Jacquard patterns recently at the peak of its popularity. Various northern motifs are very often found in everyday clothes: on hats, scarves, sweaters, dresses, jackets and other knitted products. Knitting such patterns is not so difficult as it may seem at first glance. Today we want to tell you how to knit jacquard patterns according to the schemes describing the process.
What are jacquard patterns: schemes
Jacquard is a special knitting technique, in which ornaments are knitted with threads of two, sometimes three, alternating in the same row.
The most popular classical ornaments are Norwegian or, as they are also called, Scandinavian jacquard patterns.
Scandinavian knitting patterns: schemes
Let's look at the most common pattern of knitting jacquard patterns:
- In the diagrams and descriptions of the techniques, northern motifs are most often represented: from simple snowflakes to various compositions with deer and Christmas trees.
- For those needlewomen who do not like to mess with the interlacing of threads, lazy jacquard is specially invented. The technique of its implementation is simple and clear even for beginners.
- Slightly more difficult to perform will be products connected under the skins of various animals.
- You can please the kids by tying a sweater with ornaments of various animals or fairy-tale characters, ships, etc.
- Women's jacquard patterns on the finished works look very nice and tender. These are various compositions of flowers: roses, camomiles, lilies.
- For knitting men's sweaters, hats and scarves are perfectly suited simple geometric composition, made in the technique of interweaving yarns from different colors.
How to read jacquard patterns?
Norwegian patterns knitting needles with diagrams are most often represented without a description. However, you should not be afraid of it, it is very easy to read such schemes, even for beginners, since you can clearly see from them which drawing should turn out in the finished work.
Each cell in the pattern for knitting a jacquard pattern with knitting needles is one loop, and the horizontal line is a row. Rows that are knitted with face loops should be read from left to right, and purl loops - from right to left. If in addition to the scheme there are notes that the work is knitted on circular knitting needles, then all rows are knitted only with facial eyelets.
When knitting a Scandinavian pattern in a classic stocking way, the scheme of work is read from top to bottom. The shaded cells in the diagrams indicate the color gamut, and the empty cells represent the main background color of knitting.
How to knit jacquard two-color patterns with knitting needles?
As mentioned above, almost all jacquard patterns are knitted with a thread of two colors. This is done with the intention that the ornament pattern is not too thick and does not stand out strongly against the background of the finished work.
Jacquard patterns with broach
For knitting two-tone jacquard patterns, 2 knitting techniques are used to make knitting. The essence of the first one is that the loops are knitted with the color specified in the scheme, and the unnecessary thread goes into the broach from the wrong side of the knitting.
The main difficulty in knitting jacquard patterns for beginners is the correct broach of the thread behind the canvas. Too much tension will fold in the finished work. If the thread is not tight enough, then, on the contrary, gaps will appear.
When knitting jacquard patterns with broaches, it should be taken into account that the background color should be darker than the pattern, otherwise broaches can be seen from the front side of the work.
Jacquard patterns without broaches
The second method is the so-called jacquard patterns without broaches, when the threads do not stretch freely along the row, but are evenly woven into the work. In this case, from the seamy side, free broaches are not formed, but honeycombs are obtained from two interlacing threads: broaching and working.
Patterns and descriptions of such jacquard patterns needles are popular when knitting for children, as when putting on the fingers do not cling to the threads on the wrong side. In addition, hinged broaches create a convex relief that serves as an additional decoration.
Bilateral jacquard patterns
Another way, which can be attributed to jacquard patterns without broaches, is double-sided knitting. With this method, the broach threads do not stretch from the seamy side and are not woven into the canvas, but participate in the knitting of the ornament on the reverse side of the product. As a result, the image will be displayed on both sides of the finished work. The only difference that will be between the front and the back side of the product is color inversion.
Jacquard thread knitting on both sides is twice as dense as usual. That is why this method is most often used for knitting warm blankets, winter scarves and hats, children's jackets and vests.
When the technology of basic jacquard patterns is mastered, you can invent your own variations of the patterns and knit the products almost without looking at the scheme. Take the process of knitting jacquard patterns creatively: try to combine different colors and types of yarn, invent your own original patterns. So, for example, a sweater knitted from printed yarn will look very beautiful. Do not be afraid to experiment and good luck in this difficult matter!