Now irises are widespread. The name of this flower is named one of the nebulae, located in distant cosmos. It received its name due to the fact that its outlines resemble this flower. Indeed, in the toffee there is some kind of special charm, some cosmic attraction and mystery.
How to plant irises?
Before you plant the iris, you need to prepare the ground for this. For the planting of these flowers only the soil that is well permeable to water is acceptable, since the irises do not tolerate stagnant water. In addition, irises bloom poorly in shady places, so for planting it is better to choose areas that will be constantly illuminated. If there are no such areas, you can give the flowers a light penumbra in the afternoon.
Soil preparation is extremely important, because the soil for irises must be freed from weeds. This is due to the fact that then the flowers are very difficult to process because of their specific roots. Those who especially zealously care for these flowers, even sift the soil twice. If you start preparing the soil in spring, you can use herbicides. They will contribute to the death of weeds. If weeds appear afterwards, you can use local action herbicides using the marking method. That is, you have to apply the substance to the leaves of young weeds with a brush. This method is time consuming, but rather effective. But the composition of the soil irises unpretentious. But of course, on richer soils, the plant will grow and bloom much better.
High varieties of these flowers are usually planted seventy to eighty centimeters apart. If you are going to decorate a flower bed with dwarf plants, then they should be planted every thirty to forty centimeters.
In order to plant bearded irises, you need to make a mound in the hole, and put a seedling on it and straighten its roots. The fan of the leaves should be directed towards the south in order for the plant to grow faster and grow symmetrically. Then seedling sprinkled with earth and watered. These plants do not tolerate the deepening of rhizomes, which often provoke rot. Bezborodye irises, on the contrary, like the penetration and moisture, so it would be good to mulch them with needles or peat. If the planting is done in a hot time, the plant must be pritenyat.
You can plant irises until the end of September. But when planting at a later date, you need to be careful, as the plant may suffer in the winter. To prevent damage, bearded irises should be covered with a layer of sand mixed with wood ash and covered with spruce fir branches. Bezborodye mulch peat.
When to transplant irises?
Transplantation of irises should be carried out immediately after they bloom, so that the plant has time to take root and does not die. Transplantation of irises should be done at least three to five years, so that the rhizomes do not go out and flowering is not reduced. For the division of irises, it is necessary to choose the most developed bush and rid it of the earth. Rhizomes must be broken so that on each broken part there is a leaf bud and a piece of rhizome.
Then it is necessary to deprive the plant of dry leaves. Existing leaves should be cut by about half, and the roots by a third. To disinfect the planting material, it is necessary to lower it into a weak solution of manganese for fifteen to twenty minutes, and then dry it in the sun.
Care for irises
Caring for irises is quite simple and, in principle, common to other colors. This is watering, weeding, loosening the soil, as well as top dressing. To feed the plants need three times.
- The first time this procedure should be carried out in early spring. It consists of top dressing in sprinkling of soil with easily soluble mineral fertilizer. On one flower will need about ten grams of fertilizer.
- The second feeding should go through the period of bud formation, that is, at the beginning of flowering. The substances and proportions used are the same as in the first case. If irises do not bloom, the reasons for this can be found in the article Why do not irises bloom ?.
- The third nutritional procedure should be in August. This time you will need potash or phosphate fertilizer. This feeding will help the plant to cope with the approaching wintering.
- Watering irises in the second half of the summer should be reduced to prevent rotting of the rhizomes.
Today it is impossible to imagine a single garden or flower garden without these flowers. Irises amaze with their magnificence. It seems that their bright deep colors can be enjoyed forever.