Hyacinth is a flower that you get through planting perennial bulbs.
Hyacinth belongs to the lily family. It is not typical for the territory of our country. His homeland is in Asia Minor and the Mediterranean countries.
Appearance of hyacinth
Let's start with the most important thing - with the bulb. It should be thick enough. It consists of a whole series of leaflets, which differ in a fleshy structure and surround the bulb from the bottom along the entire perimeter.
A stem grows from the bottom of the hyacinth bulb, which has a smooth surface with leaves of a saturated green color.
A kidney is formed on the topmost leaflet in the corner, which will give us a new young onion next year.
In height, the plant will be up to twenty-five - thirty centimeters.
Hyacinth leaflets narrow and long.
The stem must be straight and level - this is a condition that indicates the health and normal development of the plant. The leaves are directed upwards with a uniform fit in all directions.
During the flowering period hyacinth will delight you with an abundance of flowers.
The hyacinth blooms is very interesting, as many small flowers are collected in lush brushes, which in turn are located on the upper part of the stalk.
You can observe an interesting bright color perianth, which is assembled like a funnel with sticking out petals.
The flowers of the hyacinth are not large in size and different in color solutions. They can be pale yellow, pink, red, white. Some varietal groups are represented by flowers that are almost black in color, and there are also those that will please the eye with a pleasant blue or a soft purple color.
In appearance, flowers can range from smooth to terry.
As a rule, larger species with lush flowering differ smooth surface of the petals.
During the fruiting period, a leathery box is formed. This is the fruit of hyacinth. It contains three nests, which in turn contain two seeds covered with delicate skin.
Use of hyacinth
For the territory of our state hyacinth is not a natural culture, however, it is in high use.
Most often, hyacinths are used as indoor plants. As a rule, Dutch varietal groups of this domesticated culture are selected. Why? Yes, everything is very simple, because the Dutch managed to bring out such varieties of hyacinth, which have a thick, very stable pedicel with a large number of large flowers.
Especially like flower lovers, the fact that you can pick up such varieties of hyacinth, which will delight the surrounding flowers in winter and autumn. Among all the indoor plants is a rarity.
Choose a warm, well-consecrated place in the house or in the apartment and you can place your landings of hyacinths there.
But how to organize the whole process of landing?
It is not too difficult. Take a well-sized container and place a drainage layer on the bottom. It is very important so that the water during irrigation does not linger in the soil and for good air exchange.
The best will be loose soil, which you can buy in a specialty store or do it yourself using a combination of several components.
What are these components? Everything is very simple. Take the turfy ground, leaf, add peat and sand, as well as do not forget about the compost. Here is your soil under the hyacinths and ready.
Place the soil in a container for planting, and sprinkle sand on top. It is on him (on the sand) to plant the bulbs of hyacinth.
Sand gives a very big advantage - it prevents the onion rot and the root system from being able to decay.
If you plant several bulbs at once, then they should be located close to each other, but do not touch, and also stay away from the edges of the planting container.
After planting, conduct abundant watering of hyacinth.
Provide your landings a temperature regime not lower plus five, plus seven degrees.
It is important that your plantings survive the rest period well and enter the stage of active growth and development. But before the active growth it is necessary, as they say, to live. It will take at least two months, or even two and a half.
It is also possible to grow hyacinths in plain water without a soil layer; naturally, it should be well settled at room temperature.
If you decide to try this method of planting, then take a vase or other waterproof container, pour water into it and dissolve the mixture of mineral fertilizers. The bulb of a hyacinth settles down on a water surface so that it only slightly concerned it.
Water during such a landing changes in two - three weeks, and the tank itself is placed in a cool room.
Care will be reduced to regular watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers during the period of active growth and flowering.
At first, after planting, the temperature regime should not exceed plus fifteen degrees. And after your plantings get stronger and take root well in a few weeks, they can be transferred to a warmer, well-consecrated place.
See also: Bougainvillea: landing and care
The soil under the hyacinth should be constantly wet. This is an important condition for the normal development of the plant. However, be careful with the irrigation process itself. Do not allow water to enter the leafy sinuses. It is better if you pour water under the root.
Hyacinth will respond well to an additional evening consecration. It is not bad to also follow the growth and turn over the container with the plants, then one or the other side to the light source. So you prevent the curvature of the hyacinth.