Lianas on the dacha - frequent guests. With their help, it is easy to disguise an unsightly wall at home, decorate a gazebo or hedge, or even make a flower carpet in a meadow. In addition to the well-known convolvulus, other lianas are also grown in gardens today: for example, Kobea is climbing, arrived from the tropical part of America, but quickly mastered the climate of the middle zone, even if it retrained for this reason on an annual basis.
By its nature, this tall shrub, which has stems that twine and cling to most surfaces, is a perennial. However, due to its heat-lovingness, a kobey in the middle lane can only be grown as an annual: it will not survive the cold even in the southern regions. The main subspecies of a flower grown in dacha plots is a Kobe Lazy - a classic representative of its kind. The length of its stems is capable of reaching 6 m., While the shoots are dotted with antennae, which help the plant to cling to the ground, metal, tree and other materials.
The leaves are openwork, in the shape of a heart with a rough surface, only shade the main highlight of Kobei - its flowers are bluebells, whose diameter is 8 cm, and they themselves are often grouped in groups of 2-3 pieces. The main color range of petals in the climbing Kobey is purple and blue, but varieties with crimson, white and even light green shades are found. The flowering period, subject to all growing conditions of climbing Kobey, is from the beginning of July to the middle of autumn, when the frost hits. If you put it on the balcony, you can slightly extend this time, but in early November the plant will definitely go to rest.
If you plan to propagate kobey, you need to wait until the flowers wither, leaving the boxes for fairly large seeds: 14-15 pieces per 1 g. In an open area, the plant survives to this state only in the southern regions, so in most cases it is necessary to purchase seeds from the store, or to propagate it by grafting. To this end, in the autumn bushes are cut so that their height is reduced to 35 cm, and removed in a place devoid of drafts for the whole winter. And in the spring, in March-April, short shoots are taken from them for cuttings.
How to grow Kobe from seed?
Growing a climbing Kobe from seed can cause a lot of questions for novice gardeners, so it is worth carefully and accurately follow the advice of professionals: this plant, though not among the most capricious, still can tire in caring for it at the initial stage. However, this is characteristic of almost all tropical inhabitants transported to the middle lane with a sharply continental climate.
- Kobei seeds are better prepared and sent to the soil later than before, so gardeners do not recommend to think about the need for sowing until mid-spring. The optimal time for this is the last days of March or the beginning of April: the seedlings will have time to get stronger by the time the weather is warm enough, not in a hurry to change again in the cold. Unlike other plants, a kobeya will not wait for the necessary time. Its shoots are gaining strength very quickly, and any delay is fraught with a window sill, window or batteries tightened with long shoots, depending on the capacity of the seedlings. Among other creepers, Kobayu is distinguished not so much for large, bright flowers and long stems, but for the speed and extent of its growth: few climbing plants are able to cover the necessary area with such speed as kobey does.
- Despite this active growth, seeds require pre-treatment, which will improve and accelerate their germination by 1-2 weeks. Traditionally, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is used for this, although some gardeners resort to Epin's help. The duration of the seeds in the liquid - 36-48 hours, and it is desirable to first pour them into the fabric, and only then lower the bundle into the solution so that the seeds do not float to the surface.
- It is better not to take a large Kobei growing container, but to immediately find it by the number of seeds: almost every one of them will rise, and it is very difficult to separate the woven seedlings even at an early stage. Gardeners noted that even later they had to plant bushes on the site as a group, since they did not want to be uncoupled.
- When the soil consisting of a universal earthen substrate is diligently loosened and moistened, the seeds are laid flat in cups and well sprinkled with the same earth: the layer must be at least 1.2-1.5 cm. After that, they are slightly moistened again with water from the spray gun, the earth is pressed a little with palms, and the containers are tightened with a film, which is important to fix very well. Humidity created inside the tank should not decrease. Additionally, you should take care of the air temperature, maintaining it at 22 degrees. This will allow Kobe feel in natural conditions.
- If the procedure was carried out according to all the rules, in 2-3 weeks shoots will be noticed, to which support sticks, 40-50 cm in height, are immediately substituted. But until the Kobe is transferred to open ground, 85-90 days are counted from the day of sowing. The term may decrease by 10-12 days, if shoots appeared earlier, and the street temperature was fixed at around 21 degrees. This is usually the beginning or middle of June, but a later Kobe transplant is possible.
- An important caveat is that Kobei is not too loyal to picking, so some professionals advise sowing it in peat cups or foil “sleeves” filled with earth. When the time of transplantation is right, it will be enough to remove the foil without injuring the root system of the plant, and place the seedling in the dug hole.
Kobeya lazyaschaya: photos in the garden and recommendations for placement
Since a kobeya of any kind and variety is a liana, it places some demands on its placement in the garden. In particular, it needs a support, for which numerous antennae of the plant will catch. For this reason, kobei is most often “settled” near the walls of houses, but it should be the south side, where there will be no constant shadow and coolness. Liana will appreciate the warmth emanating from the house, so this method of placement is even more preferable for her than an open area and a thin metal mesh-partition. In addition, the wall of the house will serve as a good protection from the north wind, the most dangerous for Kobei.
But the most interesting support for the plant, according to gardeners, is a dry, lifeless tree: the vine will tighten it for several months, at the same time hiding its unpresentable look. But it’s better not to plant Kobeya with live trees: she grabs her support so much that it can cause her death. Therefore, any surface for which the climbing Kobe will be fixed should not be alive: gypsum columns, wooden slats, metal mesh, etc.
For seedlings, holes are pre-prepared, between which a distance of 45-50 cm is maintained - this is necessary so that the overgrown bushes do not intertwine with each other, taking light from each other. The substrate in the hole is made up of turf land, peat, not sifted sand and humus. The circle around the planted bush must be mulched with leaves or straw to insulate the fragile surface root system. After landing Kobe necessarily watered with warm water.
It is worth noting that, despite the fact that in the middle lane, a Kobe is climbing as an annual, its lifespan can be extended. To do this, in October, the bushes are cut and carried away to a room protected from the wind. The air temperature in it should not fall below 10 degrees - then in the spring the bushes can be re-planted on the site. If autumn comes early in your region, then Kobey should be dug out as soon as frosts begin: at a temperature of 0 degrees, it is advisable not to keep the plant outside. Although according to some gardeners, after a light frost of -2 degrees Kobe was able to step back and continue flowering. However, it is better not to risk and take care of a comfortable wintering bush in an apartment or a country house.
Growing kobey from seeds in the middle lane requires careful attention from the gardener: this liana may not be the most capricious plant, but it is definitely not created for beginners. In addition to the fact that light and heat are important to it, and even weak frosts are unacceptable, the kobey are very fond of birds, so it should be protected with special diligence.