Some say that hydrangea refers to the type of garden plants. Others say that it is precisely the hydrangea that can rightfully be considered the queen of indoor plants. These disputes are meaningless, because the hydrangea is a universal flower that can grow both in the garden plot and in the home greenhouse. Only now it is much more difficult to grow it in artificial conditions. In order to beautifully bloom room hydrangea, home care should be comprehensive and correct.
Popular varieties of hydrangeas grown at home
Breeders hydrangea known more under the name hydrangea. As already mentioned, it grows in household plots and in room conditions. Due to the nature of plant care, breeders were able to cultivate far from all varieties. The most common variety of room hydrangea is considered to be large-leaved.
The main feature of various types of hydrangea is the color range of inflorescences. In room conditions, you can grow hydrangea with white, light beige, pink, red, blue and even dark purple inflorescence.
In nature, there are about 90 varieties of hydrangea, and in our climatic conditions only some of them grow, in particular:
- Vanille Fraise;
Hydrangea room: care features
In order for the hydrangea to please you with its small-colored and spherical flowering, at home it needs to provide a full and comprehensive care. Hortensia is among deciduous plants. That is why the main thing during the flower growth is to observe cyclicality. Hydrangea pleases with its flowering in spring and summer, then all the leaves and buds crumble, and the plant remains in a state of complete rest for about 2.5 months.
At this time, you need to pay special attention to fertilizing the flower with fertilizer mixtures and watering. In addition, the plant should provide the proper level of illumination and temperature threshold.
How to plant hydrangea?
Depending on the color range of inflorescences, a certain substrate soil is required for hydrangea. Blue hydrangeas are best to grow in acidified soil, but for other types of hydrangea is better to pick up the soil with a lower level of acidity. The soil substrate must be complex and contain equal proportions of the peat base, humus and sandstone.
Hydrangea should be transplanted into a new pot once a year. It is best to choose trapezoidal pots, and the height should be much larger than the width (like an expanding pot). Replant the plant should be with the ground, without violating the root system of the flower.
Hortensia can be ranked among those plant species that love penumbra. During the entire development cycle for hydrangea, you need to create a single lighting level. In no case should direct sun rays fall on the flower, as this will have a detrimental effect on its flowering and leaves.
If in summer hydrangea grows in a spacious and moderately lit room, then in a period of calm, the plant should be provided with additional lighting. In the period of flowering hydrangea is better to put on the terrace, balcony or in the greenhouse.
How to water hydrangea?
Hydrangeas are considered moisture-loving flowers. During the period of active development and flowering hydrangea is recommended to water very often. Only the surface soil should dry out completely. Moisture should remain around the root system. Under no circumstances should water be left in the sump, otherwise the roots may rot.
In the dormant period, the number of irrigations and their abundance should be significantly reduced. Watering the plant in the autumn-winter period should be only after the substrate has dried completely.
In addition, hydrangea requires well-moistened air. You can install a humidifier in the room, a container with water, moss. Also, the hydrangea crown is recommended to be periodically sprayed with filtered (distilled) water.
To hydrangea in the spring pleased you with new shoots and flowers, the temperature during the autumn-winter period should vary from 4 to 6 °. During active development, the temperature should be constant and not exceed 20 °. If the temperature of the air changes dramatically, the cyclical nature of the development of the plant will be disturbed and it may die.
During dormancy, hydrangea can be stored in dark and cool rooms, for example, on a balcony. This plant is considered hardy. Just do not forget about the proper weatherization of the plant and its digging. At the end of flowering shoots of hydrangea can be safely cut to 2/3. Even if the old shoots die off, during the growing season be sure to appear basal stems. Hydrangea should be cut only at the end of a period of active development. On each shoot there should be no more than 5-6 eyes.
How to fertilize hydrangea?
Hydrangea perceives fertilizer mixtures well. You can pick up any universal fertilizer for flowering plants. Feeding should be carried out during the growing season at least once every two weeks. During the stay of the flower in a state of rest it is not recommended to apply fertilizer mixtures.
Plant Diseases and Pests
Most often room hydrangea is prone to the appearance of spider mites. This is due to improper care, or rather, inadequate humidity levels. Also, the plant can be affected by the following diseases:
- powdery mildew;
- leaf aphids;
To cure the plant, you can use a solution of copper sulfate, insecticides.
Hortensia is a very beautiful flower that harmoniously fits into any interior. As you can see, it is whimsical, but if you follow all the rules for the care of hydrangea will certainly delight you with its rainbow and abundant flowering.