Japanese fatsiya belongs to evergreen deciduous and ornamental plants. She refers to a very fast growing plants with monophonic or variegated leaves.
The most important advantage of the Japanese fatsia is deservedly considered its large dark green leaves. Her leaves make her an unsurpassed beauty among other flowers in any apartment. If you want Japanese Fatsia to become a real decoration for your apartment, get acquainted with caring for her at home.
Japanese care faticia at home
- Japanese Fatsia - very unpretentious plant, which grows in all conditions. You can put it in partial shade or a place where good ambient lighting is provided. For peristoliste species recommended lighter places. Southern, western and eastern window sills suit very well.
- Shadow is not recommended because the growth of the flower in this case slows down a lot. The variegated forms need to provide more light. In the hot summer months it is recommended to take the flower to fresh air, slightly priten from the bright sun.
- In spring and summer, the temperature in the room where the Japanese fatsia is located should be between 18 and 22.0C. In winter, she can tolerate temperature even 8.0C. But the best option would be 10 - 150With in a well-lit room. Also in the winter it is recommended to provide additional lighting. For a variegated type, the temperature should not be below 160WITH.
- Although Fatsia at home and does not require special care, but has certain requirements. The most important requirement is watering. Japanese Fatsia loves good watering, but you cannot categorically re-moisten the soil, otherwise it may die.. It should be watered as the soil dries with settled soft water. In the autumn, watering should be gradually reduced. In winter, it should be reduced significantly, but overdrying cannot be allowed, otherwise it will be difficult to restore the pomp and beauty of the crown. The flower may not fully recover.
- If you allow overdrying earthen coma, the leaves will fall down. You can lift them only by tying them to the struts so that they acquire a horizontal position. At high temperatures in winter watering should not be reduced.
- To feed the Japanese fatsia you need organic or mineral fertilizers for ornamental plants in spring and summer, every 10 days. Feeding should be stopped in winter. While the fatsya is still young, it needs to be transplanted annually in spring, then enough 1 p. in 2-3 years.
- Also a flower is required frequent spraying with settled soft water. Leaves should be wiped with a damp cloth or sponge. In summer, the flower can make a warm shower. In winter, spraying should be reduced, and if wintering is cold, it is not recommended to spray at all.
- The best substrate for fatsia will be a soil mixture consisting of equal parts of sand and peat, 1 part of humus and 2 parts of sod land. 1/3 of the height of the pot should take drainage made of expanded clay. A young Japanese fatsy is transplanted each year in spring.
How to grow Japanese fatsiyu from seeds?
- Fatsia reproduces very well by air layering and apical cuttings. You can try and reproduction from seed. Reproduction of the apical cuttings usually held in the spring. At the same time, the cuttings should be ready for growth and have several buds. They root well at a temperature of 23 to 270C in a wet sand and peat substrate.
- The cuttings are covered with a film or glass jar. In the morning and in the evening they need to be cleaned so that they are ventilated for at least half an hour. As soon as the cuttings of the fatsia take root, they are transplanted into the earthy mixture. Over time, cuttings form low bushes with dense foliage.
- Reproduction of Japanese fatsia can only be done with fresh seeds., as they very quickly lose their germination. Seeds are sown in pots to a depth of 0.8 cm in late February or early March. The soil mixture should be light and consist of humus and peat with a small amount of sand. Cover the seeds with glass and keep at a temperature of 200WITH.
- The soil in the pot should be kept in a slightly damp state, not pouring it. After 3 weeks, fatsia seeds should germinate. They are transplanted to 1 copy in pots with a diameter of 11 cm and put in a bright room. The earth mixture should be from deciduous and sod land, as well as sand, taken in the same proportions.
Japanese Fatsia: pests and diseases
- Inadequate care can cause damage to fatsia by aphids, red spider mites, whiteflies, thrips. With these diseases, the growth of the flower sharply deteriorates, the leaves begin to turn yellow, curl and curl, and they die prematurely. Therefore, it is very important to regularly inspect the plant and remove the detected pests with a cloth. The cloth before this needs to be moistened with alcohol or a soap solution. With a strong infection fight with the help of 20 drops of karbofos, divorced to 1 liter. water.
- Fatsia content in a damp and cold place leads to the defeat of its gray rot. Damaged parts must be removed and the flower must be removed to a ventilated room with less humidity. Insufficient watering can cause leaves to dry out. And waterlogging of the soil will make the leaves sluggish and soft, after which they turn yellow and fall.
For more than 200 years, the luxurious beauty of Japanese fatsia has been grown at home. Her unusual and very beautiful crown makes her an unsurpassed beauty in any apartment. This evergreen came to us from subtropical regions of Japan, Korea and China, where it was most often grown in cool, shady rooms and gardens.
Care at home for the Japanese fatsiyu does not have any special difficulties. But this evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 1.5 m, will become a real decoration of your apartment.