plant lavender is planting cuttings.To do this, in the beginning of summer, cut the cuttings about 10 cm long. Treat cuttings with cuttings with stimulants to form strong roots. Plant future seedlings in one of two mixtures: either just sand or peat with sand in equal proportions. Plant shallowly at a distance of no more than 5 cm deep. Cover the greenhouse with polyethylene, periodically ventilate it.
You can multiply lavender except cuttings dividing the bush. This is usually done in the fall or spring. It should be noted that lavender is well propagated by self-sowing. Therefore, if you want to get rid of it, then you will not succeed immediately.
- Because lavender unpretentious care, then even a beginner in garden art can grow it.
- You need to choose sunny places for it..
- Lavender is a perfect cut.
- Do not forget to periodically loosen the soil, on which lavender grows. Spud the soil while loosening, so the plant will produce new green shoots.
- Watering should not be abundant, because the plant does not like high humidity. In rainy years, it can grow poorly and bloom, and even partially die.
- Lavender is practically not affected by diseases or infections by pests. This will greatly please novice gardeners.
To use lavender for medicinal purposes and to maintain your beauty, you can dry the lavender. For this, the flowers should open well. Then collect flowering shoots and dry them in a well-ventilated and slightly shaded place. Lavender should not be dried in the bright sun.
With proper care, lavender will delight you with an extraordinary view of its flowering shoots.. If desired, lavender will help you with various ailments and transform you. Dried sprigs of lavender will help to cope with insomnia, calm down and restore the nervous system!