Khokhloma painting is recognizable no less than Gzhel. Luxurious patterns and combinations of shades, a characteristic tandem of red and gold, flowers and berries, strange birds - all this can not fail to attract attention and fascinated to study each line. Professionals assure: Khokhloma painting is very simple in execution, and if you understand the principles of its creation, even a person who has never held a brush in his life can master the technology.
Features patterns in Khokhloma painting: photos and recommendations
To understand the implementation of this technology, it is important to understand its essence and features: not only the combination of certain lines and curls makes Khokhloma Khokhloma, but also what is invested in them, how they connect, and what image they create in general. The development of Khokhloma painting was significantly influenced by the oriental ornaments of carpets and shawls, as well as the Russian patterns of house carving in the form of stems and leaves. The church also contributed to the overall color scheme: black and pure red, gold — deep and strong tones. All this gave rise to the original technology of the Volga masters and remained at the heart of the current "Khokhloma".
- The drawing in the Khokhloma painting is built on the “leading” one, represented by a smooth sprawling branch. It gradually expands due to the addition of various elements, subdivided into basic (large flowers, clusters of berries, etc.) and side (small leaves, single berries, blade of grass). In this case, the main element should be in the center.
Initially, the Khokhloma painting was divided into 2 categories, distinguished by the stylistics of the patterns: the “upper” letter and the “Kudrin”. The latter became the most famous - it is a dark (red or black) background, according to which elegant and complex curls and natural elements are written. The scheme of work is the same - first leading branch, then additional details. “Kudrin” looks heavier, filled than the “riding” letter, which has a golden background with an abundance of blades of different sizes, and the rest of the ornaments are made either under the berry or under the leaf. In addition, the very location of the picture should be a square that can stretch into a rhombus.
- As for the technology of work, there are also some nuances: the Khokhloma painting is never written in clear lines, and there is no preliminary sketch stage in it. The master immediately performs the idea of paint, which causes a certain softness of even the smallest and thinnest patterns.
It should also be noted that some ornaments are not hand-made: more precisely, they are drawn, of course, with a brush, but through a stencil - this technique has been used for a long time and can be combined with stamping, for which a felt or wooden tool is used.
Phased drawing Khokhloma painting for beginners
Despite the fact that some patterns can be created through a stencil, learning Khokhloma painting still stands with a simple ornament with a brush. To do this, select a few very thin and small (00, 01) brushes with a pile of squirrel or a pony (it should be soft), and, guided by the entries, first circle the suggested patterns several times, then try to draw them on the hinted tips, and then - on the same paper or clear glass.
- Grass or osochka. The simplest and most basic pattern: a slightly curved side to the side, the maximum pressure of the brush in the middle, at the edges comes to naught. The thickening is very smooth and has a minimal degree.
- Curl. The next element in complexity; brush pressure does not change, remains the same throughout the length of the pattern; the line is twisted by a snail.
- Droplet. It is good to train pressure on it: the brush is placed at the base of the pile, after which it is rotated 180 degrees and begins to be carefully removed from the surface. At the same time, it must be pulled forward. When a single pattern is obtained, try performing 2 drops in a mirror.
- Bush. It is a fan-gathered droplets, at the base of which a small dot is placed with the tip of the brush.
- Leaflet. The easiest way to do this pattern is to bring out the mirror-reflecting blades of grass, curved outward, and then fill the inner void with the same color. A more complex version - without removing the brush, adjust the pressure and direction, displaying an oval with pointed ends.
After mastering those patterns that are drawn only with a brush, it is recommended to try the berry elements: they need a stamp that is made by themselves - it will create the basis of the pattern. And small details will also be added with a brush. To make a stamp, it is enough to take a straw straw, attach down the circle of paper, and dip this part into the paint.
- Cowberry performed by simply stamping scarlet circles that do not need additions.
- Currant - several berry circles gathered near a blade of grass on which single golden dots are placed with a brush.
- Pock - in addition to the berry circles, it is necessary to finish the very narrow and elongated droplets and leaves at the base of the bunch. Also required dots brush with gold paint.
- Malinka. A bunch of 6 circles-berries, which are already placed without distance, through the imposition of each other. Glare are drawn on the blade of grass technique, after the points are stamped with a brush tip. Sepal - grass blades gathered together, twig - leaves and a thin line.
Professionals advise beginners to practice not on paper, but on glass or plastic: it is easy to wash off the paint from this material, and locally. Thus, it is possible to first understand the correct position of the brush and the pressure on the pile, and only then try to transfer even the simplest patterns to paper or wood.