What are the only tropical plants settled in the suburban areas of the middle band - and evergreen vines, and neat palm trees - and not very miniature. Not an exception and the Australian companion of almost every tree - hoya. Can i keep ivy at home? What difficulties in its cultivation await connoisseurs of ornamental plants? How to cope with the most common problems of this exotic beauty?
Waxy ivy or hoya - tropical liana in the apartment
Lianas have long won the hearts of gardeners around the world: in most cases, they are unpretentious in the matter of self-care, they need only good support, as well as maintaining high humidity so that climatic conditions are as close as possible to those in which they originally grew. Hoya, belonging to the Lastovnev family, is not much different from her kind, but is it possible to grow it in an apartment? What is the peculiarity of wax ivy, and where does this name come from?
This long vine (up to 10 m) is beautiful with its flowers and leaves: the latter have a classic oval shape, slightly pointed, glossy at a young age, after they become dull, become dense. But over time, they become thinner again, returning to the state in which they were at the moment of the beginning of development. Almost all types and varieties of hoi have large (up to 8 cm in length and 5 cm in width) leaves, but there are miniature specimens, but in the middle lane these practically do not grow, except for hoiia, which is quite demanding in terms of care.
In spring, all types of hoya are decorated with umbrellas gathered in umbrellas from classic five-membered star-flowers. Compared to leaves, they may seem very small - the diameter is barely more than 2 cm., With the exception of the imperial hoi, whose flowers are almost 8 cm in diameter. But even the smallest of them have a very strong aroma, because of which hoyu most often they are kept outdoors, or constantly airing the room, and they also emit sweet, crumbly nectar. Given the long flowering (from May to October), most of the time the hoya petals are covered with this glossy substance, and in combination with frosted fleshy leaves, the vine really creates the impression of a wax-molded figure. It is possible that this was the reason for the emergence of such a name. The official “name” of Hoya was named after the breeder and gardener Thomas Hoy, who had been a gardener for 40 years.
In fact, only the most common form of hoy - hoya meaty, intended for indoor cultivation, is called wax ivy. It has rather lush inflorescences (up to 18-20 flowers in an umbrella) with pink petals and wine-red hearts, quickly woody stems densely covered with large leaves. The flowering of wax ivy begins in June and ends closer to November, the flowers wither and fall for 19-21 days, after which there is a new wave on the same shoot. The length of the shoots of wax ivy is 5-7 m, but in the apartment it hardly reaches 2 m; the plant is grown as an ampel, in pots under the ceiling. Of all types of hoi, fleshy is considered the most unpretentious.
In the conditions of an apartment, occasionally you can find hoya beautiful, whose inflorescences are less dense - only 8-10 flowers, but with its cultivation it is sometimes not easy even for professionals. The most common question that can be heard about this species is what to do if the hoya does not bloom? And this is only the tip of the problems with it. In addition to the fleshy hoy, a more trouble-free option can be considered a multi-flowered hoya, which also has lush inflorescences, but its flowers do not resemble stars, but rockets; or Australian hoya - its leaves are slightly different in shape from hoya leaves are fleshy, because they are very rounded and more compact.
Wax ivy: home care
The fact that hoya is grown as an ampelous plant slightly narrows the range of possible places for its settlement in an apartment: a pot with a flower cannot be arranged on the windowsill. The ideal area for wax ivy will be the walls of the balcony, especially if it comes out to the west or south-east: here the tropical beauty will bathe in the sun during the warm season, and before the cold it will still have to be brought to the apartment and occasionally light up with lamps. However, gardeners are still arguing about a similar transfer of wax ivy from location to location: someone claims that the vine does not like a change of residence, albeit rare, someone, on the contrary, notes an improvement in her well-being from such actions.
In the room, however, hoya needs to be arranged in such a way that as much light as possible can fall on it: hang the pots on the middle of the wall, and stretch the shoots of the vines along the surface, hooking them to thin crossbars or a grid fixed on the wall. If in your apartment all windows are facing north, it is advisable to put a fluorescent lamp over the wax ivy and turn it on as soon as the sun leaves the room. The lack of lighting is a basic prerequisite to the fact that hoya does not bloom in due time.
It should be said that Hoya does not like southern windows either, since too active sun sometimes leaves burns on its leaves, especially when the plant is still young, and the foliage did not have time to reach the desired density. Therefore, if located at a similar location at the peak of solar activity (from 11 to 17 h), the liana will need to be carefully shaded. Or put it away from the window, but not in the corner - so that the light was in sufficient quantity, but diffused.
Like all inhabitants of the tropics, hoya loves humid air, but at the same time the ambient temperature should not rise above 24 degrees. It can be raised to 25-26 degrees in summer, when there is active growth and flowering of the vine. In winter, during the period of rest, hoy will like even lowering the temperature to 15-17 degrees, but then it is impossible to moisturize its leaves - this can cause illness in the plant. In the heat, on the contrary, daily spraying is mandatory, for which warm, soft water is used, better filtered. Classic watering at the root is done 1 time per day in summer and 1 time per 2-3 days in winter. Some botanists also advise every 40-45 days to arrange hoy diffused watering from a watering can, directing streams from the very top of the bush to the root, so that the water washes and leaves with shoots. You can even bring the pot to the bathroom, because it is the only way to completely rinse the long stalks of the plant.
Wax ivy transplants it is cold, but without them the development can stop, so young bushes must be moved from pot to pot annually, in spring, before the flowering period begins. Adults (3-4 years) enough to replant vines every 2-3 years. At the same time, the capacity for hoi is chosen not too spacious, there should be only 25-30% free space. With each transplant, a classical complex fertilizer is added to the substrate (1 tbsp per bush), and during the flowering period liquid mineral fertilizer is introduced every 45-60 days.
The difficulties of hoya care: the most common problems
As mentioned earlier - hoya is by no means the most trouble-free plant. It is almost not affected by diseases and pests, however, there are many difficulties in growing vines. The most common question her new owners ask is: what to do if hoya does not bloom? And why does this happen at all?
- First, of course, lighting influences the flowering: if the wax ivy grows on the north side, it may not have buds on it at all. Artificial or daylight lamps can become an exit, but they will have to be turned on for almost 24 hours a day. Therefore, if you do not have the opportunity to place the hoyu on any side other than the north, it is better not to purchase this liana.
- Secondly, flowering also depends on moisture, both air and soil. As soon as the top layer of the earth begins to dry, it must be carefully watered immediately. If, however, it reached the point where the soil dried up to the middle layer, and hoya began to lose flowers, and the new ones ceased to be tied, special measures are required. Professionals advise to dig up a bush and put it in a basin, where distilled water is heated, warmed to 35 degrees. It is necessary to hold the plant there for 30-40 minutes, after which it should be planted back into the native pot, where the earth will be pre-moistened.
Occasionally it happens that hoya does not bloom due to the active growth of the shoots, as a result of which the volume of the bush increases due to the green, but the buds do not increase. In such a situation, you can prune the longest shoots, leaving only short shoots - it is on them that the inflorescences appear.
The most difficult case in which wax ivy will not bloom is the appearance of a spider mite. It is easy to recognize if, in parallel with the withering of buds or a delay in their development, spots appear on the leaves, and after the foliage dries up. You can fight by increasing the humidity of the air in the room, and also very often sprinkling and rubbing the leaves. Additionally, it is necessary to process the bush actellic.
Can i keep ivy at home? Hoya is not bad adapted to the flat conditions, some of its species are well acclimatized in a limited space, but caring for this vine cannot be called very simple. Putting hoyu in you, be prepared for its whims: protect from drafts and the scorching sun, provide good lighting, do not let the leaves and soil dry in the bush. Perhaps then you will not have to solve any problems inherent in a tropical beauty.