Hortensia was first brought to Europe from Japan in 1820. In translation, it means "a barrel of water", which speaks of the main rule of care for her. Hydrangeas need abundant watering. It is quite a hardy and unpretentious plant, so any person is able to grow it, even without much knowledge about floriculture.
Hortensia, which is grown at home, is a plant with flowers of pink, white, blue or red flowers. It has bright green stems that reach a length of 1.5 m. Hortensia begins to bloom in early spring and ends only in late autumn. After which she plunges into a state of rest for 80 days. If you want to hydrangea pleased you with beautiful flowers, then you need to know how to care for her at home.
Hydrangea: home care rules
- For hydrangea, you must choose a place that is lit by diffused bright light. In the summer months, it can be taken out into the open air, so that one gradually gets used to direct sunlight. After the flower gets used, pots with hydrangeas can be dug into the ground and left until spring.
- Hortensia does not like sudden changes in temperature and drafts. The optimum temperature for the flower will be the temperature from 15 to 220C. In the winter, it should be cleaned in a dark, cool room, where the temperature is between 6 and 9.0WITH.
- The flower needs moist and fresh air. Therefore, it should be sprayed and not put next to the central heating radiators.
- Hydrangea must be watered with warm, soft and distilled water, because the flower does not tolerate hard water. In winter, you can use melt water, and at other times - rainwater.
- During flowering and active growth, the flower should be well and regularly watered. During this period, the ground in the pot should always be wet. For the correct formation of inflorescences and growth of hydrangea is recommended to water a solution of potassium permanganate. If there is not enough watering in the summer, flowers and leaves wither during the flowering and growth, the hydrangea slows down growth and then recovers with difficulty.
- During dormancy, watering should be significantly reduced in order to mature the apical buds, of which flowers appear next year. During dormancy in winter, especially at a sufficiently low temperature, excessive watering provokes rotting of the roots and can cause the death of the flower.
- For good flowering hydrangeas need fertile soil. After the next flowering hydrangea is desirable to transplant in fresh land. To create the soil, mix 1 part of coniferous and peaty land, ½ part of sand with humus. The flower loves clay soil, but it is better to refrain from sandy.
- The color of the inflorescences depends on the level of acidity of the soil. On alkaline soils turn out flowers of pink color, on sour - blue. If desired, you can change the color to pink, if you add lime, and to blue, if aluminum sulfate. Also, the acidic soil makes the color richer and brighter, and a more neutral one makes it slightly pale. Sawdust, peat, coniferous soil can also oxidize the soil. Chalk, lime and ash are best not used for oxidation.
- In the spring and summer period with the help of liquid organic and mineral fertilizers it is desirable to feed the plants. Mixtures of ammonium sulphate, potassium, bone meal or nitrogen fertilizers are well suited.
- After trimming the hydrangea and until new shoots appear, it is not fed. After flowering pruning must be done in half the length.
- The hydrangea roots grow in width and do not go far into the ground, so for planting you need to choose a wide, not a deep pot.For proper growth of hydrangea need to create good drainage.
Hydrangea Care Tips
If you provide a hydrangea temperature not lower than 200Since, in the winter she has enough strength for the subsequent flowering. Hortensia does not like constant shade and shadowed places. In winter, the flower should be watered every 5 days. Before watering, the soil needs to be burnt. Air nutrition is very important for hydrangea roots.. After planting for a month, the flower should rest, so you do not need to feed it.
If a flower does not take root well, you can begin to feed it gradually with phosphate fertilizers. Hortensia suffers from flower aphid, To avoid its appearance, it is enough to water the flower in a timely manner. If it is necessary to give a bluish inflorescence a dark blue color, you should add iron salts in the water, which will be watered the flower.
Transplantation and problems of hydrangea at home
- Transplant hydrangea is carried out in a period of rest when it does not bloom.It is usually done once every 2 or 3 years. The diameter of the new pot must be 1.5 times larger than the old one.
- If the hydrangea leaves turn yellow, the reason for this is a decrease in acidity. Therefore, before watering the flower, add 5 drops of lemon juice to 1 l of water.
- The cause of the dry tips of the leaves often becomes insufficient watering or dry air. It is necessary to increase the humidity and the number of waterings.
- Light spots on the leaves of the hydrangea appear from an excess of light, so the pot with hydrangea should be removed in the shade, covered from direct sunlight.
- Black spots in hydrangea occur due to insufficiently watering.
- The reason for too slow growth of the flower becomes a lack of nutrition, it is enough to feed it with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Hortensia is an extraordinarily beautiful flower that has the unique ability to change the color of flowers when watering with various salts. If you decide to purchase this beautiful flower, then remember, he needs proper care at home, and then he will thank you for his beauty.
For hydrangea to please you for many years with its beautiful and unusual flowers, it is enough to follow three main conditions for taking care of it at home: water it in a timely manner, observe transplant conditions and ensure the absence of direct sunlight for a long time.